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Title: Synthesis, Structural Characterization, and Growth Mechanism of Li 1+x V 3 O 8 Submicron Fibers for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

Here, we report on the synthesis of submicron Li1+xV3O8 fibers through a facile mixed ethanol/water solution-mediated solvothermal route in the absence of surfactants. All the raw materials used are commercially available, relatively inexpensive, and low-toxic, and these can be handled in an ambient atmosphere, rendering this synthetic route as reasonably facile and efficient. To ensure a desirable and acceptable sample crystallinity and purity, we introduced a postannealing treatment at 500°C. The monoclinic phase formation of the fiber sample was probed in detail using a series of X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, and selected area electron diffraction measurements. Both morphology and chemical composition could be carefully and systematically tuned in terms of generating a class of novel, pure, and well-defined motifs of Li1+xV3O8. A plausible mechanism for the formation of submicron-diameter fibers has been discussed in addition to the expected phase transformation within our Li-V-O materials. Our comprehensive study should provide for needed fundamental insights into putting forth a viable synthesis strategy for the generation of well-defined morphological variants of layered oxide materials for battery applications.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Materials Sciences and Engineering
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1426459
Report Number(s):
BNL-203348-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1528-7483
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; SC0012673
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Crystal Growth and Design
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1528-7483
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; lithium trivanadate; lithium-ion batteries; submicron-fibers; one-dimensional materials; solvothermal synthesis; mechanism; phase transformation

Citation Formats

Yue, Shiyu, Li, Jing, Wang, Lei, Haider, Bilal, Stach, Eric A., Tong, Xiao, and Wong, Stanislaus S. Synthesis, Structural Characterization, and Growth Mechanism of Li 1+x V 3 O 8 Submicron Fibers for Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.cgd.7b01522.
Yue, Shiyu, Li, Jing, Wang, Lei, Haider, Bilal, Stach, Eric A., Tong, Xiao, & Wong, Stanislaus S. Synthesis, Structural Characterization, and Growth Mechanism of Li 1+x V 3 O 8 Submicron Fibers for Lithium-Ion Batteries. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.7b01522
Yue, Shiyu, Li, Jing, Wang, Lei, Haider, Bilal, Stach, Eric A., Tong, Xiao, and Wong, Stanislaus S. Mon . "Synthesis, Structural Characterization, and Growth Mechanism of Li 1+x V 3 O 8 Submicron Fibers for Lithium-Ion Batteries". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.7b01522. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1426459.
@article{osti_1426459,
title = {Synthesis, Structural Characterization, and Growth Mechanism of Li 1+x V 3 O 8 Submicron Fibers for Lithium-Ion Batteries},
author = {Yue, Shiyu and Li, Jing and Wang, Lei and Haider, Bilal and Stach, Eric A. and Tong, Xiao and Wong, Stanislaus S.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report on the synthesis of submicron Li1+xV3O8 fibers through a facile mixed ethanol/water solution-mediated solvothermal route in the absence of surfactants. All the raw materials used are commercially available, relatively inexpensive, and low-toxic, and these can be handled in an ambient atmosphere, rendering this synthetic route as reasonably facile and efficient. To ensure a desirable and acceptable sample crystallinity and purity, we introduced a postannealing treatment at 500°C. The monoclinic phase formation of the fiber sample was probed in detail using a series of X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, and selected area electron diffraction measurements. Both morphology and chemical composition could be carefully and systematically tuned in terms of generating a class of novel, pure, and well-defined motifs of Li1+xV3O8. A plausible mechanism for the formation of submicron-diameter fibers has been discussed in addition to the expected phase transformation within our Li-V-O materials. Our comprehensive study should provide for needed fundamental insights into putting forth a viable synthesis strategy for the generation of well-defined morphological variants of layered oxide materials for battery applications.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.cgd.7b01522},
journal = {Crystal Growth and Design},
number = 4,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: TEM images (A and B) and SEM images (C and D) of as-prepared Li1+xV3O8 submicron-diameter fibers, synthesized at 180°C for 24 h, prior to annealing (A and C) as well as after annealing (B and D). The use of different scale bars is provided for guidance and easemore » of interpretation.« less

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