skip to main content


This content will become publicly available on January 24, 2019

Title: Correlated prompt fission data in transport simulations

Detailed information on the fission process can be inferred from the observation, modeling and theoretical understanding of prompt fission neutron and γ-ray observables. Beyond simple average quantities, the study of distributions and correlations in prompt data, e.g., multiplicity-dependent neutron and γ-ray spectra, angular distributions of the emitted particles, n -n, n - γ, and γ - γ correlations, can place stringent constraints on fission models and parameters that would otherwise be free to be tuned separately to represent individual fission observables. The FREYA and CGMF codes have been developed to follow the sequential emissions of prompt neutrons and γ rays from the initial excited fission fragments produced right after scission. Both codes implement Monte Carlo techniques to sample initial fission fragment configurations in mass, charge and kinetic energy and sample probabilities of neutron and γ emission at each stage of the decay. This approach naturally leads to using simple but powerful statistical techniques to infer distributions and correlations among many observables and model parameters. The comparison of model calculations with experimental data provides a rich arena for testing various nuclear physics models such as those related to the nuclear structure and level densities of neutron-rich nuclei, the γ-ray strength functionsmore » of dipole and quadrupole transitions, the mechanism for dividing the excitation energy between the two nascent fragments near scission, and the mechanisms behind the production of angular momentum in the fragments, etc. Beyond the obvious interest from a fundamental physics point of view, such studies are also important for addressing data needs in various nuclear applications. The inclusion of the FREYA and CGMF codes into the MCNP6.2 and MCNPX - PoliMi transport codes, for instance, provides a new and powerful tool to simulate correlated fission events in neutron transport calculations important in nonproliferation, safeguards, nuclear energy, and defense programs. Here, this review provides an overview of the topic, starting from theoretical considerations of the fission process, with a focus on correlated signatures. It then explores the status of experimental correlated fission data and current efforts to address some of the known shortcomings. Numerical simulations employing the FREYA and CGMF codes are compared to experimental data for a wide range of correlated fission quantities. The inclusion of those codes into the MCNP6.2 and MCNPX - PoliMi transport codes is described and discussed in the context of relevant applications. The accuracy of the model predictions and their sensitivity to model assumptions and input parameters are discussed. Lastly, a series of important experimental and theoretical questions that remain unanswered are presented, suggesting a renewed effort to address these shortcomings.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [6] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [7] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Nuclear & Chemical Sciences Division; Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Physics Dept.
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences
  5. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Physics Dept.
  6. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Univ. of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Applied Physics
  7. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Nuclear & Chemical Sciences Division
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-738697; LA-UR-17-28181
Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6001; TRN: US1801903
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344; AC02-05CH11231; AC52-06NA25396
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 54; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6001
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Molecular, Atomic and Nuclear Physics; Monte Carlo transport simulations; Nuclear fission
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1438112