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Title: Acid–base catalysis over perovskites: a review

We present that perovskite catalysts have been extensively studied for reduction–oxidation (redox) reactions; however, their acid–base catalytic properties are still under-explored. This review collects work aiming to study the acid–base catalytic properties of perovskites. Reports regarding combined acid–base/redox catalysis over perovskites lie beyond the scope of the present review. For the characterization of acid–base properties, researchers have studied the interaction of probe molecules with perovskite surfaces by means of multiple techniques that provide information about the density, strength and type of adsorption sites. The top-surface composition of perovskites, which relates to the abundance of the acid–base sites, has been studied by means of low energy ion scattering (LEIS), and, the less surface sensitive, conventional X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Probe reactions, with the conversion of 2-propanol as the common choice, have also been employed for characterizing the acid–base catalytic properties of perovskites. The complex nature of perovskite surfaces, which explains the still absent fundamental relations between the structure of the catalyst and reaction rates/selectivity, encounters a great challenge due to the surface reconstruction of these materials. In this review, we devote a special section to highlight recent publications that report the impact of surface reconstruction and particle shape on acid–base catalysismore » over perovskites. In addition, we review promising catalytic performances of perovskite catalysts for other reactions of interest. Challenges in acid–base catalysis over perovskites focus on the development of time-resolved monolayer-sensitive characterization of surfaces under operando conditions and the discernment of combined acid–base/redox reaction mechanisms. Finally, opportunities lay on tuning the acid–base characteristics of perovskites with computation-based catalytic descriptors to achieve desired selectivities and enhanced rates.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciences Division and Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1426559
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1458369