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This content will become publicly available on September 29, 2018

Title: Fluctuations of the gluon distribution from the small- x effective action

The computation of observables in high-energy QCD involves an average over stochastic semiclassical small-x gluon fields. The weight of various configurations is determined by the effective action. We introduce a method to study fluctuations of observables, functionals of the small-x fields, which does not explicitly involve dipoles. We integrate out those fluctuations of the semiclassical gluon field under which a given observable is invariant. Thereby we obtain the effective potential for that observable describing its fluctuations about the average. Here, we determine explicitly the effective potential for the covariant gauge gluon distribution both for the McLerran-Venugopalan (MV) model and for a (nonlocal) Gaussian approximation for the small-x effective action. This provides insight into the correlation of fluctuations of the number of hard gluons versus their typical transverse momentum. We find that the spectral shape of the fluctuations of the gluon distribution is fundamentally different in the MV model, where there is a pileup of gluons near the saturation scale, versus the solution of the small-x JIMWLK renormalization group, which generates essentially scale-invariant fluctuations above the absorptive boundary set by the saturation scale.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. City Univ. (CUNY), NY (United States). Baruch College. Dept. of Natural Science, and The Graduate School and Univ. Center
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). RIKEN Research Center
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
RBRC-1238; BNL-203300-2018-JAAM; RBRC-1233; BNL-200010-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704; FG02-09ER41620; SC0002307
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); RIKEN
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS
OSTI Identifier:
1425493
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1395593