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Title: Carbon-Nanotube-Based Thermoelectric Materials and Devices

Abstract

Conversion of waste heat to voltage has the potential to significantly reduce the carbon footprint of a number of critical energy sectors, such as the transportation and electricity-generation sectors, and manufacturing processes. Thermal energy is also an abundant low-flux source that can be harnessed to power portable/wearable electronic devices and critical components in remote off-grid locations. As such, a number of different inorganic and organic materials are being explored for their potential in thermoelectric-energy-harvesting devices. Carbon-based thermoelectric materials are particularly attractive due to their use of nontoxic, abundant source-materials, their amenability to high-throughput solution-phase fabrication routes, and the high specific energy (i.e., W g-1) enabled by their low mass. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) represent a unique 1D carbon allotrope with structural, electrical, and thermal properties that enable efficient thermoelectric-energy conversion. Here, the progress made toward understanding the fundamental thermoelectric properties of SWCNTs, nanotube-based composites, and thermoelectric devices prepared from these materials is reviewed in detail. This progress illuminates the tremendous potential that carbon-nanotube-based materials and composites have for producing high-performance next-generation devices for thermoelectric-energy harvesting.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), NREL Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD)
OSTI Identifier:
1419418
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1417708
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-70041
Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648; TRN: US1801347
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; carbon nanotubes; composite materials; energy harvesting; organic electronics; thermoelectrics

Citation Formats

Blackburn, Jeffrey L., Ferguson, Andrew J., Cho, Chungyeon, and Grunlan, Jaime C. Carbon-Nanotube-Based Thermoelectric Materials and Devices. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/adma.201704386.
Blackburn, Jeffrey L., Ferguson, Andrew J., Cho, Chungyeon, & Grunlan, Jaime C. Carbon-Nanotube-Based Thermoelectric Materials and Devices. United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201704386.
Blackburn, Jeffrey L., Ferguson, Andrew J., Cho, Chungyeon, and Grunlan, Jaime C. Mon . "Carbon-Nanotube-Based Thermoelectric Materials and Devices". United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201704386. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1419418.
@article{osti_1419418,
title = {Carbon-Nanotube-Based Thermoelectric Materials and Devices},
author = {Blackburn, Jeffrey L. and Ferguson, Andrew J. and Cho, Chungyeon and Grunlan, Jaime C.},
abstractNote = {Conversion of waste heat to voltage has the potential to significantly reduce the carbon footprint of a number of critical energy sectors, such as the transportation and electricity-generation sectors, and manufacturing processes. Thermal energy is also an abundant low-flux source that can be harnessed to power portable/wearable electronic devices and critical components in remote off-grid locations. As such, a number of different inorganic and organic materials are being explored for their potential in thermoelectric-energy-harvesting devices. Carbon-based thermoelectric materials are particularly attractive due to their use of nontoxic, abundant source-materials, their amenability to high-throughput solution-phase fabrication routes, and the high specific energy (i.e., W g-1) enabled by their low mass. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) represent a unique 1D carbon allotrope with structural, electrical, and thermal properties that enable efficient thermoelectric-energy conversion. Here, the progress made toward understanding the fundamental thermoelectric properties of SWCNTs, nanotube-based composites, and thermoelectric devices prepared from these materials is reviewed in detail. This progress illuminates the tremendous potential that carbon-nanotube-based materials and composites have for producing high-performance next-generation devices for thermoelectric-energy harvesting.},
doi = {10.1002/adma.201704386},
journal = {Advanced Materials},
number = 11,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

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