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Title: Optimizing qPlus sensor assemblies for simultaneous scanning tunneling and noncontact atomic force microscopy operation based on finite element method analysis

Quartz tuning forks that have a probe tip attached to the end of one of its prongs while the other prong is arrested to a holder (“qPlus” configuration) have gained considerable popularity in recent years for high-resolution atomic force microscopy imaging. The small size of the tuning forks and the complexity of the sensor architecture, however, often impede predictions on how variations in the execution of the individual assembly steps affect the performance of the completed sensor. Extending an earlier study that provided numerical analysis of qPlus-style setups without tips, this work quantifies the influence of tip attachment on the operational characteristics of the sensor. The results using finite element modeling show in particular that for setups that include a metallic tip that is connected via a separate wire to enable the simultaneous collection of local forces and tunneling currents, the exact realization of this wire connection has a major effect on sensor properties such as spring constant, quality factor, resonance frequency, and its deviation from an ideal vertical oscillation.
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2190-4286
Beilstein Institute
Research Org:
Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
42 ENGINEERING; force sensor; noncontact atomic force microscopy; quartz tuning forks; scanning tunneling microscopy; self-sensing probe
OSTI Identifier: