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Title: Global Effects of Superparameterization on Hydrothermal Land‐Atmosphere Coupling on Multiple Timescales

Abstract

Many conventional General Circulation Models (GCMs) in the Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) tend to produce what is now recognized as overly strong land-atmosphere (L-A) coupling. We investigate the effects of cloud Superparameterization (SP) on L-A coupling on time-scales beyond diurnal where it has been recently shown to have a favorable muting effect hydrologically. Using the Community Atmosphere Model v3.5 (CAM3.5) and its Superparameterized counterpart SPCAM3.5, we conducted soil moisture interference experiments following the GLACE and Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP) protocols. The results show that, on weekly-to-subseasonal timescales, SP also mutes hydrologic L-A coupling. This is detectable globally, and happens through the evapotranspiration-precipitation segment. But on seasonal timescales, SP does not exhibit detectable effects on hydrologic L-A coupling. Two robust regional effects of SP on thermal L-A coupling have also been explored. Over the Arabian Peninsula, SP reduces thermal L-A coupling through a straightforward control by mean rainfall reduction. More counterintuitively, over the Southwestern US and Northern Mexico, SP enhances the thermal L-A coupling in a way that is independent of rainfall and soil moisture. This signal is associated with a systematic and previously unrecognized effect of SP that produces an amplified Bowen ratio, and is detectable in multiplemore » SP model versions and experiment designs. In addition to amplifying the present-day Bowen ratio, SP is found to amplify the climate sensitivity of Bowen ratio as well, which likely plays a role in influencing climate change predictions at the L-A interface.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]
  1. Department of Earth System ScienceUniversity of CaliforniaIrvine California USA
  2. Department of Earth System ScienceUniversity of CaliforniaIrvine California USA, Department of GeographyUniversity of GeorgiaAthens Georgia USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ., of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1422432
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1422433; OSTI ID: 1511475
Grant/Contract Number:  
DE‐SC0012152; SC0012152
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems Journal Volume: 10 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Superparameterization; land‐atmosphere coupling; Bowen ratio amplification; climate change

Citation Formats

Qin, Hongchen, Pritchard, Michael S., Kooperman, Gabriel J., and Parishani, Hossein. Global Effects of Superparameterization on Hydrothermal Land‐Atmosphere Coupling on Multiple Timescales. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/2017MS001185.
Qin, Hongchen, Pritchard, Michael S., Kooperman, Gabriel J., & Parishani, Hossein. Global Effects of Superparameterization on Hydrothermal Land‐Atmosphere Coupling on Multiple Timescales. United States. doi:10.1002/2017MS001185.
Qin, Hongchen, Pritchard, Michael S., Kooperman, Gabriel J., and Parishani, Hossein. Fri . "Global Effects of Superparameterization on Hydrothermal Land‐Atmosphere Coupling on Multiple Timescales". United States. doi:10.1002/2017MS001185.
@article{osti_1422432,
title = {Global Effects of Superparameterization on Hydrothermal Land‐Atmosphere Coupling on Multiple Timescales},
author = {Qin, Hongchen and Pritchard, Michael S. and Kooperman, Gabriel J. and Parishani, Hossein},
abstractNote = {Many conventional General Circulation Models (GCMs) in the Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) tend to produce what is now recognized as overly strong land-atmosphere (L-A) coupling. We investigate the effects of cloud Superparameterization (SP) on L-A coupling on time-scales beyond diurnal where it has been recently shown to have a favorable muting effect hydrologically. Using the Community Atmosphere Model v3.5 (CAM3.5) and its Superparameterized counterpart SPCAM3.5, we conducted soil moisture interference experiments following the GLACE and Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP) protocols. The results show that, on weekly-to-subseasonal timescales, SP also mutes hydrologic L-A coupling. This is detectable globally, and happens through the evapotranspiration-precipitation segment. But on seasonal timescales, SP does not exhibit detectable effects on hydrologic L-A coupling. Two robust regional effects of SP on thermal L-A coupling have also been explored. Over the Arabian Peninsula, SP reduces thermal L-A coupling through a straightforward control by mean rainfall reduction. More counterintuitively, over the Southwestern US and Northern Mexico, SP enhances the thermal L-A coupling in a way that is independent of rainfall and soil moisture. This signal is associated with a systematic and previously unrecognized effect of SP that produces an amplified Bowen ratio, and is detectable in multiple SP model versions and experiment designs. In addition to amplifying the present-day Bowen ratio, SP is found to amplify the climate sensitivity of Bowen ratio as well, which likely plays a role in influencing climate change predictions at the L-A interface.},
doi = {10.1002/2017MS001185},
journal = {Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems},
number = 2,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
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DOI: 10.1002/2017MS001185

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