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Title: A Quaternary Sodium Superionic Conductor - Na 10.8Sn 1.9PS 11.8

Sulfide-based Na-ion conductors are promising candidates as solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) for fabrication of solid-state Na-ion batteries (NIBs) because of their high ionic conductivities and low grain boundary resistance. Currently, most of the sulfide-based Na-ion conductors with high conductivities are focused on Na 3PS 4 phases and its derivatives. It is desirable to develop Na-ion conductors with new composition and crystal structure to achieve superior ionic conductivities. Here we report a new quaternary Na-ion conductor, Na 10.8Sn 1.9PS 11.8, exhibiting a high ionic conductivity of 0.67 mS cm –1 at 25 °C. This high ionic conductivity originates from the presence of a large number of intrinsic Na-vacancies and three-dimensional Na-ion conduction pathways, which has been confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and first-principles calculations. In conclusion, the Na 10.8Sn 1.9PS 11.8 phase is further evaluated as an electrolyte in a Na-Sn alloy/TiS 2 battery, demonstrating its potential application in all-solid-state NIBs.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. The Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 47; Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; solid-state electrolyte; sodium-ion conductor; sodium-ion battery; single crystal X-ray
OSTI Identifier:
1420439

Yu, Zhaoxin, Shang, Shun -Li, Gao, Yue, Wang, Daiwei, Li, Xiaolin, Liu, Zi -Kui, and Wang, Donghai. A Quaternary Sodium Superionic Conductor - Na10.8Sn1.9PS11.8. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/J.NANOEN.2018.01.046.
Yu, Zhaoxin, Shang, Shun -Li, Gao, Yue, Wang, Daiwei, Li, Xiaolin, Liu, Zi -Kui, & Wang, Donghai. A Quaternary Sodium Superionic Conductor - Na10.8Sn1.9PS11.8. United States. doi:10.1016/J.NANOEN.2018.01.046.
Yu, Zhaoxin, Shang, Shun -Li, Gao, Yue, Wang, Daiwei, Li, Xiaolin, Liu, Zi -Kui, and Wang, Donghai. 2018. "A Quaternary Sodium Superionic Conductor - Na10.8Sn1.9PS11.8". United States. doi:10.1016/J.NANOEN.2018.01.046.
@article{osti_1420439,
title = {A Quaternary Sodium Superionic Conductor - Na10.8Sn1.9PS11.8},
author = {Yu, Zhaoxin and Shang, Shun -Li and Gao, Yue and Wang, Daiwei and Li, Xiaolin and Liu, Zi -Kui and Wang, Donghai},
abstractNote = {Sulfide-based Na-ion conductors are promising candidates as solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) for fabrication of solid-state Na-ion batteries (NIBs) because of their high ionic conductivities and low grain boundary resistance. Currently, most of the sulfide-based Na-ion conductors with high conductivities are focused on Na3PS4 phases and its derivatives. It is desirable to develop Na-ion conductors with new composition and crystal structure to achieve superior ionic conductivities. Here we report a new quaternary Na-ion conductor, Na10.8Sn1.9PS11.8, exhibiting a high ionic conductivity of 0.67 mS cm–1 at 25 °C. This high ionic conductivity originates from the presence of a large number of intrinsic Na-vacancies and three-dimensional Na-ion conduction pathways, which has been confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and first-principles calculations. In conclusion, the Na10.8Sn1.9PS11.8 phase is further evaluated as an electrolyte in a Na-Sn alloy/TiS2 battery, demonstrating its potential application in all-solid-state NIBs.},
doi = {10.1016/J.NANOEN.2018.01.046},
journal = {Nano Energy},
number = ,
volume = 47,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}