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Title: Measurement of the Q 2 Dependence of the Deuteron Spin Structure Function g 1 and its Moments at Low Q 2 with CLAS

Abstract

We measured the $$g_{1}$$ spin structure function of the deuteron at low $$Q^{2}$$, where QCD can be approximated with chiral perturbation theory ($$\chi PT$$). The data cover the resonance region, up to an invariant mass of $$W\approx1.9$$ GeV. The generalized GDH sum, the moment $$\Gamma_{1}^{d}$$ and the spin polarizability $$\gamma_{0}^{d}$$ are precisely determined down to a minimum $Q^2$ of 0.02 GeV$^2$ for the first time, about 2.5 times lower than that of previous data. We compare them to several $$\chi PT$$ calculations and models. In conclusion, these results are the first in a program of benchmark measurements of polarization observables in the $$\chi PT$$ domain.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States); Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP); National Science Foundation (NSF); US Jeffress Memorial Trust; United Kingdoms Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC); Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare; French Centre National de la Recherche Scienti que; National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF); Jeffress Memorial Trust; Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC-UK); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
Contributing Org.:
CLAS Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1420097
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1419908; OSTI ID: 1439828; OSTI ID: 1483662
Report Number(s):
JLAB-PHY-17-2585; DOE/OR/-23177-4273; arXiv:1711.01974
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; TRN: US1801454
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-06OR23177; SC0016583; FG02-07ER41528; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Strong Interaction; QCD in Nuclear Reactions; Chiral perturbation theory; meson electroproduction

Citation Formats

Adhikari, K. P., Deur, A., El Fassi, L., Kang, H., Kuhn, S. E., Ripani, M., Slifer, K., Zheng, X., Adhikari, S., Akbar, Z., Amaryan, M. J., Avakian, H., Ball, J., Balossino, I., Barion, L., Battaglieri, M., Bedlinskiy, I., Biselli, A. S., Bosted, P., Briscoe, W. J., Brock, J., Bültmann, S., Burkert, V. D., Thanh Cao, F., Carlin, C., Carman, D. S., Celentano, A., Charles, G., Chen, J. -P., Chetry, T., Choi, S., Ciullo, G., Clark, L., Cole, P. L., Contalbrigo, M., Crede, V., D’Angelo, A., Dashyan, N., De Vita, R., De Sanctis, E., Defurne, M., Djalali, C., Dodge, G. E., Drozdov, V., Dupre, R., Egiyan, H., El Alaoui, A., Elouadrhiri, L., Eugenio, P., Fedotov, G., Filippi, A., Ghandilyan, Y., Gilfoyle, G. P., Golovatch, E., Gothe, R. W., Griffioen, K. A., Guidal, M., Guler, N., Guo, L., Hafidi, K., Hakobyan, H., Hanretty, C., Harrison, N., Hattawy, M., Heddle, D., Hicks, K., Holtrop, M., Hyde, C. E., Ilieva, Y., Ireland, D. G., Isupov, E. L., Jenkins, D., Jo, H. S., Johnston, S. C., Joo, K., Joosten, S., Kabir, M. L., Keith, C. D., Keller, D., Khachatryan, G., Khachatryan, M., Khandaker, M., Kim, W., Klein, A., Klein, F. J., Konczykowski, P., Kovacs, K., Kubarovsky, V., Lanza, L., Lenisa, P., Livingston, K., Long, E., MacGregor, I. J. D., Markov, N., Mayer, M., McKinnon, B., Meekins, D. G., Meyer, C. A., Mineeva, T., Mirazita, M., Mokeev, V., Movsisyan, A., Munoz Camacho, C., Nadel-Turonski, P., Niculescu, G., Niccolai, S., Osipenko, M., Ostrovidov, A. I., Paolone, M., Pappalardo, L., Paremuzyan, R., Park, K., Pasyuk, E., Payette, D., Phelps, W., Phillips, S. K., Pierce, J., Pogorelko, O., Poudel, J., Price, J. W., Prok, Y., Protopopescu, D., Raue, B. A., Rizzo, A., Rosner, G., Rossi, P., Sabatié, F., Salgado, C., Schumacher, R. A., Sharabian, Y. G., Shigeyuki, T., Simonyan, A., Skorodumina, Iu., Smith, G. D., Sparveris, N., Sokhan, D., Stepanyan, S., Strakovsky, I. I., Strauch, S., Sulkosky, V., Taiuti, M., Tan, J. A., Ungaro, M., Voutier, E., Wei, X., Weinstein, L. B., Zhang, J., and Zhao, Z. W. Measurement of the Q2 Dependence of the Deuteron Spin Structure Function g1 and its Moments at Low Q2 with CLAS. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.062501.
Adhikari, K. P., Deur, A., El Fassi, L., Kang, H., Kuhn, S. E., Ripani, M., Slifer, K., Zheng, X., Adhikari, S., Akbar, Z., Amaryan, M. J., Avakian, H., Ball, J., Balossino, I., Barion, L., Battaglieri, M., Bedlinskiy, I., Biselli, A. S., Bosted, P., Briscoe, W. J., Brock, J., Bültmann, S., Burkert, V. D., Thanh Cao, F., Carlin, C., Carman, D. S., Celentano, A., Charles, G., Chen, J. -P., Chetry, T., Choi, S., Ciullo, G., Clark, L., Cole, P. L., Contalbrigo, M., Crede, V., D’Angelo, A., Dashyan, N., De Vita, R., De Sanctis, E., Defurne, M., Djalali, C., Dodge, G. E., Drozdov, V., Dupre, R., Egiyan, H., El Alaoui, A., Elouadrhiri, L., Eugenio, P., Fedotov, G., Filippi, A., Ghandilyan, Y., Gilfoyle, G. P., Golovatch, E., Gothe, R. W., Griffioen, K. A., Guidal, M., Guler, N., Guo, L., Hafidi, K., Hakobyan, H., Hanretty, C., Harrison, N., Hattawy, M., Heddle, D., Hicks, K., Holtrop, M., Hyde, C. E., Ilieva, Y., Ireland, D. G., Isupov, E. L., Jenkins, D., Jo, H. S., Johnston, S. C., Joo, K., Joosten, S., Kabir, M. L., Keith, C. D., Keller, D., Khachatryan, G., Khachatryan, M., Khandaker, M., Kim, W., Klein, A., Klein, F. J., Konczykowski, P., Kovacs, K., Kubarovsky, V., Lanza, L., Lenisa, P., Livingston, K., Long, E., MacGregor, I. J. D., Markov, N., Mayer, M., McKinnon, B., Meekins, D. G., Meyer, C. A., Mineeva, T., Mirazita, M., Mokeev, V., Movsisyan, A., Munoz Camacho, C., Nadel-Turonski, P., Niculescu, G., Niccolai, S., Osipenko, M., Ostrovidov, A. I., Paolone, M., Pappalardo, L., Paremuzyan, R., Park, K., Pasyuk, E., Payette, D., Phelps, W., Phillips, S. K., Pierce, J., Pogorelko, O., Poudel, J., Price, J. W., Prok, Y., Protopopescu, D., Raue, B. A., Rizzo, A., Rosner, G., Rossi, P., Sabatié, F., Salgado, C., Schumacher, R. A., Sharabian, Y. G., Shigeyuki, T., Simonyan, A., Skorodumina, Iu., Smith, G. D., Sparveris, N., Sokhan, D., Stepanyan, S., Strakovsky, I. I., Strauch, S., Sulkosky, V., Taiuti, M., Tan, J. A., Ungaro, M., Voutier, E., Wei, X., Weinstein, L. B., Zhang, J., & Zhao, Z. W. Measurement of the Q2 Dependence of the Deuteron Spin Structure Function g1 and its Moments at Low Q2 with CLAS. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.062501.
Adhikari, K. P., Deur, A., El Fassi, L., Kang, H., Kuhn, S. E., Ripani, M., Slifer, K., Zheng, X., Adhikari, S., Akbar, Z., Amaryan, M. J., Avakian, H., Ball, J., Balossino, I., Barion, L., Battaglieri, M., Bedlinskiy, I., Biselli, A. S., Bosted, P., Briscoe, W. J., Brock, J., Bültmann, S., Burkert, V. D., Thanh Cao, F., Carlin, C., Carman, D. S., Celentano, A., Charles, G., Chen, J. -P., Chetry, T., Choi, S., Ciullo, G., Clark, L., Cole, P. L., Contalbrigo, M., Crede, V., D’Angelo, A., Dashyan, N., De Vita, R., De Sanctis, E., Defurne, M., Djalali, C., Dodge, G. E., Drozdov, V., Dupre, R., Egiyan, H., El Alaoui, A., Elouadrhiri, L., Eugenio, P., Fedotov, G., Filippi, A., Ghandilyan, Y., Gilfoyle, G. P., Golovatch, E., Gothe, R. W., Griffioen, K. A., Guidal, M., Guler, N., Guo, L., Hafidi, K., Hakobyan, H., Hanretty, C., Harrison, N., Hattawy, M., Heddle, D., Hicks, K., Holtrop, M., Hyde, C. E., Ilieva, Y., Ireland, D. G., Isupov, E. L., Jenkins, D., Jo, H. S., Johnston, S. C., Joo, K., Joosten, S., Kabir, M. L., Keith, C. D., Keller, D., Khachatryan, G., Khachatryan, M., Khandaker, M., Kim, W., Klein, A., Klein, F. J., Konczykowski, P., Kovacs, K., Kubarovsky, V., Lanza, L., Lenisa, P., Livingston, K., Long, E., MacGregor, I. J. D., Markov, N., Mayer, M., McKinnon, B., Meekins, D. G., Meyer, C. A., Mineeva, T., Mirazita, M., Mokeev, V., Movsisyan, A., Munoz Camacho, C., Nadel-Turonski, P., Niculescu, G., Niccolai, S., Osipenko, M., Ostrovidov, A. I., Paolone, M., Pappalardo, L., Paremuzyan, R., Park, K., Pasyuk, E., Payette, D., Phelps, W., Phillips, S. K., Pierce, J., Pogorelko, O., Poudel, J., Price, J. W., Prok, Y., Protopopescu, D., Raue, B. A., Rizzo, A., Rosner, G., Rossi, P., Sabatié, F., Salgado, C., Schumacher, R. A., Sharabian, Y. G., Shigeyuki, T., Simonyan, A., Skorodumina, Iu., Smith, G. D., Sparveris, N., Sokhan, D., Stepanyan, S., Strakovsky, I. I., Strauch, S., Sulkosky, V., Taiuti, M., Tan, J. A., Ungaro, M., Voutier, E., Wei, X., Weinstein, L. B., Zhang, J., and Zhao, Z. W. Fri . "Measurement of the Q2 Dependence of the Deuteron Spin Structure Function g1 and its Moments at Low Q2 with CLAS". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.062501. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1420097.
@article{osti_1420097,
title = {Measurement of the Q2 Dependence of the Deuteron Spin Structure Function g1 and its Moments at Low Q2 with CLAS},
author = {Adhikari, K. P. and Deur, A. and El Fassi, L. and Kang, H. and Kuhn, S. E. and Ripani, M. and Slifer, K. and Zheng, X. and Adhikari, S. and Akbar, Z. and Amaryan, M. J. and Avakian, H. and Ball, J. and Balossino, I. and Barion, L. and Battaglieri, M. and Bedlinskiy, I. and Biselli, A. S. and Bosted, P. and Briscoe, W. J. and Brock, J. and Bültmann, S. and Burkert, V. D. and Thanh Cao, F. and Carlin, C. and Carman, D. S. and Celentano, A. and Charles, G. and Chen, J. -P. and Chetry, T. and Choi, S. and Ciullo, G. and Clark, L. and Cole, P. L. and Contalbrigo, M. and Crede, V. and D’Angelo, A. and Dashyan, N. and De Vita, R. and De Sanctis, E. and Defurne, M. and Djalali, C. and Dodge, G. E. and Drozdov, V. and Dupre, R. and Egiyan, H. and El Alaoui, A. and Elouadrhiri, L. and Eugenio, P. and Fedotov, G. and Filippi, A. and Ghandilyan, Y. and Gilfoyle, G. P. and Golovatch, E. and Gothe, R. W. and Griffioen, K. A. and Guidal, M. and Guler, N. and Guo, L. and Hafidi, K. and Hakobyan, H. and Hanretty, C. and Harrison, N. and Hattawy, M. and Heddle, D. and Hicks, K. and Holtrop, M. and Hyde, C. E. and Ilieva, Y. and Ireland, D. G. and Isupov, E. L. and Jenkins, D. and Jo, H. S. and Johnston, S. C. and Joo, K. and Joosten, S. and Kabir, M. L. and Keith, C. D. and Keller, D. and Khachatryan, G. and Khachatryan, M. and Khandaker, M. and Kim, W. and Klein, A. and Klein, F. J. and Konczykowski, P. and Kovacs, K. and Kubarovsky, V. and Lanza, L. and Lenisa, P. and Livingston, K. and Long, E. and MacGregor, I. J. D. and Markov, N. and Mayer, M. and McKinnon, B. and Meekins, D. G. and Meyer, C. A. and Mineeva, T. and Mirazita, M. and Mokeev, V. and Movsisyan, A. and Munoz Camacho, C. and Nadel-Turonski, P. and Niculescu, G. and Niccolai, S. and Osipenko, M. and Ostrovidov, A. I. and Paolone, M. and Pappalardo, L. and Paremuzyan, R. and Park, K. and Pasyuk, E. and Payette, D. and Phelps, W. and Phillips, S. K. and Pierce, J. and Pogorelko, O. and Poudel, J. and Price, J. W. and Prok, Y. and Protopopescu, D. and Raue, B. A. and Rizzo, A. and Rosner, G. and Rossi, P. and Sabatié, F. and Salgado, C. and Schumacher, R. A. and Sharabian, Y. G. and Shigeyuki, T. and Simonyan, A. and Skorodumina, Iu. and Smith, G. D. and Sparveris, N. and Sokhan, D. and Stepanyan, S. and Strakovsky, I. I. and Strauch, S. and Sulkosky, V. and Taiuti, M. and Tan, J. A. and Ungaro, M. and Voutier, E. and Wei, X. and Weinstein, L. B. and Zhang, J. and Zhao, Z. W.},
abstractNote = {We measured the $g_{1}$ spin structure function of the deuteron at low $Q^{2}$, where QCD can be approximated with chiral perturbation theory ($\chi PT$). The data cover the resonance region, up to an invariant mass of $W\approx1.9$ GeV. The generalized GDH sum, the moment $\Gamma_{1}^{d}$ and the spin polarizability $\gamma_{0}^{d}$ are precisely determined down to a minimum $Q^2$ of 0.02 GeV$^2$ for the first time, about 2.5 times lower than that of previous data. We compare them to several $\chi PT$ calculations and models. In conclusion, these results are the first in a program of benchmark measurements of polarization observables in the $\chi PT$ domain.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.062501},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 6,
volume = 120,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

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FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Example of extracted g$^{d}_{1}$(W) vs. invariant mass W (circles), together with the nominal value of the parameterization used for its extraction (line). The large negative peak corresponds to the ∆(1232) 3/2+ resonance. The error bars give the statistical uncertainty and the band is the total systematic uncertainty. Themore » data are for 〈 Q2 〉 = 0.1 GeV2.« less

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Measurement of the x- and <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:msup><mml:mi>Q</mml:mi><mml:mn>2</mml:mn></mml:msup></mml:math>-dependence of the asymmetry <mml:math altimg="si2.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:msub><mml:mi>A</mml:mi><mml:mn>1</mml:mn></mml:msub></mml:math> on the nucleon
journal, September 2006


Inelastic Scattering of Polarized Leptons from Polarized Nucleons
journal, March 1970


What do we know about the Q 2 evolution of the Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum rule?
journal, January 1993


Measurement of inclusive spin structure functions of the deuteron
journal, May 2003


A polarized target for the CLAS detector
journal, April 2003

  • Keith, C. D.; Anghinolfi, M.; Battaglieri, M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 501, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)00429-7

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    The spin structure of the nucleon
    journal, June 2019

    • Deur, Alexandre; Brodsky, Stanley J.; de Téramond, Guy F.
    • Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 82, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6633/ab0b8f

    The spin structure of the nucleon
    journal, June 2019

    • Deur, Alexandre; Brodsky, Stanley J.; de Téramond, Guy F.
    • Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol. 82, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6633/ab0b8f