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Title: High-speed fixed-target serial virus crystallography

Here, we report a method for serial X-ray crystallography at X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs), which allows for full use of the current 120-Hz repetition rate of the Linear Coherent Light Source (LCLS). Using a micropatterned silicon chip in combination with the high-speed Roadrunner goniometer for sample delivery, we were able to determine the crystal structures of the picornavirus bovine enterovirus 2 (BEV2) and the cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus type 18 polyhedrin, with total data collection times of less than 14 and 10 min, respectively. Our method requires only micrograms of sample and should therefore broaden the applicability of serial femtosecond crystallography to challenging projects for which only limited sample amounts are available. By synchronizing the sample exchange to the XFEL repetition rate, our method allows for most efficient use of the limited beam time available at XFELs and should enable a substantial increase in sample throughput at these facilities.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [6] ; ORCiD logo [6] ;  [6] ;  [6] ;  [3] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] more »;  [9] ;  [9] ; ORCiD logo [9] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [10] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [4] ;  [11] « less
  1. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany). Photon Science
  2. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Harwell Campus, Oxford (United Kingdom). Diamond Light Source, Ltd.
  3. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics
  4. Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Harwell Campus, Oxford (United Kingdom). Diamond Light Source, Ltd.
  5. Univ. of Eastern Finland, Joensuu (Finland). Inst. of Photonics
  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division
  7. Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom). School of Molecular and Cellular Biology; Pirbright Inst., Pirbright (United Kingdom)
  8. Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom). School of Molecular and Cellular Biology
  9. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS)
  10. Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
  11. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany). Photon Science; Center for Free Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Hamburg (Germany)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; AC02-76SF00515; MR/N00065X/1; GM102520; GM117126
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Methods
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1548-7091
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Institutes of Health (NIH); Wellcome Trust
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Nanocrystallography; Proteins; Virology
OSTI Identifier:
1421803