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Title: Compatibility Assessment of Fuel System Infrastructure Plastics with Bio-oil and Diesel Fuel

Abstract

We report that bio-oil derived via fast pyrolysis is being developed as a renewable fuel option for petroleum distillates. The compatibility of neat bio-oil with 18 plastic types was evaluated using neat diesel fuel as the baseline. The plastic materials included polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), polyoxymethylene (POM), POM copolymer, high density polyethylene (HDPE), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), polypropylene (PP), polyethylene terephthalate glycol (PETG), polythiourea (PTU), four nylon grades, and four thermosetting resins. Specimens of each material were immersed in the test fuels for a period of 16 weeks to achieve full saturation. Except for PP and HDPE, the plastic materials underwent higher volume expansion in bio-oil than in the baseline diesel (which was negligible in most cases). This volume increase corresponds to the higher polarity of the bio-oil. PPS, PET, and PTFE were unaffected by bio-oil exposure, but modest swelling (between 2 and 5%) occurred for the two acetals (POM and POM copolymer), Nylon-12, PBT, PETG, and the four resin grades. More moderate swelling (8–15%) was noted for Nylon-6, Nylon-6/6, and Nylon-11, and excessive swell (>40%) occurred for PTU. The nonpolar nature of PP and HDPE matches that of diesel, leading to higher solubilitymore » (swell) in this fuel type. Finally, the relatively low volume expansion following exposure indicates that many of the existing infrastructure plastics (excluding PTU) should be suitable for use with bio-oil.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Fuels, Engines and Emissions Research Center
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States). National Bioenergy Center
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1422872
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5100-70994
Journal ID: ISSN 0887-0624
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy and Fuels
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 32; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0887-0624
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; bio-oils; pyrolysis; diesel fuel

Citation Formats

Kass, Michael D., Janke, Christopher J., Connatser, Raynella M., Lewis, Samuel A., Keiser, James R., and Gaston, Katherine. Compatibility Assessment of Fuel System Infrastructure Plastics with Bio-oil and Diesel Fuel. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b03121.
Kass, Michael D., Janke, Christopher J., Connatser, Raynella M., Lewis, Samuel A., Keiser, James R., & Gaston, Katherine. Compatibility Assessment of Fuel System Infrastructure Plastics with Bio-oil and Diesel Fuel. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b03121.
Kass, Michael D., Janke, Christopher J., Connatser, Raynella M., Lewis, Samuel A., Keiser, James R., and Gaston, Katherine. Fri . "Compatibility Assessment of Fuel System Infrastructure Plastics with Bio-oil and Diesel Fuel". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b03121. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1422872.
@article{osti_1422872,
title = {Compatibility Assessment of Fuel System Infrastructure Plastics with Bio-oil and Diesel Fuel},
author = {Kass, Michael D. and Janke, Christopher J. and Connatser, Raynella M. and Lewis, Samuel A. and Keiser, James R. and Gaston, Katherine},
abstractNote = {We report that bio-oil derived via fast pyrolysis is being developed as a renewable fuel option for petroleum distillates. The compatibility of neat bio-oil with 18 plastic types was evaluated using neat diesel fuel as the baseline. The plastic materials included polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), polyoxymethylene (POM), POM copolymer, high density polyethylene (HDPE), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), polypropylene (PP), polyethylene terephthalate glycol (PETG), polythiourea (PTU), four nylon grades, and four thermosetting resins. Specimens of each material were immersed in the test fuels for a period of 16 weeks to achieve full saturation. Except for PP and HDPE, the plastic materials underwent higher volume expansion in bio-oil than in the baseline diesel (which was negligible in most cases). This volume increase corresponds to the higher polarity of the bio-oil. PPS, PET, and PTFE were unaffected by bio-oil exposure, but modest swelling (between 2 and 5%) occurred for the two acetals (POM and POM copolymer), Nylon-12, PBT, PETG, and the four resin grades. More moderate swelling (8–15%) was noted for Nylon-6, Nylon-6/6, and Nylon-11, and excessive swell (>40%) occurred for PTU. The nonpolar nature of PP and HDPE matches that of diesel, leading to higher solubility (swell) in this fuel type. Finally, the relatively low volume expansion following exposure indicates that many of the existing infrastructure plastics (excluding PTU) should be suitable for use with bio-oil.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b03121},
journal = {Energy and Fuels},
number = 1,
volume = 32,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Table 1 Table 1: List of Selected Properties for Pyrolysis Oil and Diesel

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