skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Localizing gravitational wave sources with single-baseline atom interferometers

Abstract

Localizing sources on the sky is crucial for realizing the full potential of gravitational waves for astronomy, astrophysics, and cosmology. Here in this paper, we show that the midfrequency band, roughly 0.03 to 10 Hz, has significant potential for angular localization. The angular location is measured through the changing Doppler shift as the detector orbits the Sun. This band maximizes the effect since these are the highest frequencies in which sources live for several months. Atom interferometer detectors can observe in the midfrequency band, and even with just a single baseline they can exploit this effect for sensitive angular localization. The single-baseline orbits around the Earth and the Sun, causing it to reorient and change position significantly during the lifetime of the source, and making it similar to having multiple baselines/detectors. For example, atomic detectors could predict the location of upcoming black hole or neutron star merger events with sufficient accuracy to allow optical and other electromagnetic telescopes to observe these events simultaneously. Thus, midband atomic detectors are complementary to other gravitational wave detectors and will help complete the observation of a broad range of the gravitational spectrum.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Stanford Inst. for Theoretical Physics, Dept. of Physics
  2. Seoul National Univ. (Korea, Republic of). Center for Theoretical Physics, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1424722
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1418876
Grant/Contract Number:  
PHY-1720397; SC0012012; AC02-76SF00515; 2017R1D1A1B03030820
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Gravitational wave detection; Gravitational waves

Citation Formats

Graham, Peter W., and Jung, Sunghoon. Localizing gravitational wave sources with single-baseline atom interferometers. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevd.97.024052.
Graham, Peter W., & Jung, Sunghoon. Localizing gravitational wave sources with single-baseline atom interferometers. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevd.97.024052.
Graham, Peter W., and Jung, Sunghoon. Wed . "Localizing gravitational wave sources with single-baseline atom interferometers". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevd.97.024052. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1424722.
@article{osti_1424722,
title = {Localizing gravitational wave sources with single-baseline atom interferometers},
author = {Graham, Peter W. and Jung, Sunghoon},
abstractNote = {Localizing sources on the sky is crucial for realizing the full potential of gravitational waves for astronomy, astrophysics, and cosmology. Here in this paper, we show that the midfrequency band, roughly 0.03 to 10 Hz, has significant potential for angular localization. The angular location is measured through the changing Doppler shift as the detector orbits the Sun. This band maximizes the effect since these are the highest frequencies in which sources live for several months. Atom interferometer detectors can observe in the midfrequency band, and even with just a single baseline they can exploit this effect for sensitive angular localization. The single-baseline orbits around the Earth and the Sun, causing it to reorient and change position significantly during the lifetime of the source, and making it similar to having multiple baselines/detectors. For example, atomic detectors could predict the location of upcoming black hole or neutron star merger events with sufficient accuracy to allow optical and other electromagnetic telescopes to observe these events simultaneously. Thus, midband atomic detectors are complementary to other gravitational wave detectors and will help complete the observation of a broad range of the gravitational spectrum.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevd.97.024052},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 2,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Ultrahigh precision cosmology from gravitational waves
journal, November 2009


Optical atomic clocks
journal, June 2015


Did LIGO Detect Dark Matter?
journal, May 2016


Every Interacting Double White Dwarf Binary may Merge
journal, May 2015


New Method for Gravitational Wave Detection with Atomic Sensors
journal, April 2013


GW150914: The Advanced LIGO Detectors in the Era of First Discoveries
journal, March 2016


Science with the space-based interferometer eLISA: Supermassive black hole binaries
journal, January 2016


Subtraction of Newtonian noise using optimized sensor arrays
journal, November 2012


Properties of the Binary Black Hole Merger GW150914
journal, June 2016


Newtonian-noise cancellation in full-tensor gravitational-wave detectors
journal, July 2015


GW151226: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a 22-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence
journal, June 2016


Beyond LISA: Exploring future gravitational wave missions
journal, October 2005


Resonant mode for gravitational wave detectors based on atom interferometry
journal, November 2016


Gravitational wave detection with atom interferometry
journal, July 2009


The last three minutes: Issues in gravitational-wave measurements of coalescing compact binaries
journal, May 1993


Angular resolution of the LISA gravitational wave detector
journal, June 1998


Merger of white dwarf-neutron star binaries: Prelude to hydrodynamic simulations in general relativity
journal, July 2009

  • Paschalidis, Vasileios; MacLeod, Morgan; Baumgarte, Thomas W.
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 80, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.80.024006

Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger
journal, February 2016


Role of atoms in atomic gravitational-wave detectors
journal, October 2017


Exploring Short Gamma-Ray Bursts as Gravitational-Wave Standard Sirens
journal, November 2010


GW170104: Observation of a 50-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence at Redshift 0.2
journal, June 2017


Primordial Black Hole Scenario for the Gravitational-Wave Event GW150914
journal, August 2016


Seismic gravity-gradient noise in interferometric gravitational-wave detectors
journal, November 1998


Exploring the sensitivity of next generation gravitational wave detectors
journal, January 2017

  • Abbott, B. P.; Abbott, R.; Abbott, T. D.
  • Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 34, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6382/aa51f4

Tests of General Relativity with GW150914
journal, May 2016


Atomic gravitational wave interferometric sensor
journal, December 2008


An atomic gravitational wave interferometric sensor in low earth orbit (AGIS-LEO)
journal, May 2011

  • Hogan, Jason M.; Johnson, David M. S.; Dickerson, Susannah
  • General Relativity and Gravitation, Vol. 43, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10714-011-1182-x

Merger of binary white dwarf–neutron stars: Simulations in full general relativity
journal, November 2011


Low-frequency terrestrial gravitational-wave detectors
journal, December 2013


Gravitational wave detection with optical lattice atomic clocks
journal, December 2016


Atom-interferometric gravitational-wave detection using heterodyne laser links
journal, September 2016


Low frequency gravitational wave detection with ground-based atom interferometer arrays
journal, January 2016


Gravitational wave detection with single-laser atom interferometers
journal, July 2010


Prospects for Multiband Gravitational-Wave Astronomy after GW150914
journal, June 2016


Prospects for Observing and Localizing Gravitational-Wave Transients with Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo
journal, February 2016

  • Abbott, B. P.; Abbott, R.; Abbott, T. D.
  • Living Reviews in Relativity, Vol. 19, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/lrr-2016-1

Terrestrial Gravity Fluctuations
journal, December 2015


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Exploring gravity with the MIGA large scale atom interferometer
    journal, September 2018