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Title: Probing New Long-Range Interactions by Isotope Shift Spectroscopy

Abstract

We explore a method to probe new long- and intermediate-range interactions using precision atomic isotope shift spectroscopy. We develop a formalism to interpret linear King plots as bounds on new physics with minimal theory inputs. We focus only on bounding the new physics contributions that can be calculated independently of the standard model nuclear effects. We apply our method to existing Ca + data and project its sensitivity to conjectured new bosons with spin-independent couplings to the electron and the neutron using narrow transitions in other atoms and ions, specifically, Sr and Yb. Future measurements are expected to improve the relative precision by 5 orders of magnitude, and they can potentially lead to an unprecedented sensitivity for bosons within the 0.3 to 10 MeV mass range.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [4];  [8]
  1. University of New South Wales, Sydney (Australia). School of Physics
  2. Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat Mainz (Germany); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Physics Department; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science Division
  3. CNRS-Universite Savoie Mont Blanc (France). Laboratoire d Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique Theorique LAPTh
  4. Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot (Israel). Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics
  5. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Institut fur Physik, Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin (Germany)
  6. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States). Theoretical Physics Department
  7. Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot (Israel). Department of Physics of Complex Systems
  8. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Center for Theoretical Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1422653
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1409081; OSTI ID: 1434023
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1704.05068; DESY-17-055; FERMILAB-PUB-17-077-T; LAPTh-009-17; MIT-CTP-4898
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; 1591982
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; SC00012567; SC00015476
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Berengut, Julian C., Budker, Dmitry, Delaunay, Cédric, Flambaum, Victor V., Frugiuele, Claudia, Fuchs, Elina, Grojean, Christophe, Harnik, Roni, Ozeri, Roee, Perez, Gilad, and Soreq, Yotam. Probing New Long-Range Interactions by Isotope Shift Spectroscopy. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.091801.
Berengut, Julian C., Budker, Dmitry, Delaunay, Cédric, Flambaum, Victor V., Frugiuele, Claudia, Fuchs, Elina, Grojean, Christophe, Harnik, Roni, Ozeri, Roee, Perez, Gilad, & Soreq, Yotam. Probing New Long-Range Interactions by Isotope Shift Spectroscopy. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.091801.
Berengut, Julian C., Budker, Dmitry, Delaunay, Cédric, Flambaum, Victor V., Frugiuele, Claudia, Fuchs, Elina, Grojean, Christophe, Harnik, Roni, Ozeri, Roee, Perez, Gilad, and Soreq, Yotam. Mon . "Probing New Long-Range Interactions by Isotope Shift Spectroscopy". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.091801.
@article{osti_1422653,
title = {Probing New Long-Range Interactions by Isotope Shift Spectroscopy},
author = {Berengut, Julian C. and Budker, Dmitry and Delaunay, Cédric and Flambaum, Victor V. and Frugiuele, Claudia and Fuchs, Elina and Grojean, Christophe and Harnik, Roni and Ozeri, Roee and Perez, Gilad and Soreq, Yotam},
abstractNote = {We explore a method to probe new long- and intermediate-range interactions using precision atomic isotope shift spectroscopy. We develop a formalism to interpret linear King plots as bounds on new physics with minimal theory inputs. We focus only on bounding the new physics contributions that can be calculated independently of the standard model nuclear effects. We apply our method to existing Ca+ data and project its sensitivity to conjectured new bosons with spin-independent couplings to the electron and the neutron using narrow transitions in other atoms and ions, specifically, Sr and Yb. Future measurements are expected to improve the relative precision by 5 orders of magnitude, and they can potentially lead to an unprecedented sensitivity for bosons within the 0.3 to 10 MeV mass range.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.091801},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 9,
volume = 120,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.091801

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 14 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Limits on the electron and neutron couplings (yeyn) of a new boson of mass mϕ (for the experimental accuracies σi specified on the labels). Constraint from existing IS data: Ca+ (397 vs 866 nm, the solid red line). IS projections (the dashed lines) for Ca+ (S → Dmore » transitions), Sr+, Sr/Sr+, and Yb+. For comparison, existing constraints from other experiments are shown as shaded areas: fifth force (dark orange), (g − 2)e combined with neutron scattering (light blue) or SN 1987A (light orange), and star cooling in globular clusters (orange). The gray line at 17 MeV indicates the yeyn values required to accommodate the Be anomaly.« less

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Probing New Long-Range Interactions by Isotope Shift Spectroscopy
    text, January 2018

    • Berengut, Julian C.; Budker, Dmitry; Delaunay, Cédric
    • GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, GSI, Darmstadt
    • DOI: 10.15120/gsi-2019-00310

    Probing New Long-Range Interactions by Isotope Shift Spectroscopy
    text, January 2018

    • Berengut, Julian C.; Budker, Dmitry; Delaunay, Cédric
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
    • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2018-01665

    On approaches to measure the electromagnetic polarizabilities of the neutron
    journal, February 1998

    • Wissmann, F.; Levchuk, M. I.; Schumacher, M.
    • The European Physical Journal A, Vol. 1, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1007/s100500050048

    Nuclear structure effects in the isotope shift with halo nuclei
    journal, January 2010


    Light pseudoscalars, particle physics and cosmology
    journal, June 1987


    Evidence against the existence of a low mass scalar boson from neutron-nucleus scattering
    journal, July 1975


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    journal, June 1986


    Effective lagrangians for bound state problems in QED, QCD, and other field theories
    journal, February 1986


    The fermion mass scale and possible effects of Higgs bosons on experimental observables
    journal, December 1979


    Does nature like Nambu-Goldstone bosons?
    journal, June 1983


    New version: Grasp2K relativistic atomic structure package
    journal, September 2013


    Short-range fundamental forces
    journal, October 2011


    Violations of fundamental symmetries in atoms and tests of unification theories of elementary particles
    journal, July 2004


    Precision physics of simple atoms: QED tests, nuclear structure and fundamental constants
    journal, December 2005


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    journal, January 2014

    • Bloom, B. J.; Nicholson, T. L.; Williams, J. R.
    • Nature, Vol. 506, Issue 7486
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature12941

    Motional Fock states for quantum-enhanced amplitude and phase measurements with trapped ions
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    • Griffith, J. A. R.; Isaak, G. R.; New, R.
    • Journal of Physics B: Atomic and Molecular Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 16
    • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3700/14/16/007

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    journal, April 1982

    • Palmer, C. W. P.; Stacey, D. N.
    • Journal of Physics B: Atomic and Molecular Physics, Vol. 15, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3700/15/7/009

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    journal, August 1987

    • Blundell, S. A.; Baird, P. E. G.; Palmer, C. W. P.
    • Journal of Physics B: Atomic and Molecular Physics, Vol. 20, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3700/20/15/015

    Review of Particle Physics
    journal, July 2006


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    journal, July 2008


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    journal, July 2012

    • Harnik, Roni; Kopp, Joachim; Machado, Pedro A. N.
    • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2012, Issue 07
    • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2012/07/026

    Solar constraints on hidden photons re-visited
    journal, August 2013


    A compendium of chameleon constraints
    journal, November 2016


    Review of Particle Physics
    journal, October 2016


    Frequency Ratio of Al+ and Hg+ Single-Ion Optical Clocks; Metrology at the 17th Decimal Place
    journal, March 2008


    Order of Magnitude Smaller Limit on the Electric Dipole Moment of the Electron
    journal, December 2013


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    The Low-Energy Frontier of Particle Physics
    journal, November 2010


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        Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.