skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Structure-dependent performance of TiO2/C as anode material for Na-ion batteries

Abstract

The performance of energy storage materials is highly dependent on their nanostructures. Herein, hierarchical rod-in-tube TiO2 with a uniform carbon coating is synthesized as the anode material for sodium-ion batteries by a facile solvothermal method. This unique structure consists of a tunable nanorod core, interstitial hollow spaces, and a functional nanotube shell assembled from two-dimensional nanosheets. By adjusting the types of solvents used and reaction time, the morphologies of TiO2/C composites can be tuned to nanoparticles, microrods, rod-in-tube structures, or microtubes. Among these materials, rod-in-tube TiO2 with a uniform carbon coating shows the highest electronic conductivity, specific surface area (336.4 m2 g-1), and porosity, and these factors lead to the best sodium storage capability. Benefiting from the unique structural features and improved electronic/ionic conductivity, the as-obtained rod-in-tube TiO2/C in coin cell tests exhibits a high discharge capacity of 277.5 and 153.9 mAh g-1 at 50 and 5000 mA g-1, respectively, and almost 100% capacity retention over 14,000 cycles at 5000 mA g-1. In operando high-energy X-ray diffraction further confirms the stable crystal structure of the rod-in-tube TiO2/C during Na+ insertion/extraction. Finally, this work highlights that nanostructure design is an effective strategy to achieve advanced energy storage materials.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [1];  [6];  [7]
  1. Central South Univ., Changsha (China). Hunan Provincial Key Lab. of Chemical Power Sources, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  2. Central South Univ., Changsha (China). Hunan Provincial Key Lab. of Chemical Power Sources, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering; Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology, Hong Kong (China). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS), X-ray Science Division
  5. Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology, Hong Kong (China). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering
  6. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division; Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Materials Science and Engineering
  7. Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology, Hong Kong (China). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering, and Energy Inst.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1422570
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1548948
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 44; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; hierarchical rod-in-tube structure; morphology tuning; rate performance; sodium-ion battery; titanium dioxide

Citation Formats

He, Hanna, Gan, Qingmeng, Wang, Haiyan, Xu, Gui-Liang, Zhang, Xiaoyi, Huang, Dan, Fu, Fang, Tang, Yougen, Amine, Khalil, and Shao, Minhua. Structure-dependent performance of TiO2/C as anode material for Na-ion batteries. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.11.077.
He, Hanna, Gan, Qingmeng, Wang, Haiyan, Xu, Gui-Liang, Zhang, Xiaoyi, Huang, Dan, Fu, Fang, Tang, Yougen, Amine, Khalil, & Shao, Minhua. Structure-dependent performance of TiO2/C as anode material for Na-ion batteries. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.11.077.
He, Hanna, Gan, Qingmeng, Wang, Haiyan, Xu, Gui-Liang, Zhang, Xiaoyi, Huang, Dan, Fu, Fang, Tang, Yougen, Amine, Khalil, and Shao, Minhua. Wed . "Structure-dependent performance of TiO2/C as anode material for Na-ion batteries". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.11.077. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1422570.
@article{osti_1422570,
title = {Structure-dependent performance of TiO2/C as anode material for Na-ion batteries},
author = {He, Hanna and Gan, Qingmeng and Wang, Haiyan and Xu, Gui-Liang and Zhang, Xiaoyi and Huang, Dan and Fu, Fang and Tang, Yougen and Amine, Khalil and Shao, Minhua},
abstractNote = {The performance of energy storage materials is highly dependent on their nanostructures. Herein, hierarchical rod-in-tube TiO2 with a uniform carbon coating is synthesized as the anode material for sodium-ion batteries by a facile solvothermal method. This unique structure consists of a tunable nanorod core, interstitial hollow spaces, and a functional nanotube shell assembled from two-dimensional nanosheets. By adjusting the types of solvents used and reaction time, the morphologies of TiO2/C composites can be tuned to nanoparticles, microrods, rod-in-tube structures, or microtubes. Among these materials, rod-in-tube TiO2 with a uniform carbon coating shows the highest electronic conductivity, specific surface area (336.4 m2 g-1), and porosity, and these factors lead to the best sodium storage capability. Benefiting from the unique structural features and improved electronic/ionic conductivity, the as-obtained rod-in-tube TiO2/C in coin cell tests exhibits a high discharge capacity of 277.5 and 153.9 mAh g-1 at 50 and 5000 mA g-1, respectively, and almost 100% capacity retention over 14,000 cycles at 5000 mA g-1. In operando high-energy X-ray diffraction further confirms the stable crystal structure of the rod-in-tube TiO2/C during Na+ insertion/extraction. Finally, this work highlights that nanostructure design is an effective strategy to achieve advanced energy storage materials.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.11.077},
journal = {Nano Energy},
number = C,
volume = 44,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 114 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referencing / citing this record:

Synthesis and characterization of Na0.44MnO2 nanorods/graphene composite as cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries
journal, June 2019


Synthesis and characterization of Na0.44MnO2 nanorods/graphene composite as cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries
journal, June 2019


Engineering Solid Electrolyte Interphase for Pseudocapacitive Anatase TiO 2 Anodes in Sodium-Ion Batteries
journal, May 2018

  • Xu, Zheng-Long; Lim, Kyungmi; Park, Kyu-Young
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201802099

2D Nanospace Confined Synthesis of Pseudocapacitance-Dominated MoS 2 -in-Ti 3 C 2 Superstructure for Ultrafast and Stable Li/Na-Ion Batteries
journal, August 2018

  • Ma, Kun; Jiang, Hao; Hu, Yanjie
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201804306

Plasma-Induced Amorphous Shell and Deep Cation-Site S Doping Endow TiO 2 with Extraordinary Sodium Storage Performance
journal, May 2018


Electrolytes and Electrolyte/Electrode Interfaces in Sodium‐Ion Batteries: From Scientific Research to Practical Application
journal, March 2019


High Volumetric Quasi-Solid-State Sodium-Ion Capacitor under High Mass Loading Conditions
journal, July 2018

  • Thangavel, Ranjith; Kannan, Aravindaraj G.; Ponraj, Rubha
  • Advanced Materials Interfaces, Vol. 5, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/admi.201800472

Comprehensive New Insights and Perspectives into Ti-Based Anodes for Next-Generation Alkaline Metal (Na + , K + ) Ion Batteries
journal, August 2018


Double Perovskite LaFe x Ni 1− x O 3 Nanorods Enable Efficient Oxygen Evolution Electrocatalysis
journal, January 2019


The Three‐Dimensional Dendrite‐Free Zinc Anode on a Copper Mesh with a Zinc‐Oriented Polyacrylamide Electrolyte Additive
journal, September 2019


Ti 3 C 2 : An Ideal Co‐catalyst?
journal, December 2019


Double Perovskite LaFe x Ni 1− x O 3 Nanorods Enable Efficient Oxygen Evolution Electrocatalysis
journal, January 2019

  • Wang, Huaping; Wang, Juan; Pi, Yecan
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201812545

The Three‐Dimensional Dendrite‐Free Zinc Anode on a Copper Mesh with a Zinc‐Oriented Polyacrylamide Electrolyte Additive
journal, September 2019

  • Zhang, Qi; Luan, Jingyi; Fu, Liang
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201907830

Ti 3 C 2 : An Ideal Co‐catalyst?
journal, January 2020

  • Wang, Biao; Wang, Mengye; Liu, Fangyan
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 59, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201913095

Phosphorus Doped Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: An Excellent Electrocatalyst for the VO 2+ /VO 2 + Redox Reaction
journal, July 2018


Three‐Dimensional Porous CoFe 2 O 4 /Graphene Composite for Highly Stable Sodium‐Ion Batteries
journal, January 2019


Plasma‐Enabled Ternary SnO 2 @Sn/Nitrogen‐Doped Graphene Aerogel Anode for Sodium‐Ion Batteries
journal, March 2020


Facile preparation of robust porous MoS2/C nanosheet networks as anode material for sodium ion batteries
journal, October 2018


Porous lithium titanate nanosheets as an advanced anode material for sodium ion batteries
journal, December 2019


The surface capacitance behavior and its contribution to the excellent performance of cobalt ferrite/carbon anode in lithium storage
journal, June 2019

  • Li, Yuzhu; Meng, Yanshuang; Xiao, Mingjun
  • Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 30, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10854-019-01629-x

Two-step carbon modification of NaTi2(PO4)3 with improved sodium storage performance for Na-ion batteries
journal, October 2018


MoO 3 nanosheet arrays as superior anode materials for Li- and Na-ion batteries
journal, January 2018


TiO 2 nanocrystals embedded in sulfur-doped porous carbon as high-performance and long-lasting anode materials for sodium-ion batteries
journal, January 2018

  • Li, Junfeng; Zhang, Xiaojie; Han, Lu
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta05617j

Adjusting the yolk–shell structure of carbon spheres to boost the capacitive K + storage ability
journal, January 2018

  • Zhang, Hehe; He, Hanna; Luan, Jingyi
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta07438k

Fabrication of double-shell hollow NiO@N-C nanotubes for a high-performance supercapacitor
journal, January 2019

  • Zhang, Lulu; Song, Xiumei; Tan, Lichao
  • New Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 43, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9nj02626f

Reviving bulky MoS 2 as an advanced anode for lithium-ion batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Li, Shicai; Liu, Ping; Huang, Xiaobing
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta01089k

Building highly stable and industrial NaVPO 4 F/C as bipolar electrodes for high-rate symmetric rechargeable sodium-ion full batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Chen, Chengcheng; Li, Tianjiao; Tian, Han
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta05396d

Ti-based electrode materials for electrochemical sodium ion storage and removal
journal, January 2019

  • Zhai, Haifa; Xia, Bao Yu; Park, Ho Seok
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta06713b

Vanadium-based nanowires for sodium-ion batteries
journal, February 2019


3D ordered mesoporous TiO 2 @CMK-3 nanostructure for sodium-ion batteries with long-term and high-rate performance
journal, March 2019


Sulfonated Carbon Nanotubes as Superior Catalysts towards V 3+ /V 2+ Redox Reaction for Vanadium Redox Flow Battery
journal, January 2018

  • He, Zhangxing; Cheng, Gang; Jiang, Yingqiao
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0751805jes

Flexible Freestanding Carbon Nanofiber-Embedded TiO 2 Nanoparticles as Anode Material for Sodium-Ion Batteries
journal, November 2018