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Title: Revisiting Cu 63 NMR evidence for charge order in superconducting La 1.885 Sr 0.115 CuO 4

Here, the presence of charge and spin stripe order in the La 2CuO 4-based family of superconductors continues to lead to new insight on the unusual ground-state properties of high- T c cuprates. Soon after the discovery of charge stripe order at T charge≃65 K in Nd 3+ co-doped La 1.48Nd 0.4Sr 0.12CuO 4( Tc≃6 K), Hunt et al. demonstrated that La 1.48Nd 0.4Sr 0.12CuO 4 and superconducting La 2–xSr xCuO 4 with x~1/8( Tc≃30 K) share nearly identical NMR anomalies near Tcharge of the former. Their inevitable conclusion that La 1.885Sr 0.115CuO 4 also undergoes charge order at a comparable temperature became controversial, because diffraction measurements at the time were unable to detect Bragg peaks associated with charge order. Recent advances in x-ray diffraction techniques finally led to definitive confirmations of the charge order Bragg peaks in La 1.885Sr 0.115CuO 4 with an onset at as high as Tcharge≃80 K. Meanwhile, improved instrumental technology has enabled routine NMR measurements that were not feasible two decades ago. Motivated by these new developments, we revisit the charge order transition of a La 1.885Sr 0.115CuO 4 single crystal based on 63Cu NMR techniques. We demonstrate that 63Cu NMR properties of the nuclearmore » spin I z=–1/2 to +1/2 central transition below Tcharge exhibit unprecedentedly strong dependence on the measurement time scale set by the separation time τ between the 90° and 180° radio-frequency pulses; a new kind of anomalous, very broad winglike 63Cu NMR signals gradually emerge below Tcharge only for extremely short τ≲4μs, while the spectral weight I Normal of the normal NMR signals is progressively wiped out. The NMR linewidth and relaxation rates depend strongly on τ below Tcharge, and their enhancement in the charge ordered state indicates that charge order turns on strong but inhomogeneous growth of Cu spin-spin correlations.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. McMaster Univ., Hamilton, ON (Canada); Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Toronto, ON (Canada)
  2. McMaster Univ., Hamilton, ON (Canada)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  4. Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-07ER46134; AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
OSTI Identifier:
1420041