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Title: Stabilizing CuPd Nanoparticles via CuPd Coupling to WO 2.72 Nanorods in Electrochemical Oxidation of Formic Acid

Stabilizing a 3d-transition metal component M from an MPd alloy structure in an acidic environment is key to the enhancement of MPd catalysis for various reactions. Here we show a strategy to stabilize Cu in 5 nm CuPd nanoparticles (NPs) by coupling the CuPd NPs with perovskite-type WO 2.72 nanorods (NRs). The CuPd NPs are prepared by controlled diffusion of Cu into Pd NPs and the coupled CuPd/WO 2.72 are synthesized by growing WO 2.72 NRs in the presence of CuPd NPs. The CuPd/WO 2.72 can stabilize Cu in 0.1 M HClO4 solution and, as a result, they show Cu, Pd composition dependent activity for the electrochemical oxidation of formic acid in 0.1 M HClO 4 + 0.1 M HCOOH. Among three different CuPd/WO 2.72 studied, the Cu 48Pd 52/WO 2.72 is the most efficient catalyst with its mass activity reaching 2086 mA/mgPd in a broad potential range of 0.40 to 0.80 V (vs. RHE) and staying at this value after the 12 h chronoamperometry test at 0.40 V. The synthesis can be extended to obtain other MPd/WO 2.72 (M = Fe, Co, Ni), making it possible to study MPd-WO 2.72 interactions and MPd stabilization on enhancing MPd catalysis formore » various chemical reactions.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [3] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-114858-2017-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 139; Journal Issue: 42; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 42 ENGINEERING
OSTI Identifier:
1425019