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Title: Near-Infrared and Optical Beam Steering and Frequency Splitting in Air-Holes-in-Silicon Inverse Photonic Crystals

Abstract

Here, we present the design of a dielectric inverse photonic crystal structure that couples line-defect waveguide propagating modes into highly directional beams of controllable directionality. The structure utilizes a triangular lattice made of air holes drilled in an infinitely thick Si slab, and it is designed for operation in the near-infrared and optical regime. The structure operation is based on the excitation and manipulation of dark dielectric surface states, in particular on the tailoring of the dark states’ coupling to outgoing radiation. This coupling is achieved with the use of properly designed external corrugations. The structure adapts and matches modes that travel through the photonic crystal and the free space. Moreover it facilitates the steering of the outgoing waves, is found to generate well-defined, spatially and spectrally isolated beams, and may serve as a frequency splitting component designed for operation in the near-infrared regime and in particular the telecom optical wavelength band. The design complies with the state-of-the-art Si nanofabrication technology and can be directly scaled for operation in the optical regime.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, FORTH, 71110, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
  2. Ames Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, United States
  3. Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, FORTH, 71110, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, Department of Materials Science and Technology, University of Crete, 71003, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
  4. Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, FORTH, 71110, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, Ames Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, United States
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1423696
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1399580; OSTI ID: 1507997
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9467
Journal ID: ISSN 2330-4022
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358; 320081
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
ACS Photonics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: ACS Photonics Journal Volume: 4 Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2330-4022
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; beam steering; dielectric media; directional emission; frequency splitting; photonic crystals; surface states

Citation Formats

Tasolamprou, Anna C., Koschny, Thomas, Kafesaki, Maria, and Soukoulis, Costas M. Near-Infrared and Optical Beam Steering and Frequency Splitting in Air-Holes-in-Silicon Inverse Photonic Crystals. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00739.
Tasolamprou, Anna C., Koschny, Thomas, Kafesaki, Maria, & Soukoulis, Costas M. Near-Infrared and Optical Beam Steering and Frequency Splitting in Air-Holes-in-Silicon Inverse Photonic Crystals. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00739
Tasolamprou, Anna C., Koschny, Thomas, Kafesaki, Maria, and Soukoulis, Costas M. Thu . "Near-Infrared and Optical Beam Steering and Frequency Splitting in Air-Holes-in-Silicon Inverse Photonic Crystals". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00739.
@article{osti_1423696,
title = {Near-Infrared and Optical Beam Steering and Frequency Splitting in Air-Holes-in-Silicon Inverse Photonic Crystals},
author = {Tasolamprou, Anna C. and Koschny, Thomas and Kafesaki, Maria and Soukoulis, Costas M.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present the design of a dielectric inverse photonic crystal structure that couples line-defect waveguide propagating modes into highly directional beams of controllable directionality. The structure utilizes a triangular lattice made of air holes drilled in an infinitely thick Si slab, and it is designed for operation in the near-infrared and optical regime. The structure operation is based on the excitation and manipulation of dark dielectric surface states, in particular on the tailoring of the dark states’ coupling to outgoing radiation. This coupling is achieved with the use of properly designed external corrugations. The structure adapts and matches modes that travel through the photonic crystal and the free space. Moreover it facilitates the steering of the outgoing waves, is found to generate well-defined, spatially and spectrally isolated beams, and may serve as a frequency splitting component designed for operation in the near-infrared regime and in particular the telecom optical wavelength band. The design complies with the state-of-the-art Si nanofabrication technology and can be directly scaled for operation in the optical regime.},
doi = {10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00739},
journal = {ACS Photonics},
number = 11,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00739

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: (a) Schematic of the infinite two-dimensional photonic crystal, which is the basic structural element of the photonic component discussed here. It consists of circular air rods of diameter D = 188 nm drilled in an infinite silicon slab with permittivity ε = 11.6. The photonic crystal arrangement ismore » triangular, and the lattice constant is α = 320 nm. (b) Schematic of the supercell termination used for sustaining the surface modes, A (red frame) and B (purple frame). (c) Dispersion diagram of the supported surface modes for terminations A (red curves) and B (purple curve). The polarization is H = Hz. Red solid line corresponds to the acoustic surface mode for the termination A, and red dashed line corresponds to the optical, nearly flat surface mode for termination A. Purple solid line corresponds to the sole surface mode supported by termination B. The shaded yellow area corresponds to the photonic band gap of the structure. (d) Field distribution of the real part of the Hz component of the field in an infinitely wide (along x) photonic crystal with termination A, at λ0 = 1.5 μm (α/λ0 = 0.2125), and corresponding structure schematic.« less

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