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This content will become publicly available on November 7, 2018

Title: Ultrafast Three-Dimensional Integrated Imaging of Strain in Core/Shell Semiconductor/Metal Nanostructures

Visualizing the dynamical response of material heterointerfaces is increasingly important for the design of hybrid materials and structures with tailored properties for use in functional devices. In situ characterization of nanoscale heterointerfaces such as metal-semiconductor interfaces, which exhibit a complex interplay between lattice strain, electric potential, and heat transport at subnanosecond time scales, is particularly challenging. Here in this work, we use a laser pump/X-ray probe form of Bragg coherent diffraction imaging (BCDI) to visualize in three-dimension the deformation of the core of a model core/shell semiconductor-metal (ZnO/Ni) nanorod following laser heating of the shell. We observe a rich interplay of radial, axial, and shear deformation modes acting at different time scales that are induced by the strain from the Ni shell. We construct experimentally informed models by directly importing the reconstructed crystal from the ultrafast experiment into a thermo-electromechanical continuum model. The model elucidates the origin of the deformation modes observed experimentally. Our integrated imaging approach represents an invaluable tool to probe strain dynamics across mixed interfaces under operando conditions.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Center for Nanoscale Materials
  3. European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble (France)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Mathematics and Computer Science
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; EP/D052939/1
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; core/shell; metal/semiconductor interface; nanostructure; ultrafast x-ray imaging
OSTI Identifier: