Compact gain-saturated x-ray lasers down to 685 nm and amplification down to 585 nm
Plasma-based x-ray lasers allow single-shot nano-scale imaging and other experiments requiring a large number of photons per pulse to be conducted in compact facilities. However, compact repetitively fired gain-saturated x-ray lasers have been limited to wavelengths above λ = 8.85 nm. For this work, we extend their range to λ = 6.85 nm by transient traveling wave excitation of Ni-like Gd ions in a plasma created with an optimized pre-pulse followed by rapid heating with an intense sub-picosecond pump pulse. Isoelectronic scaling also produced strong lasing at 6.67 nm and 6.11 nm in Ni-like Tb and amplification at 6.41 nm and 5.85 nm in Ni-like Dy. This scaling to shorter wavelengths was obtained by progressively increasing the pump pulse grazing incidence angle to access increased plasma densities. We experimentally demonstrate that the optimum grazing incidence angle increases linearly with atomic number from 17 deg for Ζ = 42 (Mo) to 43 deg for Ζ = 66 (Dy). The results will enable applications of sub-7 nm lasers at compact facilities.
- Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Physics Dept.
- Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Electrical and Computer Engineering Dept.
- Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Electrical and Computer Engineering Dept.; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
- Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Physics Dept. and Electrical and Computer Engineering Dept.
- Publication Date:
- Grant/Contract Number:
- AC05-00OR22725; FG02-04ER15592; ACI-1532235
- Published Article
- Journal Name:
- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2334-2536
- Optical Society of America
- Research Org:
- Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
- Sponsoring Org:
- USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY
- OSTI Identifier:
- Alternate Identifier(s):
- OSTI ID: 1462828