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Title: Dependence of spin pumping and spin transfer torque upon Ni 81 Fe 19 thickness in Ta / Ag / Ni 81 Fe 19 / Ag / Co 2 MnGe / Ag / Ta spin-valve structures

Spin pumping has been studied within Ta / Ag / Ni 81Fe 19 (0–5 nm) / Ag (6 nm) / Co 2MnGe (5 nm) / Ag / Ta large-area spin-valve structures, and the transverse spin current absorption of Ni 81Fe 19 sink layers of different thicknesses has been explored. In some circumstances, the spin current absorption can be inferred from the modification of the Co 2MnGe source layer damping in vector network analyzer ferromagnetic resonance (VNA-FMR) experiments. However, the spin current absorption is more accurately determined from element-specific phase-resolved x-ray ferromagnetic resonance (XFMR) measurements that directly probe the spin transfer torque (STT) acting on the sink layer at the source layer resonance. Comparison with a macrospin model allows the real part of the effective spin mixing conductance to be extracted. We find that spin current absorption in the outer Ta layers has a significant impact, while sink layers with thicknesses of less than 0.6 nm are found to be discontinuous and superparamagnetic at room temperature, and lead to a noticeable increase of the source layer damping. For the thickest 5-nm sink layer, increased spin current absorption is found to coincide with a reduction of the zero frequency FMR linewidth thatmore » we attribute to improved interface quality. Furthermore, this study shows that the transverse spin current absorption does not follow a universal dependence upon sink layer thickness but instead the structural quality of the sink layer plays a crucial role.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [6]
  1. Univ. of Exeter, Exeter (United Kingdom)
  2. Diamond Light Source, Didcot (United Kingdom)
  3. Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of York, York (United Kingdom)
  6. HGST, San Jose, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS
OSTI Identifier:
1421829
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1400009

Durrant, C. J., Shelford, L. R., Valkass, R. A. J., Hicken, R. J., Figueroa, A. I., Baker, A. A., van der Laan, G., Duffy, L. B., Shafer, P., Klewe, C., Arenholz, E., Cavill, S. A., Childress, J. R., and Katine, J. A.. Dependence of spin pumping and spin transfer torque upon Ni81Fe19 thickness in Ta/Ag/Ni81Fe19/Ag/Co2MnGe/Ag/Ta spin-valve structures. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.144421.
Durrant, C. J., Shelford, L. R., Valkass, R. A. J., Hicken, R. J., Figueroa, A. I., Baker, A. A., van der Laan, G., Duffy, L. B., Shafer, P., Klewe, C., Arenholz, E., Cavill, S. A., Childress, J. R., & Katine, J. A.. Dependence of spin pumping and spin transfer torque upon Ni81Fe19 thickness in Ta/Ag/Ni81Fe19/Ag/Co2MnGe/Ag/Ta spin-valve structures. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.144421.
Durrant, C. J., Shelford, L. R., Valkass, R. A. J., Hicken, R. J., Figueroa, A. I., Baker, A. A., van der Laan, G., Duffy, L. B., Shafer, P., Klewe, C., Arenholz, E., Cavill, S. A., Childress, J. R., and Katine, J. A.. 2017. "Dependence of spin pumping and spin transfer torque upon Ni81Fe19 thickness in Ta/Ag/Ni81Fe19/Ag/Co2MnGe/Ag/Ta spin-valve structures". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.144421. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1421829.
@article{osti_1421829,
title = {Dependence of spin pumping and spin transfer torque upon Ni81Fe19 thickness in Ta/Ag/Ni81Fe19/Ag/Co2MnGe/Ag/Ta spin-valve structures},
author = {Durrant, C. J. and Shelford, L. R. and Valkass, R. A. J. and Hicken, R. J. and Figueroa, A. I. and Baker, A. A. and van der Laan, G. and Duffy, L. B. and Shafer, P. and Klewe, C. and Arenholz, E. and Cavill, S. A. and Childress, J. R. and Katine, J. A.},
abstractNote = {Spin pumping has been studied within Ta / Ag / Ni81Fe19 (0–5 nm) / Ag (6 nm) / Co2MnGe (5 nm) / Ag / Ta large-area spin-valve structures, and the transverse spin current absorption of Ni81Fe19 sink layers of different thicknesses has been explored. In some circumstances, the spin current absorption can be inferred from the modification of the Co2MnGe source layer damping in vector network analyzer ferromagnetic resonance (VNA-FMR) experiments. However, the spin current absorption is more accurately determined from element-specific phase-resolved x-ray ferromagnetic resonance (XFMR) measurements that directly probe the spin transfer torque (STT) acting on the sink layer at the source layer resonance. Comparison with a macrospin model allows the real part of the effective spin mixing conductance to be extracted. We find that spin current absorption in the outer Ta layers has a significant impact, while sink layers with thicknesses of less than 0.6 nm are found to be discontinuous and superparamagnetic at room temperature, and lead to a noticeable increase of the source layer damping. For the thickest 5-nm sink layer, increased spin current absorption is found to coincide with a reduction of the zero frequency FMR linewidth that we attribute to improved interface quality. Furthermore, this study shows that the transverse spin current absorption does not follow a universal dependence upon sink layer thickness but instead the structural quality of the sink layer plays a crucial role.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.96.144421},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 14,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}