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Title: Application, Deactivation, and Regeneration of Heterogeneous Catalysts in Bio-Oil Upgrading

The massive consumption of fossil fuels and associated environmental issues are leading to an increased interest in alternative resources such as biofuels. The renewable biofuels can be upgraded from bio-oils that are derived from biomass pyrolysis. Catalytic cracking and hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) are two of the most promising bio-oil upgrading processes for biofuel production. Heterogeneous catalysts are essential for upgrading bio-oil into hydrocarbon biofuel. Although advances have been achieved, the deactivation and regeneration of catalysts still remains a challenge. This review focuses on the current progress and challenges of heterogeneous catalyst application, deactivation, and regeneration. The technologies of catalysts deactivation, reduction, and regeneration for improving catalyst activity and stability are discussed. Some suggestions for future research including catalyst mechanism, catalyst development, process integration, and biomass modification for the production of hydrocarbon biofuels are provided.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. South Dakota State Univ., Brookings, SD (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SA0900160; SA0700149; SA1600799
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Catalysts
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4344
Publisher:
MDPI
Research Org:
South Dakota State Univ., Brookings, SD (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; Dept. of Transportation (DOT) (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; biomass; biofuel; pyrolysis; bio-oil; catalyst; catalytic cracking; hydrodeoxygenation; coking; deactivation; regeneration
OSTI Identifier:
1419689
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1395954

Cheng, Shouyun, Wei, Lin, Zhao, Xianhui, and Julson, James. Application, Deactivation, and Regeneration of Heterogeneous Catalysts in Bio-Oil Upgrading. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.3390/catal6120195.
Cheng, Shouyun, Wei, Lin, Zhao, Xianhui, & Julson, James. Application, Deactivation, and Regeneration of Heterogeneous Catalysts in Bio-Oil Upgrading. United States. doi:10.3390/catal6120195.
Cheng, Shouyun, Wei, Lin, Zhao, Xianhui, and Julson, James. 2016. "Application, Deactivation, and Regeneration of Heterogeneous Catalysts in Bio-Oil Upgrading". United States. doi:10.3390/catal6120195.
@article{osti_1419689,
title = {Application, Deactivation, and Regeneration of Heterogeneous Catalysts in Bio-Oil Upgrading},
author = {Cheng, Shouyun and Wei, Lin and Zhao, Xianhui and Julson, James},
abstractNote = {The massive consumption of fossil fuels and associated environmental issues are leading to an increased interest in alternative resources such as biofuels. The renewable biofuels can be upgraded from bio-oils that are derived from biomass pyrolysis. Catalytic cracking and hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) are two of the most promising bio-oil upgrading processes for biofuel production. Heterogeneous catalysts are essential for upgrading bio-oil into hydrocarbon biofuel. Although advances have been achieved, the deactivation and regeneration of catalysts still remains a challenge. This review focuses on the current progress and challenges of heterogeneous catalyst application, deactivation, and regeneration. The technologies of catalysts deactivation, reduction, and regeneration for improving catalyst activity and stability are discussed. Some suggestions for future research including catalyst mechanism, catalyst development, process integration, and biomass modification for the production of hydrocarbon biofuels are provided.},
doi = {10.3390/catal6120195},
journal = {Catalysts},
number = 12,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}

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