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Title: Barnacles and gravity

Theories with more than one vacuum allow quantum transitions between them, which may proceed via bubble nucleation; theories with more than two vacua posses additional decay modes in which the wall of a bubble may further decay. The instantons which mediate such a process have O(3) symmetry (in four dimensions, rather than the usual O(4) symmetry of homogeneous vacuum decay), and have been called ‘barnacles’; previously they have been studied in flat space, in the thin wall limit, and this paper extends the analysis to include gravity. It is found that there are regions of parameter space in which, given an initial bubble, barnacles are the favoured subsequent decay process, and that the inclusion of gravity can enlarge this region. The relation to other heterogeneous vacuum decay scenarios, as well as some of the phenomenological implications of barnacles are briefly discussed.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
sc0009999
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Research Org:
Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; Classical Theories of Gravity; Solitons Monopoles and Instantons
OSTI Identifier:
1424007