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Title: Effects of urban debris material on the extraction chromatographic separation of strontium: Part II: cement and concrete

Abstract

The majority of radiochemical separation schemes available have been developed for environmental samples that are not necessarily representative of those found in an urban environment. However, it is much more likely that an incident involving a radiation dispersal device (RDD) would occur in an urban or metropolitan area. It is unclear if the currently available separation schemes would be effective in such an event. It is therefore important to determine if the current schemes would be adequate, or to find efficient and accurate ways to separate radiological material from urban debris. One important radiological material that could be used in an RDD is 90Sr. Part I of this work investigated the effects steel had on strontium separations, while this work investigates cement and concrete. This research demonstrates that the individual elements present in a cement and concrete sample matrix can give rise to significant interferences with extraction chromatographic separations. In conclusion, solutions of the constituents mixed in representative ratios; however, show fewer problems

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States)
  3. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Homeland Security (DHS); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1425285
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-06CH11357; 2012-DN-130-NF0001]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 314; Journal Issue: 3]; Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Cement; RDD; Concrete; Extraction chromatography; Interference effects; Quantification; Strontium

Citation Formats

McLain, Derek R., Liu, Christine, and Sudowe, Ralf. Effects of urban debris material on the extraction chromatographic separation of strontium: Part II: cement and concrete. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/s10967-017-5609-z.
McLain, Derek R., Liu, Christine, & Sudowe, Ralf. Effects of urban debris material on the extraction chromatographic separation of strontium: Part II: cement and concrete. United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-017-5609-z.
McLain, Derek R., Liu, Christine, and Sudowe, Ralf. Thu . "Effects of urban debris material on the extraction chromatographic separation of strontium: Part II: cement and concrete". United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-017-5609-z. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1425285.
@article{osti_1425285,
title = {Effects of urban debris material on the extraction chromatographic separation of strontium: Part II: cement and concrete},
author = {McLain, Derek R. and Liu, Christine and Sudowe, Ralf},
abstractNote = {The majority of radiochemical separation schemes available have been developed for environmental samples that are not necessarily representative of those found in an urban environment. However, it is much more likely that an incident involving a radiation dispersal device (RDD) would occur in an urban or metropolitan area. It is unclear if the currently available separation schemes would be effective in such an event. It is therefore important to determine if the current schemes would be adequate, or to find efficient and accurate ways to separate radiological material from urban debris. One important radiological material that could be used in an RDD is 90Sr. Part I of this work investigated the effects steel had on strontium separations, while this work investigates cement and concrete. This research demonstrates that the individual elements present in a cement and concrete sample matrix can give rise to significant interferences with extraction chromatographic separations. In conclusion, solutions of the constituents mixed in representative ratios; however, show fewer problems},
doi = {10.1007/s10967-017-5609-z},
journal = {Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry},
number = [3],
volume = [314],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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