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Title: Observation of Third-order Nonlinearities in Graphene Oxide Film at Telecommunication Wavelengths

All-optical switches have been considered as a promising solution to overcome the fundamental speed limit of the current electronic switches. However, the lack of a suitable third-order nonlinear material greatly hinders the development of this technology. Here in this paper we report the observation of ultrahigh third-order nonlinearity about 0.45 cm 2/GW in graphene oxide thin films at the telecommunication wavelength region, which is four orders of magnitude higher than that of single crystalline silicon. Besides, graphene oxide is water soluble and thus easy to process due to the existence of oxygen containing groups. These unique properties can potentially significantly advance the performance of alloptical switches.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [4] ;  [5] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [6]
  1. Omega Optics, Inc., Austin, TX (United States)
  2. Swinburne Univ. of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC (Australia)
  3. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  4. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Texas Materials Inst., Materials Science and Engineering Program
  5. Omega Optics, Inc., Austin, TX (United States); Boise State Univ., ID (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  6. Omega Optics, Inc., Austin, TX (United States); Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0013178
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Omega Optics, Inc., Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; Australian Research Council (ARC); Defense Science Institute Australia
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; Materials for optics; Optical materials and structures
OSTI Identifier:
1425666

Xu, Xiaochuan, Zheng, Xiaorui, He, Feng, Wang, Zheng, Subbaraman, Harish, Wang, Yaguo, Jia, Baohua, and Chen, Ray T. Observation of Third-order Nonlinearities in Graphene Oxide Film at Telecommunication Wavelengths. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-09583-6.
Xu, Xiaochuan, Zheng, Xiaorui, He, Feng, Wang, Zheng, Subbaraman, Harish, Wang, Yaguo, Jia, Baohua, & Chen, Ray T. Observation of Third-order Nonlinearities in Graphene Oxide Film at Telecommunication Wavelengths. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-09583-6.
Xu, Xiaochuan, Zheng, Xiaorui, He, Feng, Wang, Zheng, Subbaraman, Harish, Wang, Yaguo, Jia, Baohua, and Chen, Ray T. 2017. "Observation of Third-order Nonlinearities in Graphene Oxide Film at Telecommunication Wavelengths". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-09583-6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1425666.
@article{osti_1425666,
title = {Observation of Third-order Nonlinearities in Graphene Oxide Film at Telecommunication Wavelengths},
author = {Xu, Xiaochuan and Zheng, Xiaorui and He, Feng and Wang, Zheng and Subbaraman, Harish and Wang, Yaguo and Jia, Baohua and Chen, Ray T.},
abstractNote = {All-optical switches have been considered as a promising solution to overcome the fundamental speed limit of the current electronic switches. However, the lack of a suitable third-order nonlinear material greatly hinders the development of this technology. Here in this paper we report the observation of ultrahigh third-order nonlinearity about 0.45 cm2/GW in graphene oxide thin films at the telecommunication wavelength region, which is four orders of magnitude higher than that of single crystalline silicon. Besides, graphene oxide is water soluble and thus easy to process due to the existence of oxygen containing groups. These unique properties can potentially significantly advance the performance of alloptical switches.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-017-09583-6},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Graphene and Graphene Oxide: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications
journal, June 2010
  • Zhu, Yanwu; Murali, Shanthi; Cai, Weiwei
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 35, p. 3906-3924
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201001068

Preparation of Graphitic Oxide
journal, March 1958
  • Hummers, William S.; Offeman, Richard E.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 80, Issue 6, p. 1339-1339
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja01539a017