skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Tunable and high-purity room temperature single-photon emission from atomic defects in hexagonal boron nitride

Abstract

Two-dimensional van der Waals materials have emerged as promising platforms for solid-state quantum information processing devices with unusual potential for heterogeneous assembly. Recently, bright and photostable single photon emitters were reported from atomic defects in layered hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), but controlling inhomogeneous spectral distribution and reducing multi-photon emission presented open challenges. Here, we demonstrate that strain control allows spectral tunability of hBN single photon emitters over 6 meV, and material processing sharply improves the single photon purity. We observe high single photon count rates exceeding 7 × 106 counts per second at saturation, after correcting for uncorrelated photon background. Furthermore, these emitters are stable to material transfer to other substrates. High-purity and photostable single photon emission at room temperature, together with spectral tunability and transferability, opens the door to scalable integration of high-quality quantum emitters in photonic quantum technologies.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
  2. Univ. of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW (Australia). School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  3. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Excitonics (CE)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF); US Army Research Laboratory (USARL); Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF); Australian Research Council (ARC)
OSTI Identifier:
1425973
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001088; DMR-1231319
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; Quantum information; Quantum optics; Single photons and quantum effects; Two-dimensional materials

Citation Formats

Grosso, Gabriele, Moon, Hyowon, Lienhard, Benjamin, Ali, Sajid, Efetov, Dmitri K., Furchi, Marco M., Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo, Ford, Michael J., Aharonovich, Igor, and Englund, Dirk. Tunable and high-purity room temperature single-photon emission from atomic defects in hexagonal boron nitride. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00810-2.
Grosso, Gabriele, Moon, Hyowon, Lienhard, Benjamin, Ali, Sajid, Efetov, Dmitri K., Furchi, Marco M., Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo, Ford, Michael J., Aharonovich, Igor, & Englund, Dirk. Tunable and high-purity room temperature single-photon emission from atomic defects in hexagonal boron nitride. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00810-2
Grosso, Gabriele, Moon, Hyowon, Lienhard, Benjamin, Ali, Sajid, Efetov, Dmitri K., Furchi, Marco M., Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo, Ford, Michael J., Aharonovich, Igor, and Englund, Dirk. Tue . "Tunable and high-purity room temperature single-photon emission from atomic defects in hexagonal boron nitride". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00810-2. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1425973.
@article{osti_1425973,
title = {Tunable and high-purity room temperature single-photon emission from atomic defects in hexagonal boron nitride},
author = {Grosso, Gabriele and Moon, Hyowon and Lienhard, Benjamin and Ali, Sajid and Efetov, Dmitri K. and Furchi, Marco M. and Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo and Ford, Michael J. and Aharonovich, Igor and Englund, Dirk},
abstractNote = {Two-dimensional van der Waals materials have emerged as promising platforms for solid-state quantum information processing devices with unusual potential for heterogeneous assembly. Recently, bright and photostable single photon emitters were reported from atomic defects in layered hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), but controlling inhomogeneous spectral distribution and reducing multi-photon emission presented open challenges. Here, we demonstrate that strain control allows spectral tunability of hBN single photon emitters over 6 meV, and material processing sharply improves the single photon purity. We observe high single photon count rates exceeding 7 × 106 counts per second at saturation, after correcting for uncorrelated photon background. Furthermore, these emitters are stable to material transfer to other substrates. High-purity and photostable single photon emission at room temperature, together with spectral tunability and transferability, opens the door to scalable integration of high-quality quantum emitters in photonic quantum technologies.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-017-00810-2},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 31 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Effect of uniaxial stress on excitons in a self-assembled quantum dot
journal, May 2006

  • Seidl, Stefan; Kroner, Martin; Högele, Alexander
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 88, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2204843

Efficient pseudopotentials for plane-wave calculations. II. Operators for fast iterative diagonalization
journal, April 1991


Point defects in hexagonal boron nitride. I. EPR, thermoluminescence, and thermally-stimulated-current measurements
journal, March 1975


Solid-state single-photon emitters
journal, September 2016


Defect Control and n -Doping of Encapsulated Graphene by Helium-Ion-Beam Irradiation
journal, May 2015


Studies on the surface swelling of ion-irradiated silicon: Role of defects
journal, August 2005


Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple [Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3865 (1996)]
journal, February 1997


Efficient single photon emission from a high-purity hexagonal boron nitride crystal
journal, September 2016


Tunable Light–Matter Interaction and the Role of Hyperbolicity in Graphene–hBN System
journal, April 2015


Robust Multicolor Single Photon Emission from Point Defects in Hexagonal Boron Nitride
journal, July 2016

  • Tran, Toan Trong; Elbadawi, Christopher; Totonjian, Daniel
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 10, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.6b03602

Optical Signatures of Quantum Emitters in Suspended Hexagonal Boron Nitride
journal, February 2017

  • Exarhos, Annemarie L.; Hopper, David A.; Grote, Richard R.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 11, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b00665

The optical absorption and photoconductivity spectra of hexagonal boron nitride single crystals
journal, September 2005

  • Remes, Z.; Nesladek, M.; Haenen, K.
  • physica status solidi (a), Vol. 202, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/pssa.200561902

Van der Waals heterostructures
journal, July 2013

  • Geim, A. K.; Grigorieva, I. V.
  • Nature, Vol. 499, Issue 7459, p. 419-425
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12385

Atomically thin quantum light-emitting diodes
journal, September 2016

  • Palacios-Berraquero, Carmen; Barbone, Matteo; Kara, Dhiren M.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12978

Quantum emission from hexagonal boron nitride monolayers
journal, October 2015

  • Tran, Toan Trong; Bray, Kerem; Ford, Michael J.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 11, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2015.242

Bright UV Single Photon Emission at Point Defects in h -BN
journal, June 2016


Strain-Induced Spatial and Spectral Isolation of Quantum Emitters in Mono- and Bilayer WSe 2
journal, October 2015


The SIESTA method for ab initio order- N materials simulation
journal, March 2002

  • Soler, José M.; Artacho, Emilio; Gale, Julian D.
  • Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 14, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/14/11/302

Voltage-controlled quantum light from an atomically thin semiconductor
journal, May 2015

  • Chakraborty, Chitraleema; Kinnischtzke, Laura; Goodfellow, Kenneth M.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 10, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2015.79

Single-photon emission from localized excitons in an atomically thin semiconductor
journal, January 2015


Interpretation of Raman spectra of disordered and amorphous carbon
journal, May 2000


Photon antibunching in the fluorescence of individual color centers in diamond
journal, January 2000

  • Brouri, Rosa; Beveratos, Alexios; Poizat, Jean-Philippe
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 25, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.25.001294

Photonics and optoelectronics of 2D semiconductor transition metal dichalcogenides
journal, March 2016


Semiconductor to metal transition in bilayer phosphorene under normal compressive strain
journal, January 2015


Single quantum emitters in monolayer semiconductors
journal, May 2015

  • He, Yu-Ming; Clark, Genevieve; Schaibley, John R.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 10, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2015.75

Tuning Optical Conductivity of Large-Scale CVD Graphene by Strain Engineering
journal, December 2013


Structural Attributes and Photodynamics of Visible Spectrum Quantum Emitters in Hexagonal Boron Nitride
journal, October 2016


Large-scale quantum-emitter arrays in atomically thin semiconductors
journal, May 2017

  • Palacios-Berraquero, Carmen; Kara, Dhiren M.; Montblanch, Alejandro R. -P.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15093

Exceptional Tunability of Band Energy in a Compressively Strained Trilayer MoS 2 Sheet
journal, July 2013

  • Hui, Yeung Yu; Liu, Xiaofei; Jie, Wenjing
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 7, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn4024834

Effective Cleaning of Hexagonal Boron Nitride for Graphene Devices
journal, January 2012

  • Garcia, Andrei G. F.; Neumann, Michael; Amet, François
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl3011726

Single-Photon Nonlinear Optics with Graphene Plasmons
journal, December 2013


Characterization and manipulation of individual defects in insulating hexagonal boron nitride using scanning tunnelling microscopy
journal, August 2015


A single molecule as a high-fidelity photon gun for producing intensity-squeezed light
journal, December 2016

  • Chu, Xiao-Liu; Götzinger, Stephan; Sandoghdar, Vahid
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 11, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2016.236

Strain engineering in semiconducting two-dimensional crystals
journal, July 2015

  • Roldán, Rafael; Castellanos-Gomez, Andrés; Cappelluti, Emmanuele
  • Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 27, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/27/31/313201

Bandgap Engineering of Strained Monolayer and Bilayer MoS2
journal, July 2013

  • Conley, Hiram J.; Wang, Bin; Ziegler, Jed I.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 8, p. 3626-3630
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl4014748

Boron nitride substrates for high-quality graphene electronics
journal, August 2010

  • Dean, C. R.; Young, A. F.; Meric, I.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 5, Issue 10, p. 722-726
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.172

Single photon emitters in exfoliated WSe2 structures
journal, May 2015

  • Koperski, M.; Nogajewski, K.; Arora, A.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 10, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2015.67

Volume expansion of diamond during ion implantation
journal, December 1986


Optically active quantum dots in monolayer WSe2
journal, May 2015

  • Srivastava, Ajit; Sidler, Meinrad; Allain, Adrien V.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 10, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2015.60

Quantum Emission from Hexagonal Boron Nitride Monolayers
conference, January 2016

  • Tran, Toan Trong; Bray, Kerem; Ford, Michael J.
  • CLEO: QELS_Fundamental Science, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics
  • DOI: 10.1364/cleo_qels.2016.ftu4d.1

Large-scale quantum-emitter arrays in atomically thin semiconductors.
text, January 2017

  • Palacios-Berraquero, Carmen; Kara, Dhiren; Montblanch, Alejandro R-P
  • Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
  • DOI: 10.17863/cam.17415

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Quantum Materials with Atomic Precision: Artificial Atoms in Solids: Ab Initio Design, Control, and Integration of Single Photon Emitters in Artificial Quantum Materials
    journal, September 2019

    • Narang, Prineha; Ciccarino, Christopher J.; Flick, Johannes
    • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 52
    • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201904557

    Selective Defect Formation in Hexagonal Boron Nitride
    journal, May 2019


    Large Photothermal Effect in Sub-40 nm h-BN Nanostructures Patterned Via High-Resolution Ion Beam
    journal, April 2018


    Spin coherence in two-dimensional materials
    journal, April 2019


    Enhancing the brightness of electrically driven single-photon sources using color centers in silicon carbide
    journal, February 2018

    • Khramtsov, Igor A.; Vyshnevyy, Andrey A.; Fedyanin, Dmitry Yu.
    • npj Quantum Information, Vol. 4, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/s41534-018-0066-2

    Controlling the optical properties of carbon nanotubes with organic colour-centre quantum defects
    journal, June 2019

    • Brozena, Alexandra H.; Kim, Mijin; Powell, Lyndsey R.
    • Nature Reviews Chemistry, Vol. 3, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1038/s41570-019-0103-5

    Material platforms for spin-based photonic quantum technologies
    journal, April 2018


    Photonics with hexagonal boron nitride
    journal, July 2019

    • Caldwell, Joshua D.; Aharonovich, Igor; Cassabois, Guillaume
    • Nature Reviews Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1038/s41578-019-0124-1

    2D materials for quantum information science
    journal, August 2019


    Superior properties in room-temperature colloidal-dot quantum emitters revealed by ultralow-dark-count detections of temporally-purified single photons
    journal, November 2019


    Dynamically tuned non-classical light emission from atomic defects in hexagonal boron nitride
    journal, September 2019

    • Lazić, Snežana; Espinha, André; Pinilla Yanguas, Sergio
    • Communications Physics, Vol. 2, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/s42005-019-0217-6

    Atomic localization of quantum emitters in multilayer hexagonal boron nitride
    journal, January 2019

    • Vogl, Tobias; Doherty, Marcus W.; Buchler, Ben C.
    • Nanoscale, Vol. 11, Issue 30
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9nr04269e

    Defect creation in WSe 2 with a microsecond photoluminescence lifetime by focused ion beam irradiation
    journal, January 2020

    • Qian, Qingkai; Peng, Lintao; Perea-Lopez, Nestor
    • Nanoscale, Vol. 12, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9nr08390a

    Electrically tunable quantum emitters in an ultrathin graphene–hexagonal boron nitride van der Waals heterostructure
    journal, February 2019

    • Scavuzzo, Alessio; Mangel, Shai; Park, Ji-Hoon
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 114, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5067385

    Acoustically modulated optical emission of hexagonal boron nitride layers
    journal, April 2019

    • Iikawa, Fernando; Hernández-Mínguez, Alberto; Aharonovich, Igor
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 114, Issue 17
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5093299

    Suppression of spectral diffusion by anti-Stokes excitation of quantum emitters in hexagonal boron nitride
    journal, August 2019

    • Tran, Toan Trong; Bradac, Carlo; Solntsev, Alexander S.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 115, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5099631

    III–V compounds as single photon emitters
    journal, July 2019


    Flow modulation epitaxy of hexagonal boron nitride
    journal, August 2018


    Phonon-assisted emission and absorption of individual color centers in hexagonal boron nitride
    journal, April 2019

    • Wigger, Daniel; Schmidt, Robert; Del Pozo-Zamudio, Osvaldo
    • 2D Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1088/2053-1583/ab1188

    Oxidising and carburising catalyst conditioning for the controlled growth and transfer of large crystal monolayer hexagonal boron nitride
    journal, January 2020


    Realization of a causal-modeled delayed-choice experiment using single photons
    journal, July 2019


    Very Large and Reversible Stark-Shift Tuning of Single Emitters in Layered Hexagonal Boron Nitride
    journal, April 2019


    Carrier recombination mechanism at defects in wide band gap two-dimensional materials from first principles
    journal, August 2019


    Solid-state single photon source with Fourier transform limited lines at room temperature
    journal, February 2020


    Substrate effects on charged defects in two-dimensional materials
    journal, August 2019


    Shallow and deep levels in carbon-doped hexagonal boron nitride crystals
    journal, September 2019


    Electroluminescence from h-BN by using Al 2 O 3 /h-BN multiple heterostructure
    journal, January 2019

    • Lee, Seung Hee; Jeong, Hokyeong; Kim, Dong Yeong
    • Optics Express, Vol. 27, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1364/oe.27.019692

    Optical analysis of the refractive index and birefringence of hexagonal boron nitride from the visible to near-infrared
    journal, January 2019

    • Rah, Yoonhyuk; Jin, Yeonghoon; Kim, Sejeong
    • Optics Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1364/ol.44.003797

    Metal-dielectric nanoantenna for radiation control of a single-photon emitter
    journal, December 2019

    • Sun, Yali; Yaroshenko, Vitaly; Chebykin, Alexander
    • Optical Materials Express, Vol. 10, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1364/ome.10.000029

    Instabilities in nanodiamond nitrogen-vacancy centre single photon sources under prolonged pulsed excitation
    journal, January 2020

    • Aspinall, Jack; Adekanye, Sanmi O.; Brown, Imogen
    • Optical Materials Express, Vol. 10, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1364/ome.10.000332

    Modular system for fluorescence-based single photon generation using a retro-reflector
    journal, January 2019

    • Lim, Hee-Jin; Jeong, Kwang-Yong; Lee, Dong-Hoon
    • Optical Materials Express, Vol. 9, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1364/ome.9.004644

    Near-deterministic activation of room-temperature quantum emitters in hexagonal boron nitride
    journal, January 2018


    Rabi oscillations and resonance fluorescence from a single hexagonal boron nitride quantum emitter
    journal, January 2019

    • Konthasinghe, Kumarasiri; Chakraborty, Chitraleema; Mathur, Nikhil
    • Optica, Vol. 6, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1364/optica.6.000542

    Direct measurement of quantum efficiency of single-photon emitters in hexagonal boron nitride
    journal, January 2019


    Purification of single-photon emission from hBN using post-processing treatments
    journal, July 2019


    New insights into nonclassical light emission from defects in multi-layer hexagonal boron nitride
    journal, July 2019


    Advances in quantum light emission from 2D materials
    journal, August 2019

    • Chakraborty, Chitraleema; Vamivakas, Nick; Englund, Dirk
    • Nanophotonics, Vol. 8, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1515/nanoph-2019-0140

    Quantum defects by design
    journal, October 2019

    • Bassett, Lee C.; Alkauskas, Audrius; Exarhos, Annemarie L.
    • Nanophotonics, Vol. 8, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1515/nanoph-2019-0211

    Oxidising and carburising catalyst conditioning for the controlled growth and transfer of large crystal monolayer hexagonal boron nitride
    text, January 2020

    • Babenko, Vitaly; Fan, Ye; Veigang-Radulescu, Vp
    • Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
    • DOI: 10.17863/cam.54994