skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Ceramic composites: A review of toughening mechanisms and demonstration of micropillar compression for interface property extraction

Abstract

We present that ceramic fiber–matrix composites (CFMCs) are exciting materials for engineering applications in extreme environments. By integrating ceramic fibers within a ceramic matrix, CFMCs allow an intrinsically brittle material to exhibit sufficient structural toughness for use in gas turbines and nuclear reactors. Chemical stability under high temperature and irradiation coupled with high specific strength make these materials unique and increasingly popular in extreme settings. This paper first offers a review of the importance and growing body of research on fiber–matrix interfaces as they relate to composite toughening mechanisms. Second, micropillar compression is explored experimentally as a high-fidelity method for extracting interface properties compared with traditional fiber push-out testing. Three significant interface properties that govern composite toughening were extracted. For a 50-nm-pyrolytic carbon interface, the following were observed: a fracture energy release rate of ~2.5 J/m2, an internal friction coefficient of 0.25 ± 0.04, and a debond shear strength of 266 ± 24 MPa. Lastly, this research supports micromechanical evaluations as a unique bridge between theoretical physics models for microcrack propagation and empirically driven finite element models for bulk CFMCs.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Department of Nuclear Engineering
  2. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Department of Materials
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science and Technology Division
  4. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States). Nuclear Technologies and Materials Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1422589
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0884-2914
Publisher:
Materials Research Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; Ceramic Composite; Internal Friction; Neutron irradiation; Chemical Vapor; Deposition; Coating; Toughness; Fracture; Nuclear Materials; Nano-indentation

Citation Formats

Kabel, Joey, Hosemann, Peter, Zayachuk, Yevhen, Armstrong, David E. J., Koyanagi, Takaaki, Katoh, Yutai, and Deck, Christian. Ceramic composites: A review of toughening mechanisms and demonstration of micropillar compression for interface property extraction. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1557/jmr.2017.473.
Kabel, Joey, Hosemann, Peter, Zayachuk, Yevhen, Armstrong, David E. J., Koyanagi, Takaaki, Katoh, Yutai, & Deck, Christian. Ceramic composites: A review of toughening mechanisms and demonstration of micropillar compression for interface property extraction. United States. doi:10.1557/jmr.2017.473.
Kabel, Joey, Hosemann, Peter, Zayachuk, Yevhen, Armstrong, David E. J., Koyanagi, Takaaki, Katoh, Yutai, and Deck, Christian. Wed . "Ceramic composites: A review of toughening mechanisms and demonstration of micropillar compression for interface property extraction". United States. doi:10.1557/jmr.2017.473. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1422589.
@article{osti_1422589,
title = {Ceramic composites: A review of toughening mechanisms and demonstration of micropillar compression for interface property extraction},
author = {Kabel, Joey and Hosemann, Peter and Zayachuk, Yevhen and Armstrong, David E. J. and Koyanagi, Takaaki and Katoh, Yutai and Deck, Christian},
abstractNote = {We present that ceramic fiber–matrix composites (CFMCs) are exciting materials for engineering applications in extreme environments. By integrating ceramic fibers within a ceramic matrix, CFMCs allow an intrinsically brittle material to exhibit sufficient structural toughness for use in gas turbines and nuclear reactors. Chemical stability under high temperature and irradiation coupled with high specific strength make these materials unique and increasingly popular in extreme settings. This paper first offers a review of the importance and growing body of research on fiber–matrix interfaces as they relate to composite toughening mechanisms. Second, micropillar compression is explored experimentally as a high-fidelity method for extracting interface properties compared with traditional fiber push-out testing. Three significant interface properties that govern composite toughening were extracted. For a 50-nm-pyrolytic carbon interface, the following were observed: a fracture energy release rate of ~2.5 J/m2, an internal friction coefficient of 0.25 ± 0.04, and a debond shear strength of 266 ± 24 MPa. Lastly, this research supports micromechanical evaluations as a unique bridge between theoretical physics models for microcrack propagation and empirically driven finite element models for bulk CFMCs.},
doi = {10.1557/jmr.2017.473},
journal = {Journal of Materials Research},
number = 4,
volume = 33,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Crack deflection at an interface between dissimilar elastic materials: Role of residual stresses
journal, December 1994

  • He, Ming Yuan; Evans, Anthony G.; Hutchinson, John W.
  • International Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 31, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1016/0020-7683(94)90025-6

Silicon carbide fibre reinforced glass-ceramic matrix composites exhibiting high strength and toughness
journal, August 1982

  • Brennan, John J.; Prewo, Karl M.
  • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 17, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00543747

Oxidation Kinetics of a Continuous Carbon Phase in a Nonreactive Matrix
journal, April 1995


Handbook of SiC properties for fuel performance modeling
journal, September 2007


In situ transmission electron microscopy of electron-beam induced damage process in nuclear grade graphite
journal, May 2011


Influence of Strong Fiber/Coating Interfaces on the Mechanical Behavior and Lifetime of Hi-Nicalon/(PyC/SiC) n /SiC Minicomposites
journal, April 2001


On the Coulomb-Mohr failure criterion
journal, October 1969


Energy criterion for crack deflection at an interface between two orthotropic media
journal, August 1994


The concept of a strong interface applied to SiC/SiC composites with a BN interphase
journal, December 2000


Radiation effects in SiC for nuclear structural applications
journal, June 2012

  • Katoh, Yutai; Snead, Lance L.; Szlufarska, Izabela
  • Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, Vol. 16, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cossms.2012.03.005

Development of High Performance SiC Fibers Derived from Polycarbosilane Using Electron Beam Irradiation Curing-A Review
journal, January 2006


The fracture energy of carbon-fibre reinforced glass
journal, October 1972


Mode II fracture testing of composites: a new look at an old problem
journal, November 2006


Evaluation of Fiber/Matrix Interfacial Strength of Neutron Irradiated SiC/SiC Composites Using Hysteresis Loop Analysis of Tensile Test
journal, January 2006


Microscopic analysis of single-fiber push-out tests on ceramic matrix composites performed with Berkovich and flat-end indenter and evaluation of interfacial fracture toughness
journal, February 2013


Mechanical Properties and Deformation of Cubic Silicon Carbide Micropillars in Compression at Room Temperature
journal, July 2012


Fabrication and characterization of joined silicon carbide cylindrical components for nuclear applications
journal, February 2015


The physics and mechanics of fibre-reinforced brittle matrix composites
journal, August 1994

  • Evans, A. G.; Zok, F. W.
  • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 29, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00355946

Microstructure and mechanical properties of gypsum composites reinforced with recycled cellulose pulp
journal, December 2008


Continuous SiC fiber, CVI SiC matrix composites for nuclear applications: Properties and irradiation effects
journal, May 2014


Silicon Carbide Oxidation in Steam up to 2 MPa
journal, July 2014

  • Terrani, Kurt A.; Pint, Bruce A.; Parish, Chad M.
  • Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 97, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1111/jace.13094

Scale effects for strength, ductility, and toughness in “brittle” materials
journal, March 2009

  • Gerberich, W. W.; Michler, J.; Mook, W. M.
  • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 24, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2009.0143

Carbon fibre composites with ceramic and glass matrices: Part 2 Continuous fibres
journal, June 1972

  • Sambell, R. A. J.; Briggs, A.; Phillips, D. C.
  • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00549379

Models of High-Temperature, Environmentally Assisted Embrittlement in Ceramic-Matrix Composites
journal, September 1996


Accident tolerant fuels for LWRs: A perspective
journal, May 2014


High-velocity impact damage behavior of plain-woven SiC/SiC composites after thermal loading
journal, April 2012


Neutron irradiation induced microstructural changes in NBG-18 and IG-110 nuclear graphites
journal, May 2015


Silicon carbide composite for light water reactor fuel assembly applications
journal, May 2014


Kinetics and Mechanisms of High-Temperature Creep in Silicon Carbide: II, Chemically Vapor Deposited
journal, November 1984


Fracture toughness anisotropy of a pyrolytic carbon
journal, May 1986

  • Sakai, M.; Bradt, R. C.; Fischbach, D. B.
  • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 21, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01114701

Toughening mechanisms in mixed-mode interfacial fracture
journal, March 1995


The influence of surface oxides on the mechanical response of oxidized grain boundaries
journal, June 2017


Silicon carbide composites as fusion power reactor structural materials
journal, October 2011


Some theoretical considerations of fibre pull-out from an elastic matrix
journal, January 1972


Mode II fracture toughness of a brittle adhesive layer
journal, April 1994


TEM structure of (PyC/SiC)n multilayered interphases in SiC/SiC composites
journal, January 2000


Swelling of nuclear graphite and high quality carbon fiber composite under very high irradiation temperature
journal, October 2008


The effect of neutron irradiation on the fiber/matrix interphase of silicon carbide composites
journal, February 2009


SiC-Matrix Composite Materials for Advanced Jet Engines
journal, September 2003


Current status and recent research achievements in SiC/SiC composites
journal, December 2014


Crack path selection in a brittle adhesive layer
journal, January 1991

  • Fleck, Norman A.; Hutchinson, John W.; Zhigang, Suo
  • International Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 27, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1016/0020-7683(91)90069-R

Thermophysical and mechanical properties of near-stoichiometric fiber CVI SiC/SiC composites after neutron irradiation at elevated temperatures
journal, August 2010


Determination of interfacial mechanical properties of ceramic composites by the compression of micro-pillar test specimens
journal, March 2013

  • Shih, Chunghao; Katoh, Yutai; Leonard, Keith J.
  • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 48, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10853-013-7311-z

Mode II crack paths under compression in brittle solids – a theory and experimental comparison
journal, April 2002


Evaluation of neutron irradiated silicon carbide and silicon carbide composites
journal, September 2007


Interlayer shear strength of single crystalline graphite
journal, August 2012


Micro-mechanical measurements of fracture toughness of bismuth embrittled copper grain boundaries
journal, June 2011


Tensile Creep Behavior of SiC-Based Fibers With a Low Oxygen Content
journal, April 2007


The work of fracture and its measurement in metals, ceramics and other materials
journal, August 1966

  • Tattersall, H. G.; Tappin, G.
  • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 1, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00550177

Interfacial debonding and fiber pull-out stresses of fiber-reinforced composites
journal, January 1990


Boron Nitride Interphase in Ceramic-Matrix Composites
journal, October 1991


Absorption and mechanical properties of SiCp/PVDF composites
journal, December 2017