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Title: Application, Deactivation, and Regeneration of Heterogeneous Catalysts in Bio-Oil Upgrading

Abstract

The massive consumption of fossil fuels and associated environmental issues are leading to an increased interest in alternative resources such as biofuels. The renewable biofuels can be upgraded from bio-oils that are derived from biomass pyrolysis. Catalytic cracking and hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) are two of the most promising bio-oil upgrading processes for biofuel production. Heterogeneous catalysts are essential for upgrading bio-oil into hydrocarbon biofuel. Although advances have been achieved, the deactivation and regeneration of catalysts still remains a challenge. This review focuses on the current progress and challenges of heterogeneous catalyst application, deactivation, and regeneration. The technologies of catalysts deactivation, reduction, and regeneration for improving catalyst activity and stability are discussed. Some suggestions for future research including catalyst mechanism, catalyst development, process integration, and biomass modification for the production of hydrocarbon biofuels are provided.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
South Dakota State Univ., Brookings, SD (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; Dept. of Transportation (DOT) (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1419689
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1395954
Grant/Contract Number:  
SA0900160; SA0700149; SA1600799
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Catalysts
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Catalysts Journal Volume: 6 Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4344
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
Switzerland
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; biomass; biofuel; pyrolysis; bio-oil; catalyst; catalytic cracking; hydrodeoxygenation; coking; deactivation; regeneration

Citation Formats

Cheng, Shouyun, Wei, Lin, Zhao, Xianhui, and Julson, James. Application, Deactivation, and Regeneration of Heterogeneous Catalysts in Bio-Oil Upgrading. Switzerland: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal6120195.
Cheng, Shouyun, Wei, Lin, Zhao, Xianhui, & Julson, James. Application, Deactivation, and Regeneration of Heterogeneous Catalysts in Bio-Oil Upgrading. Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal6120195
Cheng, Shouyun, Wei, Lin, Zhao, Xianhui, and Julson, James. Wed . "Application, Deactivation, and Regeneration of Heterogeneous Catalysts in Bio-Oil Upgrading". Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal6120195.
@article{osti_1419689,
title = {Application, Deactivation, and Regeneration of Heterogeneous Catalysts in Bio-Oil Upgrading},
author = {Cheng, Shouyun and Wei, Lin and Zhao, Xianhui and Julson, James},
abstractNote = {The massive consumption of fossil fuels and associated environmental issues are leading to an increased interest in alternative resources such as biofuels. The renewable biofuels can be upgraded from bio-oils that are derived from biomass pyrolysis. Catalytic cracking and hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) are two of the most promising bio-oil upgrading processes for biofuel production. Heterogeneous catalysts are essential for upgrading bio-oil into hydrocarbon biofuel. Although advances have been achieved, the deactivation and regeneration of catalysts still remains a challenge. This review focuses on the current progress and challenges of heterogeneous catalyst application, deactivation, and regeneration. The technologies of catalysts deactivation, reduction, and regeneration for improving catalyst activity and stability are discussed. Some suggestions for future research including catalyst mechanism, catalyst development, process integration, and biomass modification for the production of hydrocarbon biofuels are provided.},
doi = {10.3390/catal6120195},
journal = {Catalysts},
number = 12,
volume = 6,
place = {Switzerland},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.3390/catal6120195

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 25 works
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    • Alvarez-Galvan, M.; Campos-Martin, Jose; Fierro, Jose
    • Catalysts, Vol. 9, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.3390/catal9030293

    Catalyst Performance in the HDPE Pyrolysis-Reforming under Reaction-Regeneration Cycles
    journal, May 2019

    • Barbarias, Itsaso; Artetxe, Maite; Lopez, Gartzen
    • Catalysts, Vol. 9, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.3390/catal9050414