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Title: Nucleon effective masses in neutron-rich matter

Abstract

Various kinds of isovector nucleon effective masses are used in the literature to characterize the momentum/energy dependence of the nucleon symmetry potential or self-energy due to the space/time non-locality of the underlying isovector strong interaction in neutron-rich nucleonic matter. The multifaceted studies on nucleon isovector effective masses are multi-disciplinary in nature. Besides structures, masses and low-lying excited states of nuclei as well as nuclear reactions, studies of the isospin dependence of short-range correlations in nuclei from scatterings of high-energy electrons and protons on heavy nuclei also help understand nucleon effective masses especially the so-called E-mass in neutron-rich matter. A thorough understanding of all kinds of nucleon effective masses has multiple impacts on many interesting issues in both nuclear physics and astrophysics. Indeed, essentially all microscopic many-body theories and phenomenological models with various nuclear forces available in the literature have been used to calculate single-nucleon potentials and the associated nucleon effective masses in neutron-rich matter. There are also fundamental principles connecting different aspects and impacts of isovector strong interactions. In particular, the Hugenholtz–Van Hove theorem connects analytically nuclear symmetry energy with both isoscalar and isovector nucleon effective masses as well as their own momentum dependences. It also reveals how the isospin-quarticmore » term in the equation of state of neutron-rich matter depends on the high-order momentum-derivatives of both isoscalar and isovector nucleon potentials. The Migdal–Luttinger theorem facilitates the extraction of nucleon E-mass and its isospin dependence from experimentally constrained single-nucleon momentum distributions. The momentum/energy dependence of the symmetry potential and the corresponding neutron–proton effective mass splitting also affect transport properties and the liquid–gas phase transition in neutron-rich matter. Moreover, they influence the dynamics and isospin-sensitive observables of heavy-ion collisions through both the Vlasov term and the collision integrals of the Boltzmann–Uehling–Uhlenbeck transport equation. We review here some of the significant progresses made in recent years by the nuclear physics community in resolving some of the hotly debated and longstanding issues regarding nucleon effective masses especially in dense neutron-rich matter. We also point out some of the remaining key issues requiring further investigations in the era of high precision experiments using advanced rare isotope beams.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Texas A & M Univ., Commerce, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC); Major State Basic Research Development Program in China; Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Particle Physics and Cosmology
OSTI Identifier:
1421771
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1658223
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0009971; SC0013702; 11320101004; 2013CB834405; 2015CB856904; 11625521; 11275125; 11135011; 2014CB845401; 11475243; 11421505; Y290061011; Y526011011; 15DZ2272100
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics Journal Volume: 99 Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0146-6410
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; nucleon effective mass; equation of state; neutron-rich matter; nuclear symmetry energy; optical potential; short-range correlation

Citation Formats

Li, Bao-An, Cai, Bao-Jun, Chen, Lie-Wen, and Xu, Jun. Nucleon effective masses in neutron-rich matter. United Kingdom: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2018.01.001.
Li, Bao-An, Cai, Bao-Jun, Chen, Lie-Wen, & Xu, Jun. Nucleon effective masses in neutron-rich matter. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2018.01.001
Li, Bao-An, Cai, Bao-Jun, Chen, Lie-Wen, and Xu, Jun. Thu . "Nucleon effective masses in neutron-rich matter". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2018.01.001.
@article{osti_1421771,
title = {Nucleon effective masses in neutron-rich matter},
author = {Li, Bao-An and Cai, Bao-Jun and Chen, Lie-Wen and Xu, Jun},
abstractNote = {Various kinds of isovector nucleon effective masses are used in the literature to characterize the momentum/energy dependence of the nucleon symmetry potential or self-energy due to the space/time non-locality of the underlying isovector strong interaction in neutron-rich nucleonic matter. The multifaceted studies on nucleon isovector effective masses are multi-disciplinary in nature. Besides structures, masses and low-lying excited states of nuclei as well as nuclear reactions, studies of the isospin dependence of short-range correlations in nuclei from scatterings of high-energy electrons and protons on heavy nuclei also help understand nucleon effective masses especially the so-called E-mass in neutron-rich matter. A thorough understanding of all kinds of nucleon effective masses has multiple impacts on many interesting issues in both nuclear physics and astrophysics. Indeed, essentially all microscopic many-body theories and phenomenological models with various nuclear forces available in the literature have been used to calculate single-nucleon potentials and the associated nucleon effective masses in neutron-rich matter. There are also fundamental principles connecting different aspects and impacts of isovector strong interactions. In particular, the Hugenholtz–Van Hove theorem connects analytically nuclear symmetry energy with both isoscalar and isovector nucleon effective masses as well as their own momentum dependences. It also reveals how the isospin-quartic term in the equation of state of neutron-rich matter depends on the high-order momentum-derivatives of both isoscalar and isovector nucleon potentials. The Migdal–Luttinger theorem facilitates the extraction of nucleon E-mass and its isospin dependence from experimentally constrained single-nucleon momentum distributions. The momentum/energy dependence of the symmetry potential and the corresponding neutron–proton effective mass splitting also affect transport properties and the liquid–gas phase transition in neutron-rich matter. Moreover, they influence the dynamics and isospin-sensitive observables of heavy-ion collisions through both the Vlasov term and the collision integrals of the Boltzmann–Uehling–Uhlenbeck transport equation. We review here some of the significant progresses made in recent years by the nuclear physics community in resolving some of the hotly debated and longstanding issues regarding nucleon effective masses especially in dense neutron-rich matter. We also point out some of the remaining key issues requiring further investigations in the era of high precision experiments using advanced rare isotope beams.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ppnp.2018.01.001},
journal = {Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics},
number = C,
volume = 99,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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    • Li, Bao-An; Krastev, P. G.; Wen, De-Hua
    • XIAMEN-CUSTIPEN WORKSHOP ON THE EQUATION OF STATE OF DENSE NEUTRON-RICH MATTER IN THE ERA OF GRAVITATIONAL WAVE ASTRONOMY, AIP Conference Proceedings
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    Influence of the nuclear matter equation of state on the r -mode instability using the finite-range simple effective interaction
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    • Pattnaik, S. P.; Routray, T. R.; Viñas, X.
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    Isospin composition of the high-momentum fluctuations in nuclei from asymptotic momentum distributions
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    Equation of state effects in the core collapse of a 20 M star
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    Proton-proton momentum correlation function as a probe of the high momentum tail of the nucleon-momentum distribution
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    Extracting nuclear symmetry energies at high densities from observations of neutron stars and gravitational waves
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    Towards understanding astrophysical effects of nuclear symmetry energy
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