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Title: Low-dose x-ray tomography through a deep convolutional neural network

Synchrotron-based X-ray tomography offers the potential of rapid large-scale reconstructions of the interiors of materials and biological tissue at fine resolution. However, for radiation sensitive samples, there remain fundamental trade-offs between damaging samples during longer acquisition times and reducing signals with shorter acquisition times. We present a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) method that increases the acquired X-ray tomographic signal by at least a factor of 10 during low-dose fast acquisition by improving the quality of recorded projections. Short exposure time projections enhanced with CNN show similar signal to noise ratios as compared with long exposure time projections and much lower noise and more structural information than low-dose fats acquisition without CNN. We optimized this approach using simulated samples and further validated on experimental nano-computed tomography data of radiation sensitive mouse brains acquired with a transmission X-ray microscopy. We demonstrate that automated algorithms can reliably trace brain structures in datasets collected with low dose-CNN. As a result, this method can be applied to other tomographic or scanning based X-ray imaging techniques and has great potential for studying faster dynamics in specimens.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  2. Georgia Institute of Technology & Emory Univ., Atlanta, GA (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States); Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States); Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1421983