skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Analytical models of transmission probabilities for electron sources

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]
  1. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375, USA
  2. United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland 21402, USA
  3. Directed Energy Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87117, USA
  4. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA
  5. Leidos, Billerica, Massachusetts 01821, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1421564
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0013246; AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics Journal Volume: 123 Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Jensen, Kevin L., Finkenstadt, Daniel, Shiffler, Donald A., Shabaev, Andrew, Lambrakos, Samuel G., Moody, Nathan A., and Petillo, John J. Analytical models of transmission probabilities for electron sources. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5018602.
Jensen, Kevin L., Finkenstadt, Daniel, Shiffler, Donald A., Shabaev, Andrew, Lambrakos, Samuel G., Moody, Nathan A., & Petillo, John J. Analytical models of transmission probabilities for electron sources. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5018602.
Jensen, Kevin L., Finkenstadt, Daniel, Shiffler, Donald A., Shabaev, Andrew, Lambrakos, Samuel G., Moody, Nathan A., and Petillo, John J. Wed . "Analytical models of transmission probabilities for electron sources". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5018602.
@article{osti_1421564,
title = {Analytical models of transmission probabilities for electron sources},
author = {Jensen, Kevin L. and Finkenstadt, Daniel and Shiffler, Donald A. and Shabaev, Andrew and Lambrakos, Samuel G. and Moody, Nathan A. and Petillo, John J.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1063/1.5018602},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1063/1.5018602

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Development of a high average current polarized electron source with long cathode operational lifetime
journal, February 2007

  • Sinclair, C. K.; Adderley, P. A.; Dunham, B. M.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 10, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.10.023501

Active bialkali photocathodes on free-standing graphene substrates
journal, June 2017

  • Yamaguchi, Hisato; Liu, Fangze; DeFazio, Jeffrey
  • npj 2D Materials and Applications, Vol. 1, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/s41699-017-0014-6

Self focusing of field emitted electrons at an ellipsoidal tip
journal, July 2010

  • Kyritsakis, A.; Kokkorakis, G. C.; Xanthakis, J. P.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 97, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3462934

A WKB-Type Approximation to the Schrödinger Equation
journal, July 1953


Energy Distributions for Thermal Field Emission
journal, April 1971


Negative affinity 3–5 photocathodes: Their physics and technology
journal, February 1977


Modeling emission lag after photoexcitation
journal, October 2017

  • Jensen, Kevin L.; Petillo, John J.; Ovtchinnikov, Serguei
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 122, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5008366

A photoemission moments model using density functional and transfer matrix methods applied to coating layers on surfaces: Theory
journal, January 2018

  • Jensen, Kevin L.; Finkenstadt, Daniel; Shabaev, Andrew
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 123, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5008600

Electron Emission of Metals in Electric Fields II. Field Dependence of the Surface Photo-Effect
journal, June 1941


Electron Emission in Intense Electric Fields
journal, May 1928

  • Fowler, R. H.; Nordheim, L.
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 119, Issue 781
  • DOI: 10.1098/rspa.1928.0091

Diffusion and desorption of barium and oxygen on tungsten dispenser cathode surfaces
journal, October 1985


Field Emission Tip as a Nanometer Source of Free Electron Femtosecond Pulses
journal, February 2006


Resonance-Tunneling Spectroscopy of Atoms Adsorbed on Metal Surfaces: Theory
journal, March 1970


Current from a nano-gap hyperbolic diode using shape-factors: Theory
journal, August 2017

  • Jensen, Kevin L.; Shiffler, Donald A.; Peckerar, Martin
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 122, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4997457

Reflectionless eigenstates of the sech2 potential
journal, December 2007


A Theory of Secondary Electron Emission from Metals
journal, June 1950


Theory of resonant tunneling in a variably spaced multiquantum well structure: An Airy function approach
journal, January 1987

  • Brennan, K. F.; Summers, C. J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 61, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.338213

On the need for a tunneling pre-factor in Fowler–Nordheim tunneling theory
journal, June 2008

  • Forbes, Richard G.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 103, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2937077

Photon-enhanced thermionic emission from heterostructures with low interface recombination
journal, March 2013

  • Schwede, J. W.; Sarmiento, T.; Narasimhan, V. K.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2577

Theoretical analysis of ion-enhanced thermionic emission for low-temperature, non-equilibrium gas discharges
journal, December 2012


Thermionic Emission
journal, April 1949


Theory of the Energy Distribution of Photoelectrons
journal, May 1933


A Contribution to the Theory of the B. W. K. Method
journal, September 1935


Emittance, surface structure, and electron emission
journal, April 2014

  • Jensen, Kevin L.; Shiffler, Donald A.; Petillo, John J.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 17, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.17.043402

3-5 compound photocathodes: A new family of photoemitters with greatly improved performance
journal, January 1970


Reformulation of the standard theory of Fowler–Nordheim tunnelling and cold field electron emission
journal, August 2007

  • Forbes, Richard G.; Deane, Jonathan H. B.
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 463, Issue 2087
  • DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2007.0030

Negative electron affinity silicon heterojunction photocathodes with alkali antimonide intermediate layers
journal, November 1992

  • Guo, Tailiang
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 72, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.352204

The Quantum Theory of Nuclear Disintegration
journal, November 1928


Periodic Deviations in the Schottky Effect
journal, December 1953


Electronic structure of c (2×2) Ba adsorbed on W(001)
journal, April 1993


Transmission coefficients for the exact triangular barrier: an exact general analytical theory that can replace Fowler & Nordheim's 1928 theory
journal, May 2011

  • Forbes, Richard G.; Deane, Jonathan H. B.
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 467, Issue 2134
  • DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2011.0025

Beam spot diameter of the near-field scanning electron microscopy
journal, February 2013


Electron sources for accelerators
journal, February 2008

  • Hernandez-Garcia, Carlos; O’Shea, Patrick G.; Stutzman, Marcy L.
  • Physics Today, Vol. 61, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2883909

Modeling electron emission and surface effects from diamond cathodes
journal, February 2015

  • Dimitrov, D. A.; Smithe, D.; Cary, J. R.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 117, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4907393

Field‐Electron‐Microscopy Studies of Cesium Layers on Various Refractory Metals: Work Function Change
journal, March 1968

  • Swanson, L. W.; Strayer, R. W.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 48, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1669464

Photoelectron surface escape probability of (Ga,In)As : Cs–O in the 0.9 to [inverted lazy s] 1.6 μm range
journal, September 1972

  • Fisher, D. G.; Enstrom, R. E.; Escher, J. S.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 43, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1661817

Cathode R&D for future light sources
journal, October 2010

  • Dowell, D. H.; Bazarov, I.; Dunham, B.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 622, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2010.03.104

Electron Emission from Metals as a Function of Temperature
journal, February 1924


Scaling properties of a non-Fowler–Nordheim tunnelling junction
journal, June 2014

  • Kyritsakis, A.; Xanthakis, J. P.; Pescia, D.
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 470, Issue 2166
  • DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2013.0795

A quantum dipole–modified work function for a simplified electron emission barrier
journal, March 2012

  • Jensen, Kevin L.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 111, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3692571

A tutorial on electron sources
journal, June 2018


Numerical simulation of field emission and tunneling: A comparison of the Wigner function and transmission coefficient approaches
journal, May 1993

  • Jensen, K. L.; Ganguly, A. K.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 73, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.352779

Single layer graphene protective gas barrier for copper photocathodes
journal, January 2017

  • Liu, Fangze; Moody, Nathan A.; Jensen, Kevin L.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 110, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4974738

Theoretical analysis of 1D resonant tunneling behavior in ion-enhanced cold field and thermo-field emission
journal, December 2016

  • Tan, Xi; Rumbach, Paul; Griggs, Nathaniel
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4971263

3-D ICEPIC simulations of the relativistic klystron oscillator
journal, June 2000

  • Watrous, J. J.; Sasser, G. E.; Luginsland, J. W.
  • IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 28, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/27.887733

Electron transmission studies of diamond films
journal, May 2002


Surface Barrier Transmissivity Determination with Small Work Function Variation Method
journal, March 1999


A diffusion model for picosecond electron bunches from negative electron affinity GaAs photocathodes
journal, August 1999

  • Hartmann, P.; Bermuth, J.; v. Harrach, D.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 86, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.371037

Thermionic Emission, Field Emission, and the Transition Region
journal, June 1956


Multiscale three-dimensional simulations of charge gain and transport in diamond
journal, October 2010

  • Dimitrov, D. A.; Busby, R.; Cary, J. R.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 108, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3491041

Simulations and experiments with space-charge-dominated beams
journal, May 2003

  • Kishek, R. A.; Bernal, S.; Bohn, C. L.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 10, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1558291

Quantum Mechanics of Electrons in Crystal Lattices
journal, February 1931

  • de L. Kronig, R.; Penney, W. G.
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 130, Issue 814
  • DOI: 10.1098/rspa.1931.0019

General formulation of thermal, field, and photoinduced electron emission
journal, July 2007

  • Jensen, Kevin L.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 102, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2752122

Monte Carlo charge transport and photoemission from negative electron affinity GaAs photocathodes
journal, March 2013

  • Karkare, Siddharth; Dimitrov, Dimitre; Schaff, William
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4794822

Recent Developments to the MICHELLE 2-D/3-D Electron Gun and Collector Modeling Code
journal, May 2005

  • Petillo, J. J.; Nelson, E. M.; DeFord, J. F.
  • IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 52, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/TED.2005.845800

Exact solution of the Schrodinger equation across an arbitrary one‐dimensional piecewise‐linear potential barrier
journal, September 1986

  • Lui, Wayne W.; Fukuma, Masao
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 60, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.337788

Tunneling in a finite superlattice
journal, June 1973

  • Tsu, R.; Esaki, L.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 22, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1654509

Thermionic and Adsorption Characteristics of Thorium on Tungsten
journal, March 1933


Resonant tunneling in asymmetrical double-barrier structures under an applied electric field
journal, July 1998

  • Miyamoto, Kiyoshi; Yamamoto, Hiroaki
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 84, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.368029

Calculated electron energy distribution of negative electron affinity cathodes
journal, August 1999


Electronic properties of stoichiometric Ba and O overlayers adsorbed on W(001)
journal, August 1989


Work Function Variation of Metals Coated by Metallic Films
journal, January 1962

  • Gyftopoulos, Elias P.; Levine, Jules D.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 33, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1728530