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Title: Spatially confined low-power optically pumped ultrafast synchrotron x-ray nanodiffraction

The combination of ultrafast optical excitation and time-resolved synchrotron x-ray nanodiffraction provides unique insight into the photoinduced dynamics of materials, with the spatial resolution required to probe individual nanostructures or small volumes within heterogeneous materials. Optically excited x-ray nanobeam experiments are challenging because the high total optical power required for experimentally relevant optical fluences leads to mechanical instability due to heating. For a given fluence, tightly focusing the optical excitation reduces the average optical power by more than three orders of magnitude and thus ensures sufficient thermal stability for x-ray nanobeam studies. Delivering optical pulses via a scannable fiber-coupled optical objective provides a well-defined excitation geometry during rotation and translation of the sample and allows the selective excitation of isolated areas within the sample. Finally, experimental studies of the photoinduced lattice dynamics of a 35 nm BiFeO 3 thin film on a SrTiO 3 substrate demonstrate the potential to excite and probe nanoscale volumes.
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  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering. Materials Science Program
  2. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  3. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering. Kavli Inst. at Cornell for Nanoscale Science
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). X-ray Science Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-04ER46147; AC02-06CH11357; EEC-1160504; DGE-1256259
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); ANL Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; x-ray diffraction; optical pumping; x-ray reflectometry; x-ray lasers; optical diffraction
OSTI Identifier: