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Title: Asymptotic charges cannot be measured in finite time

To study quantum gravity in asymptotically flat spacetimes, one would like to understand the algebra of observables at null infinity. Here we show that the Bondi mass cannot be observed in finite retarded time, and so is not contained in the algebra on any finite portion of I +. This follows immediately from recently discovered asymptotic entropy bounds. We verify this explicitly, and we find that attempts to measure a conserved charge at arbitrarily large radius in fixed retarded time are thwarted by quantum fluctuations. We comment on the implications of our results to flat space holography and the BMS charges at I +.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Center for Theoretical Physics and Dept. of Physics; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Varian Lab. of Physics
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; 1521446; 1316783; 1314311
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 4; Related Information: © 2018 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); Berkeley Center for Theoretical Physics (BCTP); Inst. for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ (United States); National Science Foundation (NSF); Foundational Questions Inst. (FQXi); Raymond and Beverly Sackler Foundation; Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States). Stanford Inst. for Theoretical Physics (SITP); Simons Foundation
Country of Publication:
United States
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; general relativity; quantum gravity; quantum field theory
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1434025