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This content will become publicly available on November 17, 2018

Title: Influence of Countercation Hydration Enthalpies on the Formation of Molecular Complexes: A Thorium–Nitrate Example

Here, the influence of countercations (A n+) in directing the composition of monomeric metal–ligand (ML) complexes that precipitate from solution are often overlooked despite the wide usage of A n+ in materials synthesis. Herein, we describe a correlation between the composition of ML complexes and A + hydration enthalpies found for two related series of thorium (Th)–nitrate molecular compounds obtained by evaporating acidic aqueous Th–nitrate solutions in the presence of A + counterions. Analyses of their chemical composition and solid-state structures demonstrate that A + not only affects the overall solid-state packing of the Th–nitrato complexes but also influences the composition of the Th–nitrato monomeric anions themselves. Trends in composition and structure are found to correlate with A + hydration enthalpies, such that the A + with smaller hydration enthalpies associate with less hydrated and more anionic Th–nitrato complexes. This perspective, broader than the general assumption of size and charge as the dominant influence of A n+, opens a new avenue for the design and synthesis of targeted metal–ligand complexes.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 139; Journal Issue: 49; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1421980