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Title: X-ray reflectivity measurement of interdiffusion in metallic multilayers during rapid heating

Abstract

A technique for measuring interdiffusion in multilayer materials during rapid heating using X-ray reflectivity is described. In this technique the sample is bent to achieve a range of incident angles simultaneously, and the scattered intensity is recorded on a fast high-dynamic-range mixed-mode pixel array detector. Heating of the multilayer is achieved by electrical resistive heating of the silicon substrate, monitored by an infrared pyrometer. As an example, reflectivity data from Al/Ni heated at rates up to 200 K s-1 are presented. At short times the interdiffusion coefficient can be determined from the rate of decay of the reflectivity peaks, and it is shown that the activation energy for interdiffusion is consistent with a grain boundary diffusion mechanism. At longer times the simple analysis no longer applies because the evolution of the reflectivity pattern is complicated by other processes, such as nucleation and growth of intermetallic phases.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [2];  [2]
  1. Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Beijing Inst. of Technology, Beijing (China)
  2. Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  3. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS)
  4. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
  5. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS); Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Kavli Inst. at Cornell for Nanoscale Science
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1426777
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0016035
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online); Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1600-5775
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; X-ray reflectivity; multilayer; interdiffusion.

Citation Formats

Liu, J. P., Kirchhoff, J., Zhou, L., Zhao, M., Grapes, M. D., Dale, D. S., Tate, M. D., Philipp, H. T., Gruner, S. M., Weihs, T. P., and Hufnagel, T. C. X-ray reflectivity measurement of interdiffusion in metallic multilayers during rapid heating. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1107/S1600577517008013.
Liu, J. P., Kirchhoff, J., Zhou, L., Zhao, M., Grapes, M. D., Dale, D. S., Tate, M. D., Philipp, H. T., Gruner, S. M., Weihs, T. P., & Hufnagel, T. C. X-ray reflectivity measurement of interdiffusion in metallic multilayers during rapid heating. United States. doi:10.1107/S1600577517008013.
Liu, J. P., Kirchhoff, J., Zhou, L., Zhao, M., Grapes, M. D., Dale, D. S., Tate, M. D., Philipp, H. T., Gruner, S. M., Weihs, T. P., and Hufnagel, T. C. Thu . "X-ray reflectivity measurement of interdiffusion in metallic multilayers during rapid heating". United States. doi:10.1107/S1600577517008013. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1426777.
@article{osti_1426777,
title = {X-ray reflectivity measurement of interdiffusion in metallic multilayers during rapid heating},
author = {Liu, J. P. and Kirchhoff, J. and Zhou, L. and Zhao, M. and Grapes, M. D. and Dale, D. S. and Tate, M. D. and Philipp, H. T. and Gruner, S. M. and Weihs, T. P. and Hufnagel, T. C.},
abstractNote = {A technique for measuring interdiffusion in multilayer materials during rapid heating using X-ray reflectivity is described. In this technique the sample is bent to achieve a range of incident angles simultaneously, and the scattered intensity is recorded on a fast high-dynamic-range mixed-mode pixel array detector. Heating of the multilayer is achieved by electrical resistive heating of the silicon substrate, monitored by an infrared pyrometer. As an example, reflectivity data from Al/Ni heated at rates up to 200 K s-1 are presented. At short times the interdiffusion coefficient can be determined from the rate of decay of the reflectivity peaks, and it is shown that the activation energy for interdiffusion is consistent with a grain boundary diffusion mechanism. At longer times the simple analysis no longer applies because the evolution of the reflectivity pattern is complicated by other processes, such as nucleation and growth of intermetallic phases.},
doi = {10.1107/S1600577517008013},
journal = {Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online)},
number = 4,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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