skip to main content


This content will become publicly available on January 9, 2019

Title: Dopamine: Just the Right Medicine for Membranes

Mussel-inspired chemistry has attracted widespread interest in membrane science and technology. Demonstrating the rapid growth of this field over the past several years, substantial progress has been achieved in both mussel-inspired chemistry and membrane surface engineering based on mussel-inspired coatings. At this stage, it is valuable to summarize the most recent and distinctive developments, as well as to frame the challenges and opportunities remaining in this field. In this review, recent advances in rapid and controllable deposition of mussel-inspired coatings, dopamine-assisted codeposition technology, and photoinitiated grafting directly on mussel-inspired coatings are presented. Some of these technologies have not yet been employed directly in membrane science. Beyond discussing advances in conventional membrane processes, emerging applications of mussel-inspired coatings in membranes are discussed, including as a skin layer in nanofiltration, interlayer in metal-organic framework based membranes, hydrophilic layer in Janus membranes, and protective layer in catalytic membranes. Finally, some critical unsolved challenges are raised in this field and some potential pathways are proposed to address them.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [3]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Nanoscience and Technology Division
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Inst. for Molecular Engineering
  3. Zhejiang Univ. of Technology, Hangzhou (China). MOE Key Lab. of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Dept. of Polymer Science and Engineering
  4. Univ. of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW (Australia). UNESCO Centre for Membrane Science and Technology, School of Chemical Engineering; Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom). Dept. of Materials Science and Metallurgy
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Energy Systems Division
  6. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Nanoscience and Technology Division; Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Inst. for Molecular Engineering; Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States). Inst. for Molecular Engineering
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
Country of Publication:
United States
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; Janus membrane; MOF membrane; Membrane; Nanofiltration; Photo-catalysis; Polydopamine
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1416407