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Title: RAINIER: A simulation tool for distributions of excited nuclear states and cascade fluctuations

Abstract

In this paper, a new code has been developed named RAINIER that simulates the γ-ray decay of discrete and quasi-continuum nuclear levels for a user-specified range of energy, angular momentum, and parity including a realistic treatment of level spacing and transition width fluctuations. A similar program, DICEBOX, uses the Monte Carlo method to simulate level and width fluctuations but is restricted in its initial level population algorithm. On the other hand, modern reaction codes such as TALYS and EMPIRE populate a wide range of states in the residual nucleus prior to γ-ray decay, but do not go beyond the use of deterministic functions and therefore neglect cascade fluctuations. This combination of capabilities allows RAINIER to be used to determine quasi-continuum properties through comparison with experimental data. Finally, several examples are given that demonstrate how cascade fluctuations influence experimental high-resolution γ-ray spectra from reactions that populate a wide range of initial states.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Engineering
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Engineering; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1423543
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002135
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 892; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; simulation; Monte Carlo; gamma cascade; reaction; initial distribution

Citation Formats

Kirsch, L. E., and Bernstein, L. A. RAINIER: A simulation tool for distributions of excited nuclear states and cascade fluctuations. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2018.02.096.
Kirsch, L. E., & Bernstein, L. A. RAINIER: A simulation tool for distributions of excited nuclear states and cascade fluctuations. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2018.02.096
Kirsch, L. E., and Bernstein, L. A. Sun . "RAINIER: A simulation tool for distributions of excited nuclear states and cascade fluctuations". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2018.02.096. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1423543.
@article{osti_1423543,
title = {RAINIER: A simulation tool for distributions of excited nuclear states and cascade fluctuations},
author = {Kirsch, L. E. and Bernstein, L. A.},
abstractNote = {In this paper, a new code has been developed named RAINIER that simulates the γ-ray decay of discrete and quasi-continuum nuclear levels for a user-specified range of energy, angular momentum, and parity including a realistic treatment of level spacing and transition width fluctuations. A similar program, DICEBOX, uses the Monte Carlo method to simulate level and width fluctuations but is restricted in its initial level population algorithm. On the other hand, modern reaction codes such as TALYS and EMPIRE populate a wide range of states in the residual nucleus prior to γ-ray decay, but do not go beyond the use of deterministic functions and therefore neglect cascade fluctuations. This combination of capabilities allows RAINIER to be used to determine quasi-continuum properties through comparison with experimental data. Finally, several examples are given that demonstrate how cascade fluctuations influence experimental high-resolution γ-ray spectra from reactions that populate a wide range of initial states.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2018.02.096},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = ,
volume = 892,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Program flow in RAINIER. Physical variables Γ, δ, α, BR, and τ described in text.

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