skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Searching for dark absorption with direct detection experiments

Abstract

We consider the absorption by bound electrons of dark matter in the form of dark photons and axion-like particles, as well as of dark photons from the Sun, in current and next-generation direct detection experiments. Experiments sensitive to electron recoils can detect such particles with masses between a few eV to more than 10 keV. For dark photon dark matter, we update a previous bound based on XENON10 data and derive new bounds based on data from XENON100 and CDMSlite. We find these experiments to disfavor previously allowed parameter space. Moreover, we derive sensitivity projections for SuperCDMS at SNOLAB for silicon and germanium targets, as well as for various possible experiments with scintillating targets (cesium iodide, sodium iodide, and gallium arsenide). The projected sensitivity can probe large new regions of parameter space. For axion-like particles, the same current direction detection data improves on previously known direct-detection constraints but does not bound new parameter space beyond known stellar cooling bounds. However, projected sensitivities of the upcoming SuperCDMS SNOLAB using germanium can go beyond these and even probe parameter space consistent with possible hints from the white dwarf luminosity function. We find similar results for dark photons from the sun. For allmore » cases, direct-detection experiments can have unprecedented sensitivity to dark-sector particles.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [2]
  1. Tel Aviv Univ., Tel Aviv (Israel). Raymond and Beverly Sackler School of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). C.N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics
  3. Tel Aviv Univ., Tel Aviv (Israel). Raymond and Beverly Sackler School of Physics and Astronomy ; Weizmann Inst. of Science, Rehovot (Israel). Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
New York Univ. (NYU), NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1426146
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0008061
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Dark matter; Dark matter and Double Beta Decay (experiments)

Citation Formats

Bloch, Itay M., Essig, Rouven, Tobioka, Kohsaku, Volansky, Tomer, and Yu, Tien-Tien. Searching for dark absorption with direct detection experiments. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP06(2017)087.
Bloch, Itay M., Essig, Rouven, Tobioka, Kohsaku, Volansky, Tomer, & Yu, Tien-Tien. Searching for dark absorption with direct detection experiments. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP06(2017)087.
Bloch, Itay M., Essig, Rouven, Tobioka, Kohsaku, Volansky, Tomer, and Yu, Tien-Tien. Fri . "Searching for dark absorption with direct detection experiments". United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP06(2017)087. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1426146.
@article{osti_1426146,
title = {Searching for dark absorption with direct detection experiments},
author = {Bloch, Itay M. and Essig, Rouven and Tobioka, Kohsaku and Volansky, Tomer and Yu, Tien-Tien},
abstractNote = {We consider the absorption by bound electrons of dark matter in the form of dark photons and axion-like particles, as well as of dark photons from the Sun, in current and next-generation direct detection experiments. Experiments sensitive to electron recoils can detect such particles with masses between a few eV to more than 10 keV. For dark photon dark matter, we update a previous bound based on XENON10 data and derive new bounds based on data from XENON100 and CDMSlite. We find these experiments to disfavor previously allowed parameter space. Moreover, we derive sensitivity projections for SuperCDMS at SNOLAB for silicon and germanium targets, as well as for various possible experiments with scintillating targets (cesium iodide, sodium iodide, and gallium arsenide). The projected sensitivity can probe large new regions of parameter space. For axion-like particles, the same current direction detection data improves on previously known direct-detection constraints but does not bound new parameter space beyond known stellar cooling bounds. However, projected sensitivities of the upcoming SuperCDMS SNOLAB using germanium can go beyond these and even probe parameter space consistent with possible hints from the white dwarf luminosity function. We find similar results for dark photons from the sun. For all cases, direct-detection experiments can have unprecedented sensitivity to dark-sector particles.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP06(2017)087},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 6,
volume = 2017,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 20 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Helioscope bounds on hidden sector photons
journal, July 2008


Two Z's or not two Z's?
journal, March 1984


Detectability of Light Dark Matter with Superfluid Helium
journal, September 2016


Detecting ultralight bosonic dark matter via absorption in superconductors
journal, July 2016


Bandgap Dependence and Related Features of Radiation Ionization Energies in Semiconductors
journal, March 1968

  • Klein, Claude A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 39, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1656484

Dark Matter Detectors as Dark Photon Helioscopes
journal, July 2013


A theory of dark matter
journal, January 2009

  • Arkani-Hamed, Nima; Finkbeiner, Douglas P.; Slatyer, Tracy R.
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 79, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.79.015014

Direct detection constraints on dark photon dark matter
journal, July 2015


Direct search for low mass dark matter particles with CCDs
journal, May 2012


Experimental Constraints on a Dark Matter Origin for the DAMA Annual Modulation Effect
journal, December 2008


Can large scintillators be used for solar-axion searches to test the cosmological axion–photon oscillation proposal?
journal, October 2009


Review of Particle Physics
journal, August 2014


WISPy cold dark matter
journal, June 2012

  • Arias, Paola; Cadamuro, Davide; Goodsell, Mark
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2012, Issue 06
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2012/06/013

Detecting superlight dark matter with Fermi-degenerate materials
journal, August 2016

  • Hochberg, Yonit; Pyle, Matt; Zhao, Yue
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP08(2016)057

First axion results from the XENON100 experiment
journal, September 2014


Problem of Strong P and T Invariance in the Presence of Instantons
journal, January 1978


Secluded WIMP dark matter
journal, April 2008


Solar axion flux from the axion-electron coupling
journal, December 2013


Search for low-mass WIMPs in a 0.6 kg day exposure of the DAMIC experiment at SNOLAB
journal, October 2016


Semiconductor probes of light dark matter
journal, November 2012

  • Graham, Peter W.; Kaplan, David E.; Rajendran, Surjeet
  • Physics of the Dark Universe, Vol. 1, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.dark.2012.09.001

First results of the CERN Resonant Weakly Interacting sub-eV Particle Search (CROWS)
journal, October 2013


Low-mass dark matter search using ionization signals in XENON100
journal, November 2016


Direct detection of sub-GeV dark matter with semiconductor targets
journal, May 2016

  • Essig, Rouven; Fernández-Serra, Marivi; Mardon, Jeremy
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP05(2016)046

Direct detection of sub-GeV dark matter
journal, April 2012


Experimental study of the response of semiconductor detectors to low-energy photons
journal, January 2000

  • Lépy, M. C.; Campbell, J. L.; Laborie, J. M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 439, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(99)00932-8

Microwave cavity light shining through a wall optimization and experiment
journal, September 2010


Searching for WISPy cold dark matter with a dish antenna
journal, April 2013

  • Horns, Dieter; Jaeckel, Joerg; Lindner, Axel
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 04
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2013/04/016

The cooling of hot white dwarfs: a theory with non-standard weak interactions, and a comparison with observations
journal, January 1994

  • Blinnikov, S. I.; Dunina-Barkovskaya, N. V.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 266, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/266.2.289

First Direct Detection Limits on Sub-GeV Dark Matter from XENON10
journal, July 2012


Axions and the Cooling of White Dwarf Stars
journal, July 2008

  • Isern, J.; García-Berro, E.; Torres, S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 682, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/591042

CP Conservation in the Presence of Pseudoparticles
journal, June 1977


Solar constraints on hidden photons re-visited
journal, August 2013


Superconducting Detectors for Superlight Dark Matter
journal, January 2016


Revisiting the axion bounds from the Galactic white dwarf luminosity function
journal, October 2014

  • Bertolami, M. M. Miller; Melendez, B. E.; Althaus, L. G.
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2014/10/069

Measurements of Fano factors in silicon and germanium in the low-energy X-ray region
journal, November 1997

  • Lowe, B. G.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 399, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(97)00965-0

Sub-electron readout noise in a Skipper CCD fabricated on high resistivity silicon
journal, May 2012

  • Fernández Moroni, Guillermo; Estrada, Juan; Cancelo, Gustavo
  • Experimental Astronomy, Vol. 34, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10686-012-9298-x

Search for Hidden Sector Photons with the ADMX Detector
journal, October 2010


Axion constraints from white dwarf cooling times
journal, January 1986


Axion searches with the EDELWEISS-II experiment
journal, November 2013


Parametrically enhanced hidden photon search
journal, October 2014


New Results from the Search for Low-Mass Weakly Interacting Massive Particles with the CDMS Low Ionization Threshold Experiment
journal, February 2016


Absorption of light dark matter in semiconductors
journal, January 2017


X-Ray Interactions: Photoabsorption, Scattering, Transmission, and Reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92
journal, July 1993

  • Henke, B. L.; Gullikson, E. M.; Davis, J. C.
  • Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, Vol. 54, Issue 2, p. 181-342
  • DOI: 10.1006/adnd.1993.1013

Probing Sub-GeV Dark Matter with Conventional Detectors
journal, January 2017


New stellar constraints on dark photons
journal, October 2013


The Low-Energy Frontier of Particle Physics
journal, November 2010


A cavity experiment to search for hidden sector photons
journal, January 2008


First Direct-Detection Constraints on eV-Scale Hidden-Photon Dark Matter with DAMIC at SNOLAB
journal, April 2017


Radio for hidden-photon dark matter detection
journal, October 2015


Detection of sub-GeV dark matter and solar neutrinos via chemical-bond breaking
journal, March 2017


Search for Light Dark Matter in XENON10 Data
journal, July 2011


Axions and the white dwarf luminosity function
journal, June 2009


Modulation effects in dark matter-electron scattering experiments
journal, October 2015

  • Lee, Samuel K.; Lisanti, Mariangela; Mishra-Sharma, Siddharth
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 92, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.92.083517

Atomic enhancements in the detection of weakly interacting particles
journal, February 1986


Axion cosmology
journal, July 2016


Two U(1)'s and ϵ charge shifts
journal, January 1986


A New Light Boson?
journal, January 1978


Astrophysical signatures of secluded dark matter
journal, January 2009


Search for Axions with the CDMS Experiment
journal, October 2009


Axio-electric effect
journal, September 2010