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Title: A Study of the Gamma-Ray Burst Fundamental Plane

Abstract

Long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) with a plateau phase in their X-ray afterglows obey a 3D relation, between the rest-frame time at the end of the plateau, T a, its corresponding X-ray luminosity, L a, and the peak luminosity in the prompt emission, L peak. This 3D relation identifies a GRB fundamental plane whose existence we here confirm. Here we include the most recent GRBs observed by Swift to define a "gold sample" (45 GRBs) and obtain an intrinsic scatter about the plane compatible within 1σ with the previous result. We compare GRB categories, such as short GRBs with extended emission (SEE), X-ray flashes, GRBs associated with supernovae, a sample of only long-duration GRBs (132), selected from the total sample by excluding GRBs of the previous categories, and the gold sample, composed by GRBs with light curves with good data coverage and relatively flat plateaus. We find that the relation planes for each of these categories are not statistically different from the gold fundamental plane, with the exception of the SSE, which are hence identified as a physically distinct class. The gold fundamental plane has an intrinsic scatter smaller than any plane derived from the other sample categories. Thus, the distancemore » of any particular GRB category from this plane becomes a key parameter. We computed the several category planes with T a as a dependent parameter obtaining for each category smaller intrinsic scatters (reaching a reduction of 24% for the long GRBs). The fundamental plane is independent from several prompt and afterglow parameters.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [5];  [6]
  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics & Astronomy; Jagiellonian Univ., Krakow (Poland). Obserwatorium Astronomiczne; Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF), Bologna (Italy). Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica cosmica
  2. Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City (Mexico). Inst. de Astronomia
  3. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States). Center for Exploration of Energy and Matter
  4. Inst. of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Wako (Japan)
  5. Univ. of Leicester (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics & Astronomy
  6. San Jose State Univ., San Jose, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics & Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); European Union (EU)
OSTI Identifier:
1425896
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 848; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma-ray burst: general; methods: statistical

Citation Formats

Dainotti, M. G., Hernandez, X., Postnikov, S., Nagataki, S., O’brien, P., Willingale, R., and Striegel, S. A Study of the Gamma-Ray Burst Fundamental Plane. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8a6b.
Dainotti, M. G., Hernandez, X., Postnikov, S., Nagataki, S., O’brien, P., Willingale, R., & Striegel, S. A Study of the Gamma-Ray Burst Fundamental Plane. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8a6b.
Dainotti, M. G., Hernandez, X., Postnikov, S., Nagataki, S., O’brien, P., Willingale, R., and Striegel, S. Tue . "A Study of the Gamma-Ray Burst Fundamental Plane". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa8a6b. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1425896.
@article{osti_1425896,
title = {A Study of the Gamma-Ray Burst Fundamental Plane},
author = {Dainotti, M. G. and Hernandez, X. and Postnikov, S. and Nagataki, S. and O’brien, P. and Willingale, R. and Striegel, S.},
abstractNote = {Long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) with a plateau phase in their X-ray afterglows obey a 3D relation, between the rest-frame time at the end of the plateau, T a, its corresponding X-ray luminosity, L a, and the peak luminosity in the prompt emission, L peak. This 3D relation identifies a GRB fundamental plane whose existence we here confirm. Here we include the most recent GRBs observed by Swift to define a "gold sample" (45 GRBs) and obtain an intrinsic scatter about the plane compatible within 1σ with the previous result. We compare GRB categories, such as short GRBs with extended emission (SEE), X-ray flashes, GRBs associated with supernovae, a sample of only long-duration GRBs (132), selected from the total sample by excluding GRBs of the previous categories, and the gold sample, composed by GRBs with light curves with good data coverage and relatively flat plateaus. We find that the relation planes for each of these categories are not statistically different from the gold fundamental plane, with the exception of the SSE, which are hence identified as a physically distinct class. The gold fundamental plane has an intrinsic scatter smaller than any plane derived from the other sample categories. Thus, the distance of any particular GRB category from this plane becomes a key parameter. We computed the several category planes with T a as a dependent parameter obtaining for each category smaller intrinsic scatters (reaching a reduction of 24% for the long GRBs). The fundamental plane is independent from several prompt and afterglow parameters.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aa8a6b},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 848,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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