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Title: Grand Challenges and Future Opportunities for Metal–Organic Frameworks

Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) allow compositional and structural diversity beyond conventional solid-state materials. Continued interest in the field is justified by potential applications of exceptional breadth, ranging from gas storage and separation, which takes advantage of the inherent pores and their volume, to electronic applications, which requires precise control of electronic structure. In this Outlook we present some of the pertinent challenges that MOFs face in their conventional implementations, as well as opportunities in less traditional areas. Here the aim is to discuss select design concepts and future research goals that emphasize nuances relevant to this class of materials as a whole. Particular emphasis is placed on synthetic aspects, as they influence the potential for MOFs in gas separation, electrical conductivity, and catalytic applications.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Department of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0001088; SC0001299
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Central Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2374-7943
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1426158