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Title: A steep slope and small scatter for the high-mass end of the L–σ relation at z ~ 0.55

We measure the intrinsic relation between velocity dispersion (σ) and luminosity (L) for massive, luminous red galaxies at redshift z ~ 0.55. Here, we achieve unprecedented precision by using a sample of 600 000 galaxies with spectra from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey of the third Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III), covering a range of stellar masses M* ≳ 10 11M . We deconvolve the effects of photometric errors, limited spectroscopic signal-to-noise ratio, and red–blue galaxy confusion using a novel hierarchical Bayesian formalism that is generally applicable to any combination of photometric and spectroscopic observables. For an L–σ relation of the form L ∝ σ β, we find β = 7.8 ± 1.1 for σ corrected to the effective radius, and a very small intrinsic scatter of s = 0.047 ± 0.004 in log10σ at fixed L. No significant redshift evolution is found for these parameters. The evolution of the zero-point within the redshift range considered is consistent with the passive evolution of a galaxy population that formed at redshift z = 2–3, assuming single stellar populations. An analysis of previously reported results seems to indicate that the passively evolved high-mass L–σ relation at z ~ 0.55 is consistent withmore » the one measured at z = 0.1. Finally, our results, in combination with those presented in the LF work of Montero-Dorta et al., provide a detailed description of the high-mass end of the red sequence (RS) at z ~ 0.55. This characterization, in the light of previous literature, suggest that the high-mass RS distribution corresponds to the ‘core’ elliptical population.« less
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  1. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). Steward Observatory
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 456; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Royal Astronomical Society
Research Org:
Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; methods: data analysis; methods: statistical; surveys; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: fundamental parameters; galaxies: statistics
OSTI Identifier: