skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Nanoscale control of competing interactions and geometrical frustration in a dipolar trident lattice

Abstract

Geometrical frustration occurs when entities in a system, subject to given lattice constraints, are hindered to simultaneously minimize their local interactions. In magnetism, systems incorporating geometrical frustration are fascinating, as their behavior is not only hard to predict, but also leads to the emergence of exotic states of matter. Here, we provide a first look into an artificial frustrated system, the dipolar trident lattice, where the balance of competing interactions between nearest-neighbor magnetic moments can be directly controlled, thus allowing versatile tuning of geometrical frustration and manipulation of ground state configurations. Our findings not only provide the basis for future studies on the low-temperature physics of the dipolar trident lattice, but also demonstrate how this frustration-by-design concept can deliver magnetically frustrated metamaterials.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [2];  [1];  [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Aalto Univ., Aalto (Finland)
  3. Univ. di Genova, Genova (Italy)
  4. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  5. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. Hamburg, Hamburg (Germany)
  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST), Daegu (Republic of Korea)
  7. Univ. of Glasgow, Glasgow (United Kingdom)
  8. Adolfo Ibanez Univ., Santiago (Chile)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1419457
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Farhan, Alan, Petersen, Charlotte F., Dhuey, Scott, Anghinolfi, Luca, Qin, Qi Hang, Saccone, Michael, Velten, Sven, Wuth, Clemens, Gliga, Sebastian, Mellado, Paula, Alava, Mikko J., Scholl, Andreas, and van Dijken, Sebastiaan. Nanoscale control of competing interactions and geometrical frustration in a dipolar trident lattice. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01238-4.
Farhan, Alan, Petersen, Charlotte F., Dhuey, Scott, Anghinolfi, Luca, Qin, Qi Hang, Saccone, Michael, Velten, Sven, Wuth, Clemens, Gliga, Sebastian, Mellado, Paula, Alava, Mikko J., Scholl, Andreas, & van Dijken, Sebastiaan. Nanoscale control of competing interactions and geometrical frustration in a dipolar trident lattice. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01238-4.
Farhan, Alan, Petersen, Charlotte F., Dhuey, Scott, Anghinolfi, Luca, Qin, Qi Hang, Saccone, Michael, Velten, Sven, Wuth, Clemens, Gliga, Sebastian, Mellado, Paula, Alava, Mikko J., Scholl, Andreas, and van Dijken, Sebastiaan. Tue . "Nanoscale control of competing interactions and geometrical frustration in a dipolar trident lattice". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01238-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1419457.
@article{osti_1419457,
title = {Nanoscale control of competing interactions and geometrical frustration in a dipolar trident lattice},
author = {Farhan, Alan and Petersen, Charlotte F. and Dhuey, Scott and Anghinolfi, Luca and Qin, Qi Hang and Saccone, Michael and Velten, Sven and Wuth, Clemens and Gliga, Sebastian and Mellado, Paula and Alava, Mikko J. and Scholl, Andreas and van Dijken, Sebastiaan},
abstractNote = {Geometrical frustration occurs when entities in a system, subject to given lattice constraints, are hindered to simultaneously minimize their local interactions. In magnetism, systems incorporating geometrical frustration are fascinating, as their behavior is not only hard to predict, but also leads to the emergence of exotic states of matter. Here, we provide a first look into an artificial frustrated system, the dipolar trident lattice, where the balance of competing interactions between nearest-neighbor magnetic moments can be directly controlled, thus allowing versatile tuning of geometrical frustration and manipulation of ground state configurations. Our findings not only provide the basis for future studies on the low-temperature physics of the dipolar trident lattice, but also demonstrate how this frustration-by-design concept can deliver magnetically frustrated metamaterials.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-017-01238-4},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 8 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Artificial Square Ice and Related Dipolar Nanoarrays
journal, June 2006


Exploring thermally induced states in square artificial spin-ice arrays
journal, May 2013


Building blocks of an artificial kagome spin ice: Photoemission electron microscopy of arrays of ferromagnetic islands
journal, October 2008


Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann freezing of a thermally fluctuating artificial spin ice probed by x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy
journal, March 2017


Crystallites of magnetic charges in artificial spin ice
journal, August 2013

  • Zhang, Sheng; Gilbert, Ian; Nisoli, Cristiano
  • Nature, Vol. 500, Issue 7464
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12399

Two-Stage Ordering of Spins in Dipolar Spin Ice on the Kagome Lattice
journal, May 2011


Thermal ground-state ordering and elementary excitations in artificial magnetic square ice
journal, November 2010

  • Morgan, Jason P.; Stein, Aaron; Langridge, Sean
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1853

Fragmentation of magnetism in artificial kagome dipolar spin ice
journal, May 2016

  • Canals, Benjamin; Chioar, Ioan-Augustin; Nguyen, Van-Dai
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11446

Cryogenic PEEM at the Advanced Light Source
journal, October 2012

  • Doran, Andrew; Church, Matthew; Miller, Tom
  • Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, Vol. 185, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.elspec.2012.05.005

Replica Monte Carlo Simulation of Spin-Glasses
journal, November 1986


Thermodynamics of emergent magnetic charge screening in artificial spin ice
journal, September 2016

  • Farhan, Alan; Scholl, Andreas; Petersen, Charlotte F.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12635

Emergent ice rule and magnetic charge screening from vertex frustration in artificial spin ice
journal, August 2014

  • Gilbert, Ian; Chern, Gia-Wei; Zhang, Sheng
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3037

Magnetic diffuse scattering in artificial kagome spin ice
journal, June 2016


Extensive degeneracy, Coulomb phase and magnetic monopoles in artificial square ice
journal, November 2016

  • Perrin, Yann; Canals, Benjamin; Rougemaille, Nicolas
  • Nature, Vol. 540, Issue 7633
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature20155

Kagomé Ice State in the Dipolar Spin Ice Dy 2 Ti 2 O 7
journal, December 2006


Thermal string excitations in artificial spin-ice square dipolar arrays
journal, June 2014


Artificial ‘spin ice’ in a geometrically frustrated lattice of nanoscale ferromagnetic islands
journal, January 2006

  • Wang, R. F.; Nisoli, C.; Freitas, R. S.
  • Nature, Vol. 439, Issue 7074
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature04447

Thermodynamic phase transitions in a frustrated magnetic metamaterial
journal, September 2015

  • Anghinolfi, L.; Luetkens, H.; Perron, J.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9278

Colloquium : Artificial spin ice: Designing and imaging magnetic frustration
journal, October 2013

  • Nisoli, Cristiano; Moessner, Roderich; Schiffer, Peter
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 85, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.85.1473

Extended reciprocal space observation of artificial spin ice with x-ray resonant magnetic scattering
journal, December 2013


Exploring hyper-cubic energy landscapes in thermally active finite artificial spin-ice systems
journal, May 2013

  • Farhan, A.; Derlet, P. M.; Kleibert, A.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2613

Spin Ice State in Frustrated Magnetic Pyrochlore Materials
journal, November 2001


Artificial ferroic systems: novel functionality from structure, interactions and dynamics
journal, August 2013


Thermally induced magnetic relaxation in building blocks of artificial kagome spin ice
journal, June 2014


Direct Observation of Thermal Relaxation in Artificial Spin Ice
journal, August 2013


Parallel tempering: Theory, applications, and new perspectives
journal, January 2005

  • Earl, David J.; Deem, Michael W.
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1039/b509983h

Correlations between the dynamics of parallel tempering and the free-energy landscape in spin glasses
journal, January 2013


Emergent reduced dimensionality by vertex frustration in artificial spin ice
journal, October 2015

  • Gilbert, Ian; Lao, Yuyang; Carrasquillo, Isaac
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3520

Magnetic monopoles in spin ice
journal, January 2008

  • Castelnovo, C.; Moessner, R.; Sondhi, S. L.
  • Nature, Vol. 451, Issue 7174
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06433