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Title: Improved performance through tight coupling of redox cycles of sulfur and 2,6-polyanthraquinone in lithium–sulfur batteries

Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries offer high theoretical capacity and energy density; however, complex nanoengineered cathodes have been required to suppress the unwanted polysulfide shuttling. The textural complexity of such electrodes hinders detailed understanding of their function, impeding the development of new materials. In this report, the redox-active polymer 2,6-polyanthraquinone (PAQ) was incorporated into the cathode. The presence of this polymer improves capacity retention in galvanostatic cycling and inhibits Li corrosion and S deposition. In conclusion, we show that redox reactions of this polymer are strongly coupled to the S redox cycle and hypothesize that the observed improvements in the performance originate from the electrocatalytic inhibition of polysulfide shuttling in this system.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 46; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE
OSTI Identifier:
1421979

Lau, Ka-Cheong, Shkrob, Ilya A., Dietz Rago, Nancy L., Connell, Justin G., Phelan, Daniel, Hu, Bin, Zhang, Lu, Zhang, Zhengcheng, and Liao, Chen. Improved performance through tight coupling of redox cycles of sulfur and 2,6-polyanthraquinone in lithium–sulfur batteries. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1039/C7TA08129D.
Lau, Ka-Cheong, Shkrob, Ilya A., Dietz Rago, Nancy L., Connell, Justin G., Phelan, Daniel, Hu, Bin, Zhang, Lu, Zhang, Zhengcheng, & Liao, Chen. Improved performance through tight coupling of redox cycles of sulfur and 2,6-polyanthraquinone in lithium–sulfur batteries. United States. doi:10.1039/C7TA08129D.
Lau, Ka-Cheong, Shkrob, Ilya A., Dietz Rago, Nancy L., Connell, Justin G., Phelan, Daniel, Hu, Bin, Zhang, Lu, Zhang, Zhengcheng, and Liao, Chen. 2017. "Improved performance through tight coupling of redox cycles of sulfur and 2,6-polyanthraquinone in lithium–sulfur batteries". United States. doi:10.1039/C7TA08129D. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1421979.
@article{osti_1421979,
title = {Improved performance through tight coupling of redox cycles of sulfur and 2,6-polyanthraquinone in lithium–sulfur batteries},
author = {Lau, Ka-Cheong and Shkrob, Ilya A. and Dietz Rago, Nancy L. and Connell, Justin G. and Phelan, Daniel and Hu, Bin and Zhang, Lu and Zhang, Zhengcheng and Liao, Chen},
abstractNote = {Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries offer high theoretical capacity and energy density; however, complex nanoengineered cathodes have been required to suppress the unwanted polysulfide shuttling. The textural complexity of such electrodes hinders detailed understanding of their function, impeding the development of new materials. In this report, the redox-active polymer 2,6-polyanthraquinone (PAQ) was incorporated into the cathode. The presence of this polymer improves capacity retention in galvanostatic cycling and inhibits Li corrosion and S deposition. In conclusion, we show that redox reactions of this polymer are strongly coupled to the S redox cycle and hypothesize that the observed improvements in the performance originate from the electrocatalytic inhibition of polysulfide shuttling in this system.},
doi = {10.1039/C7TA08129D},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry. A},
number = 46,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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