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Title: Toward Development of a Stochastic Wake Model: Validation Using LES and Turbine Loads

Abstract

Wind turbines within an array do not experience free-stream undisturbed flow fields. Rather, the flow fields on internal turbines are influenced by wakes generated by upwind unit and exhibit different dynamic characteristics relative to the free stream. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard 61400-1 for the design of wind turbines only considers a deterministic wake model for the design of a wind plant. This study is focused on the development of a stochastic model for waked wind fields. First, high-fidelity physics-based waked wind velocity fields are generated using Large-Eddy Simulation (LES). Stochastic characteristics of these LES waked wind velocity field, including mean and turbulence components, are analyzed. Wake-related mean and turbulence field-related parameters are then estimated for use with a stochastic model, using Multivariate Multiple Linear Regression (MMLR) with the LES data. To validate the simulated wind fields based on the stochastic model, wind turbine tower and blade loads are generated using aeroelastic simulation for utility-scale wind turbine models and compared with those based directly on the LES inflow. The study's overall objective is to offer efficient and validated stochastic approaches that are computationally tractable for assessing the performance and loads of turbines operating in wakes.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [2]
  1. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W)
OSTI Identifier:
1419629
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5000-70698
Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073; ENERGA
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energies (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Energies (Basel); Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; wind turbine wake; large eddy simulation; wake modeling; Multivariate Multiple Linear Regression (MMLR); turbine loads

Citation Formats

Moon, Jae, Manuel, Lance, Churchfield, Matthew, Lee, Sang, and Veers, Paul. Toward Development of a Stochastic Wake Model: Validation Using LES and Turbine Loads. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3390/en11010053.
Moon, Jae, Manuel, Lance, Churchfield, Matthew, Lee, Sang, & Veers, Paul. Toward Development of a Stochastic Wake Model: Validation Using LES and Turbine Loads. United States. doi:10.3390/en11010053.
Moon, Jae, Manuel, Lance, Churchfield, Matthew, Lee, Sang, and Veers, Paul. Thu . "Toward Development of a Stochastic Wake Model: Validation Using LES and Turbine Loads". United States. doi:10.3390/en11010053. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1419629.
@article{osti_1419629,
title = {Toward Development of a Stochastic Wake Model: Validation Using LES and Turbine Loads},
author = {Moon, Jae and Manuel, Lance and Churchfield, Matthew and Lee, Sang and Veers, Paul},
abstractNote = {Wind turbines within an array do not experience free-stream undisturbed flow fields. Rather, the flow fields on internal turbines are influenced by wakes generated by upwind unit and exhibit different dynamic characteristics relative to the free stream. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard 61400-1 for the design of wind turbines only considers a deterministic wake model for the design of a wind plant. This study is focused on the development of a stochastic model for waked wind fields. First, high-fidelity physics-based waked wind velocity fields are generated using Large-Eddy Simulation (LES). Stochastic characteristics of these LES waked wind velocity field, including mean and turbulence components, are analyzed. Wake-related mean and turbulence field-related parameters are then estimated for use with a stochastic model, using Multivariate Multiple Linear Regression (MMLR) with the LES data. To validate the simulated wind fields based on the stochastic model, wind turbine tower and blade loads are generated using aeroelastic simulation for utility-scale wind turbine models and compared with those based directly on the LES inflow. The study's overall objective is to offer efficient and validated stochastic approaches that are computationally tractable for assessing the performance and loads of turbines operating in wakes.},
doi = {10.3390/en11010053},
journal = {Energies (Basel)},
number = 1,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

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