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Title: Design and performance of the spin asymmetries of the nucleon experiment

The Spin Asymmetries of the Nucleon Experiment (SANE) performed inclusive, double-polarized electron scattering measurements of the proton at the Continuous Electron Beam Facility at Jefferson Lab. A novel detector array observed scattered electrons of four-momentum transfer 2.5 < Q 2 < 6.5 GeV 2 and Bjorken scaling 0.3 < x < 0.8 from initial beam energies of 4.7 and 5.9 GeV. Employing a polarized proton target which could be rotated with respect to the incident electron beam, both parallel and near perpendicular spin asymmetries were measured, allowing model-independent access to transverse polarization observables A 1, A 2, g 1, g 2 and moment d 2 of the proton. This article summarizes the operation and performance of the polarized target, polarized electron beam, and novel detector systems used during the course of the experiment, and describes analysis techniques utilized to access the physics observables of interest.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [6] ;  [8] ;  [4] ;  [9] ;  [4] ;  [6] ;  [10] ;  [1] ;  [11] ;  [1] ;  [12] more »;  [6] ;  [1] ;  [13] ;  [4] ;  [14] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [6] ;  [8] ;  [15] ;  [16] ;  [8] ;  [6] ;  [17] ;  [1] ;  [7] ;  [7] ;  [18] ;  [19] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [1] ;  [6] ;  [8] ;  [20] ;  [21] ;  [1] ;  [16] ;  [22] ;  [1] ;  [23] ;  [12] ;  [6] ;  [24] ;  [3] ;  [21] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [25] ;  [3] ;  [15] ;  [4] ;  [6] ;  [26] ;  [4] ;  [6] ;  [27] ;  [6] ;  [10] ;  [28] ;  [1] ;  [16] ;  [9] ;  [9] ;  [16] ;  [13] ;  [7] ;  [21] ;  [7] ;  [17] ;  [6] ;  [5] ;  [29] ;  [4] ;  [10] ;  [30] ;  [15] ;  [5] ;  [31] ;  [32] ;  [1] ;  [16] ;  [33] ;  [9] ;  [4] ;  [16] ;  [13] ;  [4] ;  [34] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [4] ;  [4] « less
  1. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
  2. Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Seoul National Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
  4. Hampton Univ., Hampton, VA (United States)
  5. Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  6. Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)
  7. Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS (United States)
  8. North Carolina A&T State Univ., Greensboro, NC (United States)
  9. Yerevan Physics Inst. (YerPhI) (Armenia)
  10. Florida Intl Univ., Miami, FL (United States)
  11. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Christopher Newport Univ., Newport News, VA (United States)
  12. Univ. of Regina, Regina, SK (Canada)
  13. Christopher Newport Univ., Newport News, VA (United States)
  14. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States);
  15. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
  16. National Research Centre (NRC), Moscow (Russian Federation). Kurchatov Inst. (NRCKI)
  17. College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States)
  18. Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS (United States); Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States)
  19. Southern Univ. at New Orleans, New Orleans, LA (United States)
  20. Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States)
  21. Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan)
  22. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan)
  23. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); The Catholic Univ. of America, Washington, DC (United States)
  24. Virginia Union Univ., Richmond, VA (United States)
  25. Norfolk State Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States)
  26. Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States)
  27. Lanzhou Univ., Gansu (China).
  28. National Lab. for High Energy Physics (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan)
  29. Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
  30. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  31. Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS (United States)
  32. Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)
  33. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)
  34. Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
JLAB-PHY-17-2595; DOE/OR/23177-4257
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; PII: S0168900217313621; TRN: US1801734
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-06OR23177; FG02-94ER4084; FG02-96ER40950; AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 885; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; Deep inelastic scattering; Spin asymmetries; Polarized target; Electron detector
OSTI Identifier:
1423435
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1473700

Maxwell, J. D., Armstrong, W. R., Choi, S., Jones, M. K., Kang, H., Liyanage, A., Meziani, Z. -E., Mulholland, J., Ndukum, L., Rondón, O. A., Ahmidouch, A., Albayrak, I., Asaturyan, A., Ates, O., Baghdasaryan, H., Boeglin, W., Bosted, P., Brash, E., Brock, J., Butuceanu, C., Bychkov, M., Carlin, C., Carter, P., Chen, C., Chen, J. -P., Christy, M. E., Covrig, S., Crabb, D., Danagoulian, S., Daniel, A., Davidenko, A. M., Davis, B., Day, D., Deconinck, W., Deur, A., Dunne, J., Dutta, D., El Fassi, L., Elaasar, M., Ellis, C., Ent, R., Flay, D., Frlez, E., Gaskell, D., Geagla, O., German, J., Gilman, R., Gogami, T., Gomez, J., Goncharenko, Y. M., Hashimoto, O., Higinbotham, D. W., Horn, T., Huber, G. M., Jones, M., Kalantarians, N., Kang, H. K., Kawama, D., Keith, C., Keppel, C., Khandaker, M., Kim, Y., King, P. M., Kohl, M., Kovacs, K., Kubarovsky, V., Li, Y., Liyanage, N., Luo, W., Mamyan, V., Markowitz, P., Maruta, T., Meekins, D., Melnik, Y. M., Mkrtchyan, A., Mkrtchyan, H., Mochalov, V. V., Monaghan, P., Narayan, A., Nakamura, S. N., Nuruzzaman, A., Pentchev, L., Pocanic, D., Posik, M., Puckett, A., Qiu, X., Reinhold, J., Riordan, S., Roche, J., Sawatzky, B., Shabestari, M., Slifer, K., Smith, G., Soloviev, L., Solvignon, P., Tadevosyan, V., Tang, L., Vasiliev, A. N., Veilleux, M., Walton, T., Wesselmann, F., Wood, S. A., Yao, H., Ye, Z., and Zhu, L.. Design and performance of the spin asymmetries of the nucleon experiment. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.12.008.
Maxwell, J. D., Armstrong, W. R., Choi, S., Jones, M. K., Kang, H., Liyanage, A., Meziani, Z. -E., Mulholland, J., Ndukum, L., Rondón, O. A., Ahmidouch, A., Albayrak, I., Asaturyan, A., Ates, O., Baghdasaryan, H., Boeglin, W., Bosted, P., Brash, E., Brock, J., Butuceanu, C., Bychkov, M., Carlin, C., Carter, P., Chen, C., Chen, J. -P., Christy, M. E., Covrig, S., Crabb, D., Danagoulian, S., Daniel, A., Davidenko, A. M., Davis, B., Day, D., Deconinck, W., Deur, A., Dunne, J., Dutta, D., El Fassi, L., Elaasar, M., Ellis, C., Ent, R., Flay, D., Frlez, E., Gaskell, D., Geagla, O., German, J., Gilman, R., Gogami, T., Gomez, J., Goncharenko, Y. M., Hashimoto, O., Higinbotham, D. W., Horn, T., Huber, G. M., Jones, M., Kalantarians, N., Kang, H. K., Kawama, D., Keith, C., Keppel, C., Khandaker, M., Kim, Y., King, P. M., Kohl, M., Kovacs, K., Kubarovsky, V., Li, Y., Liyanage, N., Luo, W., Mamyan, V., Markowitz, P., Maruta, T., Meekins, D., Melnik, Y. M., Mkrtchyan, A., Mkrtchyan, H., Mochalov, V. V., Monaghan, P., Narayan, A., Nakamura, S. N., Nuruzzaman, A., Pentchev, L., Pocanic, D., Posik, M., Puckett, A., Qiu, X., Reinhold, J., Riordan, S., Roche, J., Sawatzky, B., Shabestari, M., Slifer, K., Smith, G., Soloviev, L., Solvignon, P., Tadevosyan, V., Tang, L., Vasiliev, A. N., Veilleux, M., Walton, T., Wesselmann, F., Wood, S. A., Yao, H., Ye, Z., & Zhu, L.. Design and performance of the spin asymmetries of the nucleon experiment. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.12.008.
Maxwell, J. D., Armstrong, W. R., Choi, S., Jones, M. K., Kang, H., Liyanage, A., Meziani, Z. -E., Mulholland, J., Ndukum, L., Rondón, O. A., Ahmidouch, A., Albayrak, I., Asaturyan, A., Ates, O., Baghdasaryan, H., Boeglin, W., Bosted, P., Brash, E., Brock, J., Butuceanu, C., Bychkov, M., Carlin, C., Carter, P., Chen, C., Chen, J. -P., Christy, M. E., Covrig, S., Crabb, D., Danagoulian, S., Daniel, A., Davidenko, A. M., Davis, B., Day, D., Deconinck, W., Deur, A., Dunne, J., Dutta, D., El Fassi, L., Elaasar, M., Ellis, C., Ent, R., Flay, D., Frlez, E., Gaskell, D., Geagla, O., German, J., Gilman, R., Gogami, T., Gomez, J., Goncharenko, Y. M., Hashimoto, O., Higinbotham, D. W., Horn, T., Huber, G. M., Jones, M., Kalantarians, N., Kang, H. K., Kawama, D., Keith, C., Keppel, C., Khandaker, M., Kim, Y., King, P. M., Kohl, M., Kovacs, K., Kubarovsky, V., Li, Y., Liyanage, N., Luo, W., Mamyan, V., Markowitz, P., Maruta, T., Meekins, D., Melnik, Y. M., Mkrtchyan, A., Mkrtchyan, H., Mochalov, V. V., Monaghan, P., Narayan, A., Nakamura, S. N., Nuruzzaman, A., Pentchev, L., Pocanic, D., Posik, M., Puckett, A., Qiu, X., Reinhold, J., Riordan, S., Roche, J., Sawatzky, B., Shabestari, M., Slifer, K., Smith, G., Soloviev, L., Solvignon, P., Tadevosyan, V., Tang, L., Vasiliev, A. N., Veilleux, M., Walton, T., Wesselmann, F., Wood, S. A., Yao, H., Ye, Z., and Zhu, L.. 2017. "Design and performance of the spin asymmetries of the nucleon experiment". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.12.008.
@article{osti_1423435,
title = {Design and performance of the spin asymmetries of the nucleon experiment},
author = {Maxwell, J. D. and Armstrong, W. R. and Choi, S. and Jones, M. K. and Kang, H. and Liyanage, A. and Meziani, Z. -E. and Mulholland, J. and Ndukum, L. and Rondón, O. A. and Ahmidouch, A. and Albayrak, I. and Asaturyan, A. and Ates, O. and Baghdasaryan, H. and Boeglin, W. and Bosted, P. and Brash, E. and Brock, J. and Butuceanu, C. and Bychkov, M. and Carlin, C. and Carter, P. and Chen, C. and Chen, J. -P. and Christy, M. E. and Covrig, S. and Crabb, D. and Danagoulian, S. and Daniel, A. and Davidenko, A. M. and Davis, B. and Day, D. and Deconinck, W. and Deur, A. and Dunne, J. and Dutta, D. and El Fassi, L. and Elaasar, M. and Ellis, C. and Ent, R. and Flay, D. and Frlez, E. and Gaskell, D. and Geagla, O. and German, J. and Gilman, R. and Gogami, T. and Gomez, J. and Goncharenko, Y. M. and Hashimoto, O. and Higinbotham, D. W. and Horn, T. and Huber, G. M. and Jones, M. and Kalantarians, N. and Kang, H. K. and Kawama, D. and Keith, C. and Keppel, C. and Khandaker, M. and Kim, Y. and King, P. M. and Kohl, M. and Kovacs, K. and Kubarovsky, V. and Li, Y. and Liyanage, N. and Luo, W. and Mamyan, V. and Markowitz, P. and Maruta, T. and Meekins, D. and Melnik, Y. M. and Mkrtchyan, A. and Mkrtchyan, H. and Mochalov, V. V. and Monaghan, P. and Narayan, A. and Nakamura, S. N. and Nuruzzaman, A. and Pentchev, L. and Pocanic, D. and Posik, M. and Puckett, A. and Qiu, X. and Reinhold, J. and Riordan, S. and Roche, J. and Sawatzky, B. and Shabestari, M. and Slifer, K. and Smith, G. and Soloviev, L. and Solvignon, P. and Tadevosyan, V. and Tang, L. and Vasiliev, A. N. and Veilleux, M. and Walton, T. and Wesselmann, F. and Wood, S. A. and Yao, H. and Ye, Z. and Zhu, L.},
abstractNote = {The Spin Asymmetries of the Nucleon Experiment (SANE) performed inclusive, double-polarized electron scattering measurements of the proton at the Continuous Electron Beam Facility at Jefferson Lab. A novel detector array observed scattered electrons of four-momentum transfer 2.5 < Q2 < 6.5 GeV2 and Bjorken scaling 0.3 < x < 0.8 from initial beam energies of 4.7 and 5.9 GeV. Employing a polarized proton target which could be rotated with respect to the incident electron beam, both parallel and near perpendicular spin asymmetries were measured, allowing model-independent access to transverse polarization observables A1, A2, g1, g2 and moment d2 of the proton. This article summarizes the operation and performance of the polarized target, polarized electron beam, and novel detector systems used during the course of the experiment, and describes analysis techniques utilized to access the physics observables of interest.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2017.12.008},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 885,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}