skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Spin precession experiments for light axionic dark matter

Abstract

Axionlike particles are promising candidates to make up the dark matter of the Universe, but it is challenging to design experiments that can detect them over their entire allowed mass range. Dark matter in general, and, in particular, axionlike particles and hidden photons, can be as light as roughly 10-22 eV (~10-8 Hz), with astrophysical anomalies providing motivation for the lightest masses (“fuzzy dark matter”). We propose experimental techniques for direct detection of axionlike dark matter in the mass range from roughly 10-13 eV (~102 Hz) down to the lowest possible masses. In this range, these axionlike particles act as a time-oscillating magnetic field coupling only to spin, inducing effects such as a timeoscillating torque and periodic variations in the spin-precession frequency with the frequency and direction of these effects set by the axion field. We describe how these signals can be measured using existing experimental technology, including torsion pendulums, atomic magnetometers, and atom interferometry. These experiments demonstrate a strong discovery capability, with future iterations of these experiments capable of pushing several orders of magnitude past current astrophysical bounds.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1423714
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1503887
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012012
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 97 Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Graham, Peter W., Kaplan, David E., Mardon, Jeremy, Rajendran, Surjeet, Terrano, William A., Trahms, Lutz, and Wilkason, Thomas. Spin precession experiments for light axionic dark matter. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.055006.
Graham, Peter W., Kaplan, David E., Mardon, Jeremy, Rajendran, Surjeet, Terrano, William A., Trahms, Lutz, & Wilkason, Thomas. Spin precession experiments for light axionic dark matter. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.055006.
Graham, Peter W., Kaplan, David E., Mardon, Jeremy, Rajendran, Surjeet, Terrano, William A., Trahms, Lutz, and Wilkason, Thomas. Mon . "Spin precession experiments for light axionic dark matter". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.055006.
@article{osti_1423714,
title = {Spin precession experiments for light axionic dark matter},
author = {Graham, Peter W. and Kaplan, David E. and Mardon, Jeremy and Rajendran, Surjeet and Terrano, William A. and Trahms, Lutz and Wilkason, Thomas},
abstractNote = {Axionlike particles are promising candidates to make up the dark matter of the Universe, but it is challenging to design experiments that can detect them over their entire allowed mass range. Dark matter in general, and, in particular, axionlike particles and hidden photons, can be as light as roughly 10-22 eV (~10-8 Hz), with astrophysical anomalies providing motivation for the lightest masses (“fuzzy dark matter”). We propose experimental techniques for direct detection of axionlike dark matter in the mass range from roughly 10-13 eV (~102 Hz) down to the lowest possible masses. In this range, these axionlike particles act as a time-oscillating magnetic field coupling only to spin, inducing effects such as a timeoscillating torque and periodic variations in the spin-precession frequency with the frequency and direction of these effects set by the axion field. We describe how these signals can be measured using existing experimental technology, including torsion pendulums, atomic magnetometers, and atom interferometry. These experiments demonstrate a strong discovery capability, with future iterations of these experiments capable of pushing several orders of magnitude past current astrophysical bounds.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.97.055006},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 5,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.97.055006

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Searching for dilaton dark matter with atomic clocks
journal, January 2015


The not-so-harmless axion
journal, January 1983


Hidden sector photon coupling of resonant cavities
journal, June 2013


Can Dark Matter Induce Cosmological Evolution of the Fundamental Constants of Nature?
journal, November 2015


New Limit on Lorentz-Invariance- and C P T -Violating Neutron Spin Interactions Using a Free-Spin-Precession He 3 - Xe 129 Comagnetometer
journal, March 2014


Cosmology of the invisible axion
journal, January 1983


Search for Axionlike Dark Matter through Nuclear Spin Precession in Electric and Magnetic Fields
journal, November 2017


Improved limits on interactions of low-mass spin-0 dark matter from atomic clock spectroscopy
journal, August 2016


Axion dark matter detection with cold molecules
journal, September 2011


Dark Matter Detectors as Dark Photon Helioscopes
journal, July 2013


Direct detection constraints on dark photon dark matter
journal, July 2015


Proposal for Axion Dark Matter Detection Using an L C Circuit
journal, March 2014


An ultra-sensitive and wideband magnetometer based on a superconducting quantum interference device
journal, February 2017

  • Storm, Jan-Hendrik; Hömmen, Peter; Drung, Dietmar
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 110, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4976823

Experimental Tests of the "Invisible" Axion
journal, October 1983


A model for halo formation with axion mixed dark matter
journal, November 2013

  • Marsh, David J. E.; Silk, Joseph
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 437, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt2079

Can confinement ensure natural CP invariance of strong interactions?
journal, April 1980


Problem of Strong P and T Invariance in the Presence of Instantons
journal, January 1978


A simple solution to the strong CP problem with a harmless axion
journal, August 1981


Resonantly Detecting Axion-Mediated Forces with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
journal, October 2014


Sound of Dark Matter: Searching for Light Scalars with Resonant-Mass Detectors
journal, January 2016


A search for ultralight axions using precision cosmological data
journal, May 2015


Gravitational instability of scalar fields and formation of primordial black holes
journal, August 1985

  • Khlopov, M. Y.; Malomed, B. A.; Zeldovich, Y. B.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 215, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/215.4.575

Extracting hidden-photon dark matter from an LC-circuit
journal, July 2015


Searching for an Oscillating Massive Scalar Field as a Dark Matter Candidate Using Atomic Hyperfine Frequency Comparisons
journal, August 2016


Single mechanism for generating large-scale structure and providing dark missing matter
journal, March 1990


String axiverse
journal, June 2010


Experimental Tests of the "Invisible" Axion
journal, February 1984


Design and performance of the ADMX SQUID-based microwave receiver
journal, November 2011

  • Asztalos, S. J.; Carosi, G.; Hagmann, C.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 656, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2011.07.019

Proposal for a Cosmic Axion Spin Precession Experiment (CASPEr)
journal, May 2014


Limits on Exotic Long-Range Spin-Spin Interactions of Electrons
journal, October 2013


Limit on Lorentz and C P T violation of the bound neutron using a free precession He 3 / Xe 129 comagnetometer
journal, December 2010


Measurement noise 100 times lower than the quantum-projection limit using entangled atoms
journal, January 2016

  • Hosten, Onur; Engelsen, Nils J.; Krishnakumar, Rajiv
  • Nature, Vol. 529, Issue 7587
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature16176

First results of the CERN Resonant Weakly Interacting sub-eV Particle Search (CROWS)
journal, October 2013


Microwave cavity light shining through a wall optimization and experiment
journal, September 2010


Constraints imposed by CP conservation in the presence of pseudoparticles
journal, September 1977


Searching for WISPy cold dark matter with a dish antenna
journal, April 2013

  • Horns, Dieter; Jaeckel, Joerg; Lindner, Axel
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 04
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2013/04/016

Preferred-frame and C P -violation tests with polarized electrons
journal, November 2008


The shell model as a unified view of nuclear structure
journal, June 2005


Broadband and Resonant Approaches to Axion Dark Matter Detection
journal, September 2016


CP Conservation in the Presence of Pseudoparticles
journal, June 1977


Search for Ultralight Scalar Dark Matter with Atomic Spectroscopy
journal, June 2015


Brief History of Ultra-light Scalar Dark Matter Models
journal, January 2018


Weak-Interaction Singlet and Strong CP Invariance
journal, July 1979


A Direct Empirical Proof of the Existence of Dark Matter
journal, August 2006

  • Clowe, Douglas; Bradač, Maruša; Gonzalez, Anthony H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 648, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/508162

Axions in string theory
journal, June 2006


SQUID-Based Microwave Cavity Search for Dark-Matter Axions
journal, January 2010


Search for Hidden Sector Photons with the ADMX Detector
journal, October 2010


New observables for direct detection of axion dark matter
journal, August 2013


Parametrically enhanced hidden photon search
journal, October 2014


New cosmological model of quintessence and dark matter
journal, October 2000


New Method for Gravitational Wave Detection with Atomic Sensors
journal, April 2013


High resolution search for dark-matter axions
journal, July 2006


Dark matter direct detection with accelerometers
journal, April 2016


Ultralight scalars as cosmological dark matter
journal, February 2017


Searching for Dark Matter and Variation of Fundamental Constants with Laser and Maser Interferometry
journal, April 2015


Measures to reduce the residual field and field gradient inside a magnetically shielded room by a factor of more than 10
journal, June 2013

  • Voigt, Jens; Knappe-Grüneberg, Silvia; Schnabel, Allard
  • Metrology and Measurement Systems, Vol. 20, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.2478/mms-2013-0021

Hunting for topological dark matter with atomic clocks
journal, November 2014

  • Derevianko, A.; Pospelov, M.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3137

Massless Gauge Bosons other than the Photon
journal, April 2005


Short-Range, Spin-Dependent Interactions of Electrons: A Probe for Exotic Pseudo-Goldstone Bosons
journal, November 2015


A cavity experiment to search for hidden sector photons
journal, January 2008


An asteroseismic constraint on the mass of the axion from the period drift of the pulsating DA white dwarf star L19-2
journal, July 2016

  • Córsico, Alejandro H.; Romero, Alejandra D.; Althaus, Leandro G.
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 07
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2016/07/036

Nuclear spin-dependent interactions: searches for WIMP, axion and topological defect dark matter, and tests of fundamental symmetries
journal, March 2015


Fuzzy Cold Dark Matter: The Wave Properties of Ultralight Particles
journal, August 2000


CPT violation and the standard model
journal, June 1997


Torsion balance experiments: A low-energy frontier of particle physics
journal, January 2009

  • Adelberger, E. G.; Gundlach, J. H.; Heckel, B. R.
  • Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, Vol. 62, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ppnp.2008.08.002

Detecting Domain Walls of Axionlike Models Using Terrestrial Experiments
journal, January 2013


Lorentz-violating extension of the standard model
journal, October 1998


Radio for hidden-photon dark matter detection
journal, October 2015


New Limit on Lorentz- and C P T -Violating Neutron Spin Interactions
journal, October 2010


Probing new physics with underground accelerators and radioactive sources
journal, January 2015


Cosmic structure as the quantum interference of a coherent dark wave
journal, June 2014

  • Schive, Hsi-Yu; Chiueh, Tzihong; Broadhurst, Tom
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2996

A New Light Boson?
journal, January 1978


Dielectric Haloscopes: A New Way to Detect Axion Dark Matter
journal, March 2017


Heating up the Galaxy with hidden photons
journal, December 2015

  • Dubovsky, Sergei; Hernández-Chifflet, Guzmán
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2015/12/054