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Title: The benefits of grid-scale storage on Oahu

The Hawaiian Electric Company intends to procure grid-scale Battery Energy Storage System (“BESS”) capacity. The purpose of this study is to determine whether providing contingency reserve or time-of-day shifting is of more benefit to the Oahu grid, and to better understand the relationship between BESS size and level of benefit. This is an independent study by Sandia, and is not being used to support the regulatory case for BESS capacity by Hawaiian Electric. The study team created a production cost model of the Oahu grid using data primarily from the Hawaiian Electric Company. The proposed BESS supplied contingency reserve in one set of runs and time-of-day shifting in another. Supplying contingency reserve led to larger savings than time-of-day energy shifting. Assuming a renewable reserve and a quick-start reserve, and $15/MMBtu for Low-Sulphur Fuel Oil, the 50-MW/25-MWh, 100-MW/50-MWh, and 150-MW/75-MWh systems supplying contingency reserve provided, respectively, savings of 9.6, 15.6, and 18.3 million USD over system year 2018. Over the range of fuel prices tested, these cost savings were found to be directly proportional to the cost of fuel. Lastly, as the focus is the operational benefit of BESS capacity, the capacity value of the BESS was not included in benefitmore » calculations.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-8589J
Journal ID: ISSN 2352-152X; PII: S2352152X17303432
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Energy Storage
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 15; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2352-152X
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Energy storage; Reserves; Production cost model; Hawaii
OSTI Identifier:
1421611

Ellison, James F., Rashkin, Lee J., Serio, Joseph, and Byrne, Raymond H.. The benefits of grid-scale storage on Oahu. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.est.2017.12.009.
Ellison, James F., Rashkin, Lee J., Serio, Joseph, & Byrne, Raymond H.. The benefits of grid-scale storage on Oahu. United States. doi:10.1016/j.est.2017.12.009.
Ellison, James F., Rashkin, Lee J., Serio, Joseph, and Byrne, Raymond H.. 2017. "The benefits of grid-scale storage on Oahu". United States. doi:10.1016/j.est.2017.12.009. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1421611.
@article{osti_1421611,
title = {The benefits of grid-scale storage on Oahu},
author = {Ellison, James F. and Rashkin, Lee J. and Serio, Joseph and Byrne, Raymond H.},
abstractNote = {The Hawaiian Electric Company intends to procure grid-scale Battery Energy Storage System (“BESS”) capacity. The purpose of this study is to determine whether providing contingency reserve or time-of-day shifting is of more benefit to the Oahu grid, and to better understand the relationship between BESS size and level of benefit. This is an independent study by Sandia, and is not being used to support the regulatory case for BESS capacity by Hawaiian Electric. The study team created a production cost model of the Oahu grid using data primarily from the Hawaiian Electric Company. The proposed BESS supplied contingency reserve in one set of runs and time-of-day shifting in another. Supplying contingency reserve led to larger savings than time-of-day energy shifting. Assuming a renewable reserve and a quick-start reserve, and $15/MMBtu for Low-Sulphur Fuel Oil, the 50-MW/25-MWh, 100-MW/50-MWh, and 150-MW/75-MWh systems supplying contingency reserve provided, respectively, savings of 9.6, 15.6, and 18.3 million USD over system year 2018. Over the range of fuel prices tested, these cost savings were found to be directly proportional to the cost of fuel. Lastly, as the focus is the operational benefit of BESS capacity, the capacity value of the BESS was not included in benefit calculations.},
doi = {10.1016/j.est.2017.12.009},
journal = {Journal of Energy Storage},
number = C,
volume = 15,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}