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Title: An Aqueous Inorganic Polymer Binder for High Performance Lithium–Sulfur Batteries with Flame-Retardant Properties

Abstract

Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries are regarded as promising next-generation high energy density storage devices for both portable electronics and electric vehicles due to their high energy density, low cost, and environmental friendliness. However, there remain some issues yet to be fully addressed with the main challenges stemming from the ionically insulating nature of sulfur and the dissolution of polysulfides in electrolyte with subsequent parasitic reactions leading to low sulfur utilization and poor cycle life. The high flammability of sulfur is another serious safety concern which has hindered its further application. Herein, an aqueous inorganic polymer, ammonium polyphosphate (APP), has been developed as a novel multifunctional binder to address the above issues. The strong binding affinity of the main chain of APP with lithium polysulfides blocks diffusion of polysulfide anions and inhibits their shuttling effect. The coupling of APP with Li ion facilitates ion transfer and promotes the kinetics of the cathode reaction. Moreover, APP can serve as a flame retardant, thus significantly reducing the flammability of the sulfur cathode. In addition, the aqueous characteristic of the binder avoids the use of toxic organic solvents, thus significantly improving safety. As a result, a high rate capacity of 520 mAh g–1 at 4more » C and excellent cycling stability of ~0.038% capacity decay per cycle at 0.5 C for 400 cycles are achieved based on this binder. In conclusion, this work offers a feasible and effective strategy for employing APP as an efficient multifunctional binder toward building next-generation high energy density Li–S batteries.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United States
  2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing, 100191, P. R. China
  3. State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, 100081, P. R. China
  4. Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United States
  5. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United States, Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, California 94025, United States
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Transportation Office. Vehicle Technologies Office; USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1420454
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1437553
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; NCET-12-0033; 11404017
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
ACS Central Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: ACS Central Science Journal Volume: 4 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2374-7943
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Zhou, Guangmin, Liu, Kai, Fan, Yanchen, Yuan, Mengqi, Liu, Bofei, Liu, Wei, Shi, Feifei, Liu, Yayuan, Chen, Wei, Lopez, Jeffrey, Zhuo, Denys, Zhao, Jie, Tsao, Yuchi, Huang, Xuanyi, Zhang, Qianfan, and Cui, Yi. An Aqueous Inorganic Polymer Binder for High Performance Lithium–Sulfur Batteries with Flame-Retardant Properties. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscentsci.7b00569.
Zhou, Guangmin, Liu, Kai, Fan, Yanchen, Yuan, Mengqi, Liu, Bofei, Liu, Wei, Shi, Feifei, Liu, Yayuan, Chen, Wei, Lopez, Jeffrey, Zhuo, Denys, Zhao, Jie, Tsao, Yuchi, Huang, Xuanyi, Zhang, Qianfan, & Cui, Yi. An Aqueous Inorganic Polymer Binder for High Performance Lithium–Sulfur Batteries with Flame-Retardant Properties. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscentsci.7b00569
Zhou, Guangmin, Liu, Kai, Fan, Yanchen, Yuan, Mengqi, Liu, Bofei, Liu, Wei, Shi, Feifei, Liu, Yayuan, Chen, Wei, Lopez, Jeffrey, Zhuo, Denys, Zhao, Jie, Tsao, Yuchi, Huang, Xuanyi, Zhang, Qianfan, and Cui, Yi. Wed . "An Aqueous Inorganic Polymer Binder for High Performance Lithium–Sulfur Batteries with Flame-Retardant Properties". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscentsci.7b00569.
@article{osti_1420454,
title = {An Aqueous Inorganic Polymer Binder for High Performance Lithium–Sulfur Batteries with Flame-Retardant Properties},
author = {Zhou, Guangmin and Liu, Kai and Fan, Yanchen and Yuan, Mengqi and Liu, Bofei and Liu, Wei and Shi, Feifei and Liu, Yayuan and Chen, Wei and Lopez, Jeffrey and Zhuo, Denys and Zhao, Jie and Tsao, Yuchi and Huang, Xuanyi and Zhang, Qianfan and Cui, Yi},
abstractNote = {Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries are regarded as promising next-generation high energy density storage devices for both portable electronics and electric vehicles due to their high energy density, low cost, and environmental friendliness. However, there remain some issues yet to be fully addressed with the main challenges stemming from the ionically insulating nature of sulfur and the dissolution of polysulfides in electrolyte with subsequent parasitic reactions leading to low sulfur utilization and poor cycle life. The high flammability of sulfur is another serious safety concern which has hindered its further application. Herein, an aqueous inorganic polymer, ammonium polyphosphate (APP), has been developed as a novel multifunctional binder to address the above issues. The strong binding affinity of the main chain of APP with lithium polysulfides blocks diffusion of polysulfide anions and inhibits their shuttling effect. The coupling of APP with Li ion facilitates ion transfer and promotes the kinetics of the cathode reaction. Moreover, APP can serve as a flame retardant, thus significantly reducing the flammability of the sulfur cathode. In addition, the aqueous characteristic of the binder avoids the use of toxic organic solvents, thus significantly improving safety. As a result, a high rate capacity of 520 mAh g–1 at 4 C and excellent cycling stability of ~0.038% capacity decay per cycle at 0.5 C for 400 cycles are achieved based on this binder. In conclusion, this work offers a feasible and effective strategy for employing APP as an efficient multifunctional binder toward building next-generation high energy density Li–S batteries.},
doi = {10.1021/acscentsci.7b00569},
journal = {ACS Central Science},
number = 2,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1021/acscentsci.7b00569

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 13 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: LiPS adsorption and swelling properties. (a) Commercially available APP used as fertilizer. (b) Digital image of the Li2S6 (0.005 M) captured by PVDF and APP in DOL/DME solution. (c) UV/vis absorption spectra of Li2S6 solution before and after the addition of PVDF and APP. Chemical structures of (d)more » APP and (e) PVDF binders. Adsorption conformations and binding strengths for Li2S6 on (f) APP and (g) PVDF polymers. (h) Binding strengths for APP and PVDF with various Li−S species. (i) Swelling ratios of the APP and PVDF binders.« less

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