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Title: Radiation-Induced Changes in Quartz, A Mineral Analog of Nuclear Power Plant Concrete Aggregates

Abstract

Quartz single-crystal samples consisting of α-quartz crystal structure were neutron irradiated to fluences of 5 × 1018, 4 × 1019, and 2 × 1020 n/cm2 (E > 0.1 MeV) at two temperatures (52 and 95 °C). The changes in the α-quartz phase as a function of these two conditions (temperature and fluence) were studied using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the results acquired using these complementary techniques are presented in a single place for the first time. XRD studies showed that the lattice parameters of α-quartz increased with increasing neutron flux. The lattice growth was larger for the samples that were neutron irradiated at 52 °C than at 95 °C. Moreover, an amorphous content was determined in the quartz samples neutron irradiated at 4 × 1019 n/cm2, with the greater amount being in the 52 °C irradiated sample. Complete amorphization of quartz was observed at a fluence of 2 × 1020 n/cm2 (E > 0.1 MeV) using XRD and confirmed by TEM characterization and Raman spectroscopic studies. In conclusion, the cause for α-quartz lattice expansion and sample amorphization was also explored using XRD and Raman spectroscopic studies.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science & Technology Division
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Nuclear Security and Isotope Technology Division; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Bredesen Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1426569
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Inorganic Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0020-1669
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Silva, Chinthaka M., Rosseel, Thomas M., and Kirkegaard, Marie C.. Radiation-Induced Changes in Quartz, A Mineral Analog of Nuclear Power Plant Concrete Aggregates. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b00096.
Silva, Chinthaka M., Rosseel, Thomas M., & Kirkegaard, Marie C.. Radiation-Induced Changes in Quartz, A Mineral Analog of Nuclear Power Plant Concrete Aggregates. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b00096
Silva, Chinthaka M., Rosseel, Thomas M., and Kirkegaard, Marie C.. Wed . "Radiation-Induced Changes in Quartz, A Mineral Analog of Nuclear Power Plant Concrete Aggregates". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b00096. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1426569.
@article{osti_1426569,
title = {Radiation-Induced Changes in Quartz, A Mineral Analog of Nuclear Power Plant Concrete Aggregates},
author = {Silva, Chinthaka M. and Rosseel, Thomas M. and Kirkegaard, Marie C.},
abstractNote = {Quartz single-crystal samples consisting of α-quartz crystal structure were neutron irradiated to fluences of 5 × 1018, 4 × 1019, and 2 × 1020 n/cm2 (E > 0.1 MeV) at two temperatures (52 and 95 °C). The changes in the α-quartz phase as a function of these two conditions (temperature and fluence) were studied using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the results acquired using these complementary techniques are presented in a single place for the first time. XRD studies showed that the lattice parameters of α-quartz increased with increasing neutron flux. The lattice growth was larger for the samples that were neutron irradiated at 52 °C than at 95 °C. Moreover, an amorphous content was determined in the quartz samples neutron irradiated at 4 × 1019 n/cm2, with the greater amount being in the 52 °C irradiated sample. Complete amorphization of quartz was observed at a fluence of 2 × 1020 n/cm2 (E > 0.1 MeV) using XRD and confirmed by TEM characterization and Raman spectroscopic studies. In conclusion, the cause for α-quartz lattice expansion and sample amorphization was also explored using XRD and Raman spectroscopic studies.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b00096},
journal = {Inorganic Chemistry},
number = 6,
volume = 57,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Fitted XRD pattern of the quartz unirradiated control sample. The experimental XRD and fitted patterns are indicated in red and green, respectively. The residual between experimental and fitted patterns is shown in pink. Black and red tick marks indicate Bragg peak positions of α-SiO2 and Si SRM640d internalmore » standard, respectively. The inset is a magnified area showing SiO2 (100), SiO2 (101), and Si (111) peaks. Arrows indicate the first two impurity peaks in the pattern.« less

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