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Title: Diffusion of aromatic hydrocarbons in hierarchical mesoporous H-ZSM-5 zeolite

Hierarchical mesoporous zeolites exhibit higher catalytic activities and longer lifetime compared to the traditional microporous zeolites due to improved diffusivity of substrate molecules and their enhanced access to the zeolite active sites. Understanding diffusion of biomass pyrolysis vapors and their upgraded products in such materials is fundamentally important during catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP) of lignocellulosic biomass, since diffusion makes major contribution to determine shape selectivity and product distribution. However, diffusivities of biomass relevant species in hierarchical mesoporous zeolites are poorly characterized, primarily due to the limitations of the available experimental technology. In this work, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are utilized to investigate the diffusivities of several selected coke precursor molecules, benzene, naphthalene, and anthracene, in hierarchical mesoporous H-ZSM-5 zeolite. The effects of temperature and size of mesopores on the diffusivity of the chosen model compounds are examined. The simulation results demonstrate that diffusion within the microspores as well as on the external surface of mesoporous H-ZSM-5 dominates only at low temperature. At pyrolysis relevant temperatures, mass transfer is essentially conducted via diffusion along the mesopores. Furthermore, the results illustrate the heuristic diffusion model, such as the extensively used Knudsen diffusion, overestimates the diffusion of bulky molecules in the mesopores, thusmore » making MD simulation a powerful and compulsory approach to explore diffusion in zeolites.« less
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  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0920-5861; TRN: US1801924
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Catalysis Today
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 312; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0920-5861
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
Country of Publication:
United States
09 BIOMASS FUELS; diffusion; mesoporous zeolite; H-ZSM-5; molecular dynamics; coke precursor; Knudsen diffusion
OSTI Identifier: