skip to main content


Title: Interface Energy Coupling between β-tungsten Nanofilm and Few-layered Graphene

We report the thermal conductance induced by few-layered graphene (G) sandwiched between β-phase tungsten (β-W) films of 15, 30 and 40 nm thickness. Our differential characterization is able to distinguish the thermal conductance of β-W film and β-W/G interface. The cross-plane thermal conductivity (k) of β-W films is determined at 1.69~2.41 Wm -1K -1 which is much smaller than that of α-phase tungsten (174 Wm -1K -1). This small value is consistent with the large electrical resistivity reported for β-W in literatures and in this work. The β-W/β-W and β-W/G interface thermal conductance (GW/W and GW/G) are characterized and compared using multilayered β-W films with and without sandwiched graphene layers. The average GW/W is found to be at 280 MW m -2K -1. GW/G features strong variation from sample to sample, and has a lower-limit of 84 MW m -2K -1, taking into consideration of the uncertainties. This is attributed to possible graphene structure damage and variation during graphene transfer and W sputtering. The difference between G2W/G and GW/W uncovers the finite thermal resistance induced by the graphene layer. Compared with up-to-date reported graphene interface thermal conductance, the β-W/G interface is at the high end in terms of local energymore » coupling.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Wuhan Univ. (China)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
EE0007686; NE0000671
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: