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Title: Camelina Seed Yield and Fatty Acids as Influenced by Genotype and Environment

Camelina (Camelina sativa L. Crantz) is an alternative oilseed crop with potential for fallow replacement in dryland cereal-based crop production systems in the semiarid Great Plains. The interaction between genotype and environment was investigated on camelina seed yield, oil content, and fatty acid composition across two locations in the U.S. Great Plains. Treatments were three spring camelina genotypes (cultivars Blaine Creek, Pronghorn, and Shoshone), three growing seasons (2013, 2014, and 2015) and two locations (at Hays, KS, and Moccasin, MT). Our results showed camelina grown at Hays yielded 54% less than that at Moccasin. Blaine Creek yielded 17 and 42% more than Pronghorn and Shoshone at Hays but yields were not different among genotypes at Moccasin. Oil content ranged from 262 g kg -1 at Hays to 359 g kg -1 at Moccasin. The proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) ranged from 51% at Hays to 55% at Moccasin, whereas monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and saturated fatty acid (SFA) contents were greater at Hays. The linolenic acid content ranged from 26% when Pronghorn was planted at Hays to 35% when planted at Moccasin. In general, the variations in seed yield and fatty acid profile corresponded well with growing season precipitationmore » and temperatures at each environment.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Kansas State Univ., Hays, KS (United States). Agricultural Research Center-Hays
  2. Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States). Agronomy Dept.
  3. Montana State Univ., Moccasin, MT (United States). Central Agricultural Research Center
  4. Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States). Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics
  5. Montana State Univ., Moccasin, MT (United States). Dept. of Research Centers
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012459; 2012-10006-20230; 16-322-J
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Agronomy Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 109; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-1962
Alliance of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Science Societies
Research Org:
Kansas State University, Hays, KS, USA
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); USDA National Inst. of Food and Agriculture (NIFA)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: